ifenisha upholstery

Ukushintshwa kwe-upholstery yefenisha egugile kanye ne-upholstery yomnyango

I-upholstery yefenisha
 
Upholstering inqubo - lokhu akulula neze futhi ngakho-ke kunconyelwe kuphela labo abanezandla ezinobuqiliumsebenzi - sizokuchaza komunye umsebenzi ovamile, lokhoukunyakazisa i-armchair.
 
Umsebenzi uqala ngokuqaqa isihlalo esidala. Ngesikhathi somjahoudinga ukunaka ngokucophelela ama-flaps futhi ukhumbule isakhiwo se-upholstery futhi futhi uqaphele ukuthi ungamoshi impahla, ngoba sizoyisebenzisa futhi. Kodwa ake sibone ukuthi indaba injani edingekayo ukuze upholstery? Okokuqala, izimpendulo ziyadingekaizigcwalisi ezivuthayo: utshani basolwandle, utshani befilakisi, uboya bekotini, inani lezinwele zezilwane ezihlukahlukene noma, yini iningi isebenzisa: i-laticel ne-foam materials.Izithwali nazo ziyadingeka amateyipu (izindwangu, irabha nensimbi), izindwangu zangaphakathi (i-twill, i-molino, indwangu yomugqa), iziphethu kanye nezinye izinto zephepha lodonga (iphepha, intambo, intambo, intambo yokuhlobisa, izinzipho zokuhlobisa) futhi ekugcineni indwangu, isikhumba noma isikhumba sokwenziwa sokumboza. Yebo, ithuluzi elifanelekile liyadingeka: isando, ithuluzi lokukhipha izinto ezibonakalayo nezinzipho, lokuqinisa itheyiphu, inaliti eqondile futhi egobile, inaliti enamathiphu amabili, amaphinifa, isikelo, i-tape measure, intambo yokuthunga kanye nesikelo sensimbi yeshidi.
 
Kufanele ivezwe kanjani ifenisha ekhushulelwe upholstered? Okokuqala kufanele susa izipikili zokuhlobisa kanye nephepha lodonga ngabanye a bese ususa indwangu yokumboza. Uma indwangu isekhona isesimweni esihle, kufanele ihlanzwe ngamakhemikhali, futhi uma isivele isigugile, kufanele sithenge entsha. Ngemva kwalokhu kufanele khipha i-molino (indwangu evala uboya bekotini) kanye noboya bekotini. (Kutuswa ukuba esikhundleni sikakotini omdala ufake omusha.) Khona-ke kumelweingasusa iseyili, utshani basolwandle, iziphethu kanye notshani obusekelayoke. I-afro esusiwe (izinwele) idinga ukuhlanzwa kahle uthuli futhi waklwebheka futhi, noma uma lokho kungenakwenzeka, ke ukucubungula ngesandla. Okokugcina, imithombo kufanele ihlolwe futhi ishintshwelezo eziphukile futhi ezeluliwe. Kumelwe nathi buyisela amakhasethi amadala naqinile ngokwanele.
 
I-armchair upholstery
 
Ngemuva kokuhlakazwa, ukulungiswa kwamathuluzi kanye nokutholwa okusha impahla ingaqalwa nge-upholstery. Singakwenza kanjani phinda. i-upholstery ye-armchair? Izihlalo ze-upholstered ngokuvamile afakwe iziphethu eziphakeme Iziphethu ze-9-12 futhi uma i-upholstery endala yayingenayo imithombo eminingi kangaka idinga ukwengezwa. (I-armchair idinga inani elifanayo leziphethu, kuphela ngobude obuncane.)
 
Imichilo kufanele ixhunywe kuqala ohlakeni lokhuni oluhlanziwe. Beka ukuphela kwe-tape emaphethelweni angaphansi kwefreyimu kanye no-2 cm kudeukubethelwa kusukela ekugcineni ngezipikili ezintathu. Bese ingxenye 2 cm lulama futhi ulungise ngokuqinile ngezipikili ezinhlanu. Amanye amapheshana treukuze babe nebanga elilinganayo lika-3-5 cm kanye nelokugcina irowu bese ubeka umugqa ophambanayo wemigqa iqonde phezulu futhi imicu ephambanayo ihlangene. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuthi izintambo ziqiniswe kahle ngakho-ke, ngaphambili silungisa ukuphela kwamahhala, kufanele kuqiniswe ngethuluzi lokucindezela. Uma singenalo ithuluzi elinjalo, singasebenzisa futhi i-slat yokhuni esawn enesigaba esiyindilinga. Tsidonsa irakhi endaweni eyisikiwe ye-slat futhi ngokusonta i-slat, esasiyicindezele ngaphambili eceleni kwesihlalo se-armchair, siqinisa itheyiphu. Ngokuqinisekile ngokushesha kunokuba kamuvakuye, indwangu ethambile kufanele ibekwe phakathi kwe-armchair kanye ne-slatukuze ungalimazi izihlalo zengalo ezipholishiwe.
 
Ngemuva kokuqinisa izintambo, iziphethu kufanele zifakwe. Okuncono yiziphethu ezinemicu engu-5-6. Iziphethu kufanele zibe baphumula ezindaweni lapho imichilo iwela khona, ngoba ngale ndlela bayoba namandla ukuthwala kufanele kube kukhudlwana futhi kufanele kubekwe ukuze izingwegwe kuzo iziphetho emgqeni owodwa zibheke kwesokunxele, futhi komunye irowu kwesokudla. Iziphethu ezibekwe kahle kufanele zibe ngezansi thunga ekugcineni emicu, bese ugoqa izipikili ohlakeni, ngokufanayo isiqondiso ngomugqa wemithombo bese ubopha izintambo kulezi zinzipho ukubopha kwentwasahlobo. Uhlangothi olulodwa lwentambo kufanele luboshwe esipikili, khona-ke entwasahlobo ngayinye, bopha intambo ezindaweni ezimbili, uyibophe emthonjeni futhi ekugcineni ubophe esipikilini ngakolunye uhlangothi]. Use iziphethu kufanele ziboshwe ngendlela efanayo ohlangothini oluphambene futhi ukuthi baqiniswe ngamaphuzu amane.
 
ifenisha upholstery
 
Iziphethu eziboshiwe kufanele zimbozwe ngendwangu yasentwasahlobo (jute cloth) bese ubophela ulwelwesi ngokukhululeka ngezinzipho ze-upholstery ifreyimu. I-"filler" ibekwe ku-canvas yeziphethu, isb. ivuselelwe ukhula lwasolwandle. I-filler kufanele iqale ibekwe emaphethelweni esihlalo, bese kuba phakathi nalelo nani okumele lisetshenziswe lapho uhlezi abazizwa iziphethu. Njengoba sibeke ngokulinganayo i-filler sibeka i-canvas engezansi, sinqunywe kusuka ku-sargia, futhi okwesikhashana siyiqinisa ngezikhonkwane. Singenza ukulungisa kokugcina kusukakungenziwa ngezindlela ezimbili: 1. qinisa iseyili ngezikhonkwane ngaphansi kwemiphetho eseceleni futhi ngokwenza imiphetho siyathunga: 2. serge namathisela ngezipikili kuhlaka. Izinzipho ezidinga ukubethelwa njalo 6-8 cm, okokuqala sibhala uhhafu indlela kuphela, ngokubasinweba i-canvas futhi siyidonse ezinzipho futhi kuphela lapho iyachofozamo izinzipho ngokuphelele okhunini.
 
Ukuvimbela ukugcwaliswa ukuthi kungahambi, yonke i-upholstery kufanele thunga ngemithungo ehlukaniswe ngokulinganayo. Okokuqala umkhawulo wangaphandle we-upholstery kufanele wamukelwe phakathi kweminwe eminefuthi isithupha nomunwe wangaphezulu cishe ngo-5 cm ukusuka endaweni yokuqala prodevak, nabanye ebangeni elilinganayo ukusuka kulena. Bese kuza ukucutshungulwa kwemiphetho ezungeze isihlalo, mpo emaceleni nasemuva. Icala lidinga ukuthunyelwa futhi, lungisa futhi, lapho kunesidingo, cindezela isigcwalisi ngenaliti. Ama-Upholsterers ajwayele izinhlobo eziningana zokuthunga onqenqemeni. Sizokwenza kanjalo chaza kuphela okulula kakhulu. Okokuqala udinga ukwakha imiphetho amakhona ukuvimbela ishaja ukuthi ingasheleli bese iqala ngomthungo wokuqala ku-4 cm ukusuka onqenqemeni. Inalithi kufanele ifakwe ngesandla sokudla ukusuka phansi kuye phezulu, futhi kwesokunxele cindezela impahla i ngesikhathi esifanayo susa ukungalingani okukhonaizilinganiso. Ngemva kokuthunga kokuqala, siqhubeka sithunga ngokunyakaza ukusuka kwesobunxele kuye kwesokudla nge-prodevi eqondile, engu-4-6 cm ubude.
 
Siqala ukuthunga kwesibili kude ukusuka emaphethelweni, ngoba 2-2,5 cm ukusuka kwesobunxele kuye kwesokudla ngama-prodev afanayo. Manje sekunebanga phakathi kwezitolo ngazinye 2-3 cm kuphela. Ngenkathi uthunga ngesandla sokudla, bese ngesobunxele sakha imiphetho bese sishaya isigcwalisi. Kokubili ukuthunga udinga sebenzisa intambo enhle neqinile ngisho nangemva kokuthungwa okungu-4 - 5 ukusuka phansi izinhlangothi ukubopha ukuthunga ukuze kamuva, uma kunesidingo, ingaqinisa. Ngalokhu, ekugcineni sesiqedile i-tapaki ephansiamanxeba lapho kufakwa khona ingubo ephezulu.
 
I-filler ayikwazi ukulungiswa njalo ukuze emva kokuthunga yendwangu engezansi iphansi ngokuphelele. Amaqhubu asele kanye ukungalingani kususwa yi-upholstery ephezulu. Ngaphezulu ukuma kokugcina kwe-upholstery kungabuye kwakhiwe nge-upholstering. Ngakho-ke, ungqimba olusha lwe-filler kufanele lubekwe kungqimba olungezansi. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthamba kanye nendawo eyisicaba ye-upholstery. Okokuqala, udinga ukugcwalisa ama-depressions adalwe ngesikhathi sokuthunga imiphetho kanye nokuthunga, bese kubekwa ungqimba olusha lokugcwalisa ububanzi 2-3 cm. Ngale njongo kungcono ukusebenzisa izinwele ezinhle, i-laticel noma i-foam material. Kusendlalelo sokugcwalisa ekugcineni, ungqimba oluncane loboya bekotini kanye nemiphetho yalolu ungqimba kufanele lubekwe ngokulinganayo faka ngaphansi kwezinto zokugcwalisa ukuvimbela isigcwalisi kamuva ingene ngendwangu "yendwangu yefenisha".
 
Umsebenzi olandelayo ukubeka indwangu yomugqa ku-scroeMolin. Indlela elula yokunamathisela lolu cwecwe jukuthunga onqenqemeni. I-molino ehlanganisiwe, ubukhulu bayo fanisa ubuso obukhuphukile, kufanele bubuyiselwe emaphethelweni mayelana ne-1 cm futhi unamathele emagumbini amane ngezikhonkwane ingxenye upholstered. Bese uqondanisa isihlalo se-armchair ngokucophelela, mhlawumbe uhlale kuso, ukuze i-molino ibambelela kahle ku-upholstery futhi iphinde iqiniswe ngezikhonkwane. I-molino eyisicaba ngokuphelele, engenamibimbi, kufanele athungelwe emaphethelweni ngemithungo evulekile.
 
Okuncono. i-upholstery futhi imbozwe ngokuthile okuvela ohlangothini olungezansi impahla elukiwe kakhulu ukuvikela izinhlayiya ukuthi zingawi filler futhi ngaleyo ndlela ungcolise phansi.
 
Manje imisebenzi yangaphakathi isiqediwe futhi singafikaisiphuzo enamathela. ukufaka i-upholstery. Okokuqala udinga indwangu usike usayizi odingekayo futhi welule kahle etafuleni ukuze lingeluleki futhi lidale ngokushesha ngemva kokufakwa ama-creases. Indwangu enwetshiwe kufanele ibekwe phezuluyimboze futhi uyibophe ngesipikili esisodwa emagumbini amane. Bese ubopha izinhlangothi ezimbili ngezipikili, futhi ezinhlangothini eziphambeneukuze siqinise futhi sishaye ngezandla zethu. Lapho uqinisa futhi Ukuqondanisa kufanele kuqale kusuka phakathi kuya emaphethelweni ukugwema ama-creases. Ukuqiniswa kufanele kuqhubeke kuze kube yilapho ubuso buyisicaba ngokuphelele. Emakhoneni indwangu kufanele iqoqwe ukuze imiphetho ilingane futhi kusetshenzwe ngabathengisi abafihliwe. Qaphela! Indawo engaphezulu nayo iyadingeka lapha ukuba flat.
 
Uma sifuna ukubeka okuhlobisa emaphethelweni aphansi e-armchair intambo, khona-ke ukuqiniswa kwendwangu kufanele kwenziwe ngaphandle kwe-poizimbuyiselo, isb uyibethele ngezipikili zokhuni ifreyimu bese umboza nxazonke ngobubanzi obufunayo. Uma sifuna sisebenzisa izipikili zokuhlobisa, indwangu kufanele ifakwe kuyo engxenyeni engezansi yohlaka ukuze ingxenye ibuyiselwe emaphethelweni endwangu ngobubanzi obungaba ngu-1 cm futhi ubethelwe kahle ngezipikili ze-upholstery. Ekugcineni, sifaka imihlobiso nxazonke emaphethelweni aphansi izinzipho, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi zisebangeni elifanayo.
 
I-upholstery yomnyango
 
I-Upholstery yeminyango isekupheleni kokwakhiwa kwazookungenziwa ngezindlela ezimbili. Indlela eyodwa idinga ukuthi umnyango, esifuna ukuwenza upholster, uyisicaba ngokuphelele, ngoba i-upholstery ingabekwa ngqo phezulu Isicabha.
 
Izinto ezidingekayo
 
I-insulation: izinto ezithambile zegwebu, ipuleti eliwugqinsi 20-30 mm izilinganiso ezihambisana nobukhulu bomnyango (mhlawumbe ngezingcezu ezimbalwa). I-Lining: ithambile, i-elastic sezinobukhulu obungu-10 cm obukhulu kunobukhulu bomnyango. Glue: uhlobo lweglue yezinto zokwenziwa ezomisa ngokushesha. Izinzipho. izipikili zokuhlobisa iphepha lodonga, izipikili zokulungisa bhema 16x16 (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye a.)
 
Izibambo zomnyango kanye nezingidi zensimbi kufanele zihlakazwe bese kuthi-ke zikhumule uzibeke endaweni evundlile. Dweba ngepensela ifreyimu ngo-1,5 cm ukusuka onqenqemeni (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye b). I-Upholstery uma uthandawena kuphela ngalolo hlangothi lomnyango obheke ohlakeni, bese ngaphambili ngaphambi kokuba izibambo ziqedwe, umnyango kufanele uvalwe futhi ube mhlophehlala eduze kohlaka kuze kufike lapho i-upholstery izohamba khona. Kusuka kulolu phawu lwe Uhlaka olusha kufanele ludwetshwe ngo-1,5 cm lubheke ngaphakathi. Ipuleti sika impahla yegwebu ngokufana ncamashí nobukhulu bale yunithiuhlaka bese usika indawo yeshidi lokukhiya kulo (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye s). Sidinga ubuso bomnyango kanye nobuso bebhodi le-foamukumboza nge-glue bese ubeka ngokucophelela izinto ze-foam kwabamhlopheindawo yowesifazane kanye neglue (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye d.).
 
umnyango upholstery
I-SLIKA 1
 
Khona-ke kufanele isakazwe ngeglue (ngokuphakamisa imiphetho). izinhlangothi zebhodi le-foam kanye nendawo engezansi yomnyango eduze kwefreyimu ngobubanzi obuyi-3 cm (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye e). Kumele linda i-glue ukuze "ibambe" kancane ngethuluzi eliyisicaba (isb. ngesikrudrayiva esibanzi) cindezela ngokucophelela futhi ulungise esiphansi unqenqema lwe-foam bese uyinamathisela (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye f.) Indaba kufanele ibekwe phezu kwesisekelo esilungiselelwe ngale ndlela imigqa yesibhakabhaka, qinisa futhi ulungise njalo ngo-5 - 10 cm ngezipikili, ukuze izipikili zishayelwe phakathi nendawo kuphela. Khona-ke isiketi sinqunywa, sishiya u-1 cm ukusuka kulowo odwetshiwe okvrra (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye g).
 
Ekhikhini, unqenqema lunqunywa kancane, khona-ke indawo yesibambo kanye nokuvula kunqunywa yesihluthulelo (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye h.) Isibhakabhaka simisiwe ohlangothini olungezansi ngokunamathisela bese efaka ishidi lokukhiya. Izinzipho zokubopha kufanele ikhishwe ngabanye (umkhiwane 1, ingxenye i.) Futhi ngokuqhubekayo buyisela imiphetho yesiketi bese uqinisa futhi ukuze ulungise kuze kube uhhafu ngezipikili ezishayelelwe phakathi. Ngemva kwalokhu, ngokuqhubekayokodwa ukususa izinzipho zokulungisa, izinzipho zokuhlobisa izinzipho (umkhiwane 1 ingxenye j) Okokuqala udinga ukulungisa amakhona. Ibanga eliphakeme phakathi kwamakhanda ezipikili lingaba 1-2 mm. Ukunakekelwa kufanele kuthathwe ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi unqenqema lubushelelezi, noma isipikili, ungabi ngaphandle kohlaka olumakiwe.
 
Uma ingaphezulu lomnyango lingesicaba kodwa linama-indent, thephaukuhlinzwa kufanele kwenziwe ngesisekelo esikhethekile. Kudingeka okwengeziwe impahla yale ndlela yokusebenza yilezi: plywood noma ibhodi lokhuni imicu enogqinsi oluyi-3-5 mm ye-base plate enobukhulu be-po 3 cm mancane kunobukhulu bomnyango. Ikepisi yokubopha: intambo yelineni noma intambo encane, izinkinobho zokuhlobisa ezine-omotom of sky.
 
i-upholstery
I-SLIKA 2
 
Okokuqala, kuyadingeka esisekelweni nasebhodini elenziwe ngezinto ze-foam dweba igridi yokubeka izinkinobho (ibanga phakathi kwazoimigqa evundlile kufanele ibe ngu-10 cm, futhi imigqa eqondile ibe ngu-7,5 cm). Izimbobo kufanele zibhojwe empambanweni yale migqa ku-base plate ububanzi obuyi-5 mm, kanye nezimbobo ebhodini ezenziwe ngezinto ze-foam ububanzi 30-40 mm. Ukuvula ebhodini legwebusingakwazi ukubhoboza i-jala ngesibhakela sesikhumba (noma uma kungekho yalokho, ngesikhunta sama-scones anemiphetho ecijile ngokucindezela futhi ukuphenduka umkhiwane. 1, ingxenye k.) Ngemva kokubhoboza izimbobo kufanele kube foamed namathisela izinto (ngaphandle kokunamathisela imiphetho), beka unqenqema futhi Lungisa imiphetho ephakathi nendawo ngezinzipho ezikhandwe ngesando. Intambo yelineni eqinile kufanele ifakwe ezimbotsheni zezinkinobho nge-awl ukuthunga noma ukuhlanganisa inaliti enamaphuzu amabili ngokusebenzisa izimbobo - (fig. 2). Ngemva kokufaka izinkinobho, intambo kufanele iboshwe izipikili ezishayelwa phakathi bese zishaywa ngesando izinzipho zokuzilungisa. Manje sesingakhipha izinzipho ngazo isibhakabhaka silungisiwe futhi sibophe i-base plate ngezikulufu ngomnyango. Eminye imisebenzi iyafana naleyo echazwe ngaphambilini. Sizofinyelela umphumela ofanayo uma sithenga okukhethekile izinzipho, amakhanda esiwagqoka nge-skairen. Sidweba isiketi ngeshoki yomthungi net, sibhoboza amaphuzu ahambisanayo nge-awl bese sishaya izipikili ngethuluzi ekujuleni okufunayo. 
 
 

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