i-drill kagesi

I-drill kagesi (izingxenye, izinhlobo zokubhoboza, indlela yokusebenza)

I-drill kagesi
 
Indlela yokusondela ngendlela efanele imishini
 
Ezitolo namuhla ungakwazikanye nokukhethwa okubanzi kwemishini emincane engenawoizesekeli ze-nim nezesekeli nezikhethekilenim amathuluzi, okungenzeka ngawo ukwandisa kakhulu insimu yomsebenzi. Kufanele ukusho, nokho, ukuthi kunalokhoamadili ngemishini enjalo ahlala engcono funda ukwenza ngamathuluzi ezandla njengoba singenza kamuva kokubilingomshini. Ngaleyo ndlela sizokwenza ukwazi ukuthola uhlobo oluqondile lomshini esiyidingayo, futhi nayoizesekeli zokukhuluma, iziqondisokanye nezidingo ezinqunyiwe kakade. Use ekugcineni, sizokwazi umshini ngendlela efanele ukusebenzisa. Kuhle ukuhlola ngaphambili izinqumo zokuthenga, noma ngabe zenziwa nhlobo kuyakhokha. Umsebenzi ofanayo owenziwa ngesandla sesifisoisikhathi esiningi nomzamo; ohumzila wesitimela wona unowawo intengo yezindleko, kuthatha isikhala, uhlelo lokusebenzaisondlo sakho. Yingakho kumnandi ukuphuzaKunzima ukwazi ukuthi umshini uzokwenza malini ngempela sebenzisa phakathi nenyanga eyodwa, noma unyaka nokuthi izokwazi yini ukubambelela endaweni ethile ngaphandle kobunzima.
 
Cishe sonke siyakukholelwa lokho kancane sizokwazi ukukwenza ngokushesha futhi kulula nge-poamandla omshini lokho esingakwazi ukukwenza ukwenza ngethuluzi lesandla. Ngokuningiezimweni eziningi kuwukukhohlisa. Kusukela sathola umshini ngeimishini yokukhohlisa, ngemva kochungechunge yemizamo engaphumelelanga siyayishiya futhi okubi kakhulu, sishiya yonke into insimu yomsebenzi. Ngempela indoda ihlala waqiniseka ukuthi iqembu imisebenzi, ngoba umshini ohlosiwe, kalula ngaphezu kwamakhono akhe. Empeleni, indlela ephusile bekufanele ilandelwe: okokuqala funda ukukwenza ngesandla, futhi ngemva kwalokho kuphela ukuthenga umshini.
 
Ubani owazi ukusebenzisa i-boo yezandlange-spike, kuyoba okungalungile, noma nge-backngomphumela oyifunayo, sebenzisa i i-drill kagesi. Ubani ongakwazi lokho amabhodi amasaha, amaphaneli noma ama-laths amasaha esandla, azothola imiphumela emibi njalo nge-chainsaw, ngengozi yokulimala, ikakhulukazi ngamasaha ayindilinga. Ubani ongakwazi lokho lola itshizolo ngetshe elibukhalimena, ngeke akwazi ukwenza lokho ngisho nasemzuliswaneni i-motor sander. Isidlo sasemini esisodwaukufundela umlenze ngakho-ke ngokuqinisekile okudingekayo ngaphambi kokuba sisondele ukusebenza ngosizo lwemishini nakho konke izengezo eziningi.
 
I-drill kagesi
 
Ngokwezibalo, e-USA ayisishiyagalombili umndeni wabantu abayishumi unoyedwa umshini wokubhola ngogesi, naseVelika Briizacile isithupha kwabayishumi. I-drill kagesiubuso bungasetshenziswa ukubhola ukuvula, kungabekwa endaweni yokumisa futhi isetshenziswe njenge-drill yetafula (like "i-drill ezwelayo" yangempela emabhodleleninic workshop) noma bangaya kuyo namathisela amathuluzi ajikelezayo. Yebo Yeboisikhumba ukuze sisebenze njengenjini yokunyakazauchungechunge oluncane lokuqhubeka okuhlukahlukene kwe-pretvaukusika ibe isaha lembobo, isiyingi isaha, noma ngisho nasemgqeni wombazi wangempela. Ngokuyisisekelo iqukethe i-lamellar Iqoqo elinamabhulashi futhi isesimweni esihle yebo, ngisho nangaphansi komthwalo, liyakhula i-torque ephezulu. Injini iyaqala umphini othwala ojikelezayo phezulu ikhanda elinama-gripper amathathu alingana ngaphambilikufanele ziboshwe eduze kwe-shaft ye-drill bit noma amanye amathuluzi esandla. Ukuqiniswa kwenziwe ngokhiye, uma kungenjalo kunesidingoumlenze we-accessory ohlale uhamba ne-drillcus futhi ehlehlisiwe eduze kwaphezulu. Ukhiye ibekwe emgodini ohambisanayo futhi inamazinyo ngamagiya esicoco amakhanda. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi iyabophela ukubhola ngesandla bekungeke kwanele ngokuqinile, futhi usebenzise ukhiye obhalwe phansienemihlathi yensimbi bekungaholela ngokushesha umonakalo ekhanda uqobo.
 
I-drill kagesi ngokuvamile inomumo isibhamu, esibanjeni saso okukhona iswishi motor power supply. Ngomunye ngamagama, ngokucindezela inkinobho ye-punchubuso buqala ukuphenduka; yakhe ukuyikhulula kumisa i-drill. Ngaphezu kwalokho, cishe wonke amamodeli ane-sa ohlangothini, eduze neswishi, inkinobho ngokuvimbela. Ngaleyo ndlela i-drill iyaqhubeka nokusebenza yize kunjalo sakhulula iswishi. Akubonakali kanjalo kaningi lapho kubhora, kodwa kakhulunom lapho i-electric drill coibhonga njengenjini yemishini eyahlukene (umshini wokugaya, umshini wokuvula).
 
Izingxenye zangaphakathi
 
Ama-drill kagesi abekwe endlinifuthi izingxenye zayo eziyisisekelo azizona: umgodi ikhanda elibanjwe kurola oqinileumbhede oseningizimu ovikelwe ku-praojantshi futhi okungadingi phansiukugcoba. I-motor shaft iyadlulisa izungeza ku-shaft yekhanda lokubhoboza ngepheya elilodwa lamagiya futhi ithwala ukupholisa fan. Isibambo i-capacitor, enekepisi efanelekilei-citeta exhunywe kumabhulashi emoto, (amandla ancike ezicini ze-mothatha). Umsebenzi we-capacitor uku ukunciphisa izinhlansi phakathi kwamabhulashi kanye umqoqi lapho injini kagesi isebenza. Ukudubula bekungabangela ukuphazamiseka ekusebenzeni kwezamukeli zomsakazo nezethelevishini emakamelweni angomakhelwane (humming and imigqa yonkana kwesikrini), kunjalo kakade ukubusa lokho capacitors ngokumelene iziphazamiso zifakwe hhayi kuphela ku-elecama-trike drill, kodwa nakubo bonke abasekhaya izinto zikagesi ezinikwa amandla yi-motor nge-collector namabhulashi.
 
ukubhoboza 
Izivivinyo zejubane elilodwa
 
Empeleni inikezwa ezitolo namuhla ukukhethwa okubanzi kokuprakthiza nokuthi ngenkulu umehluko ezicini. Okokuqala futhi imodeli elula iyona elula futhi eshibhe kakhulukuncane, kwakhiwe ngaphezulu noma ngaphansi njenge kuchazwe ngenhla. Isimo kuphela siyashintsha, isisindo (kusuka kilogram nesigamu kuya ngaphezulu amakhilogremu amathathu), amandla (200 volts ngaphezu kwama-volts angu-400) futhi ahlukene diamasayizi ama-drill bits namathuluzi angasetshenziswa qinisa ekhanda elijikelezayo. Iningi ngaphandle kwesibambo, i-drill nayo inomsizi isibambo esibekwe eceleni futhi ilungisiwe ecaleni, futhi iyiphi i-omoguzava ukubamba futhi uqondise kangcono ukubhoboza ngesikhathi sokusebenzisa.
 
Noma kunjalo, isici esiyisisekelo saleli qembu le-elecama-drill amathathu kufanele abe nawo kuphela isivinini esisodwa sokusebenza, esingaphinda futhi kuningi ukushintsha kusuka kumodeli kuya imodeli: inombolo yokuguqulwa ngomzuzu ikhodi abanye 800, abanye 1.800, 2.500 noma ngaphezulu ngisho nezi-3.000. Ngakho, imayelana nokuprakthizaamakhamera anesivinini esikhulu, ngenxa yalokho ukusetshenziswa kwabo kabushaIlinganiselwe.
 
Izivivinyo ezinezivinini eziningi
 
Lezi zivivinyo zihlukile kunangaphambilikubo ngokuthi bangaphenduka ngesivinini ezimbili noma ezine. Isakhiwo si ngokuyisisekelo kuyafana njengoba sekuchaziwe, kuphela makhulu futhi asindayo, ngoba akhona ecaleni kusamele bangihlalise namagiyanacha. Uma kungenjalo, u-gearbox uqalwa kusukangaphandle usebenzisa isibambo esifanele. Leli qembu lesibili lokuzivivinya libiza kakhulu ngokwesilinganiso ngo-20-30%, kodwa inikeza okuningihamba amathuba amakhulu wohlelo lokusebenza ngokunembile ngoba izivinini zingalungiswa. Lokhu kusho ukuthi zikulungele ukubhoboza izinto ezahlukene, ngoba abanye banayo kubalulekile ukuthi ijubane liphansi futhi ngokuphambene nalokho. Isivinini esilungiswe kahle siyazivikela i-drill ne-drill, futhi izimbobo zenziwe ngokunembe kakhulu. Ngokwesibonelo, drill- ubuso obunezivinini ezimbili bungahlehliswa ku-750 rpm, noma ku-1.900, kanye nekani lokubhoboza eligijima ngamagiya amane ine-600, 850, 1900 kanye ne-2700 revolutions iminithi.
 
Ama-drill ane-variable imodi yokuphenduka i izivivinyo ezihlanganisiwe
 
Iqembu lesithathu lokuzivivinya line-electronngedivayisi ye-skim elingana namiimodi ye-nja yokujikeleza kwekhanda kuhlaka inani eliphansi neliphezulu lokuvukela umbuso, i.e. ngokwesibonelo, ukusuka ku-0 kuye ku- 2000, lingakanani inani eliphezulu lokushintshwamina. Le divayisi ivulwa ngaphandle ngesibambo, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi i-drill ekusebenzeni, noma ngabe icishiwe.
 
Amamodeli ahlanganisiwe nawo ayathengiswa, nawo, ngaphezu kuka-gearbox, nawo i-variator kagesi eqhubekayo. U uma kunjalo, ngokuqinisekile bayanda drill izilinganiso, isisindo kanye nentengo, kodwa kuma-revs aphansi, i-torque iphakeme (ngamandla enjini afanayo), kune kumamodeli ane-variator, kodwa ngaphandle gearbox. Le torque ephezulu, ngesivinini esiphansi, kubalulekile kweminye imisebenzi ethile.
 
Ukuzivivinya okunomthelela
 
Izivivinyo zomthelela (viama-bracing drill, ama-hammer drill) ube nedivayisi engavulwafunda noma ungafaki uma kunesidingo, nokuthi aqonde eduze kwesiyingi sakhe esijwayelekileukunyakaza kwe-nog kunezela okwengeziwe futhi ngokushesha, praUkunyakaza kwe-Volynian emuva naphambili.
 
Ngalokhu, ithuluzi, ngaphezu kokuphenduka nokushaya, i.e. amabhithi phezu komhlaba siyalima. Ukuzivivinya komthelela kungaba okukodwa-chazinske, ingaba no-gearbox onamabili noma izivinini ezine, zingaba noshintshoimodi yamahhala yokujikeleza usebenzisa i-eleci-tron variator, noma, ihlanganisiwe, ngesivinini esiningi kanye nokuhlukahluka kwe-elekthronikhiisivinini torus. Ngokufana, moizingxenye ngokwesilinganiso zisinda, zikhulu, zikhudlwana amandla futhi ngokuqinisekile kuyabiza kakhulu. Umthelelaakalusebenzisi ucingo ikakhulukazi lapho edinga bhola amakholomu kakhonkolo aqinisiwe, izitebhisi, izindonga zezitini eziqinile, izindonga zamatshe. Ekhaya, ezimweni eziningiitiye, imisebenzi enjalo ayivamile ukwenziwabayamaka. Kungase kube nesidingo beka into efakwayo (dowel) kwesinye isakhiwo kakhonkolo oqinisiwe, kodwa ngokuthile umzamo owengeziwe kanye nokubekezela okuncane ukuthi mosizophinde sikwenze nge-drill ngaphandle komthelela shayela. Ama-Impact drills asetshenziselwa lokhu ngokuvamile ebhekwa njengochwepheshe amathuluzi. Eqinisweni, zisetshenziswa ngabadwebi abafaka ifenisha elengayo, elecosebenza ngamapayipi, amapayipi amanzi, abasebenzalabo abafaka ukufakwa kwegesi, abakhi abafaka izinyathelouthango, amafreyimu eminyango namafasitela, njll ngisho nabaqophi bezithombe zesimanje.
 
I-Multi-speed impact drill, noma kangcono nakakhulu, nge-electron eqhubekayoskim variator, angakwenza (lapho idivayisi yokushaqeka icishiwe) yonke into umsebenzi owenziwa ama-drillers ngaphandle yalowo mshini, ukuze ngisho nabasafufusa bakwaziukubakhonza ngaphandle kobunzima. Kodwa ngaphezulu intengo (engakhuphuka kakhulu, ngisho kabili uma kuqhathaniswa nezimpenduloamamodeli abhongayo ngaphandle kokushaqeka kwe-pogona), bekungeke kuthethelelwe ngokusetshenziswa njalo.
 
umthelela wokuprakthiza 
Isivinini sokuzungeza kuye ngokuthi impahla
 
Umbuzo wejubane, okungukuthi. wamavukelambuso e imizuzu yeveli yokubhola kagesikodwa kubalulekile, futhi sizozama ukukwenza lokho ukukhombisa esibonelweni sokubhola izimbobo ezinomshini wokubhoboza ovunguzayo. Kucacile ukuthi isivinini okwasikwa ngaso unqenqema lwebhithi yokubhobozaukususwa kwama-chips entweni (isivinini cutting) ngokulingana nesivinini sokuzungezai-nja drill bits (ngaleyo ndlela futhi bhola amakhanda), i.e. ububanzi be-drill ngokwayo. Ngomunye ngamagama, kusho ukuthi ngenani elifanayo izinguquko zokubhoboza, isivinini sokusika, noma Ukungena ku-material, drill bitswonke ama-diameter awafani. Ukuze kube nomphumela ukusebenza bekukuhle, isivinini sokujikeleza besingenjalo ingase yeqe umkhawulo othile, ngoba ijwayele ukubhobolwa. ukushisa ngokweqile, ukushisa kabusha, (ilahlekelwa ubulukhuni) futhi ilahlekelwa ngokushesha i-blade - ayisekho ukusika. Sekwanele imizuzwana embalwa yokusebenza kokuthile vingesivinini esikhulu, ukuze libhujiswe ukubhoboza. I-drill eshisa ngokweqile ihayizadi, i-ayina phansi kwembobo, esikhundleni sokuba uyajula, nalapho ephikelelamo, lokho ngamandla sizama prosilala sijule, kodwa ngaphandle kwemiphumela.
 
Isivinini sokusika esilungile sincike wezinto ezizobhojwa: kunjalo iphakeme ngokhuni, i-aluminium kanye nezinkuniama-alloys nethusi. Okuningi okuphansi yijubane elilungile lejwayelekile insimbi, ephansi ngisho nezinsimbi ezikhethekile, futhi okuphansi kakhulu okwezinsimbi ezingenasici, ithusi nethusi.
 
Ukubhola okusheshayo, ngesivinini esisodwa, ngakho-ke kufanelekile ukubhoboza izinkuni kanye i-aluminium, kanti ezinye izinsimbi mosizobhoboza kuphela ngama-drill bits amadayamitha amancane, ngokuqondile ngoba cha besingadlula isivinini esivumelekile esivumelekileakukho ukusika. Lelo jubane alisukanga ngokupheleleyayala: kuhlale kuyindaba yokubekezelelana okukhuluokungafanele siweqe. Kungashiwo ukuthi ukubhoboza ngesivinini (revs) ngaphansi kakhulu kokulungile, imelela ukulahlekelwa okuthile ku-vreimenyu; kodwa umzamo wethu uzokhokha futhi sizowenza kahle umsebenzi.
 
Nokho, sebenza ngesivinini esiphezulu kakhulu kusuka kokulungile, kwenza umsebenzi ube nzima kakhulu, uma ingawuvali ngisho nokuwucisha, bese ilimaza izingcezu zokubhoboza, idinga kuze kufikekuwukumosha umzamo nesikhathi. Uma naphezu kwalokho sikwazile ukugqashukasithunga imbobo, ngokuvamile sikwenza kabi kwenziwe (ububanzi bomgodi buphuma bukhulu kuno yobubanzi be-drill bit, ithola umumo oblique, umthambeka ongafuneki, izindonga zomgodi ziba i-grooved, impahla ishisa ngokweqile futhi njalonjalo). Kuyacaca-ke ukuthi ngisho nalapho sifuna umshini wokubhoboza ugesi siyisebenzisela ukubhoboza izimbobo kuphelaububanzi obujwayelekile (kusuka ku-2-10 millimetersra), kufanele sinake isivinini kanye nokunquma ngokuthenga amamodeli anensa, hhayi asheshayo, uma Yebo, asinaso isiqiniseko sokuthi siyokwenza lokho sebenzisa kuphela izinkuni ne-aluminiumubuncane.
 
Lolu hlobo lokucabanga lusebenza nakwabanye izesekeli ezingaxhunywa kuzo i-drill kagesi. Wonke amathuluzi, i-bio it router, sanding disc, irabha roller enoboya bokupholishwa, sanding kaamadoda, ibhulashi lensimbi elijikelezayo noma okunye ithuluzi lesibili, linomsebenzi walo opheleleisivinini se-nu (ngaleyo ndlela isivinini sokujikeleza), umkhiqizi ngokuvamile abonisa kuyo ukupakisha. Isilinganiso salezi zivinini sikhulu impela ububanzi kodwa bucacile: ibhulashi lensimbi le ekhipha upende omdala ensimbi ezicijile, sizokwazi ukuzisebenzisa ku-viizinombolo ezinomsoco zama-revolutions; idiski yerabha ka-10-12 amasentimitha wokupholisha ifenisha noma izimoto, kuzodingeka sebenzisa ngesivinini esiphansi kakhulu. Inkinga ibonakala icacile futhi nini i-drill isetshenziswa njengedrayivu injini yamathuluzi ahlukahlukene omshini; i-obraukuthi ezinye izinto kanye nayo yonke imishini inejubane layo elilungile umsebenzi. Ezimweni eziningi, emshinini umenzi ukhombisa inani lama-revolutions lapho kutholakala khona ukusebenza okuhle kakhulu umphumela. Uma sinquma ukuyothengaHhayi-ke, ama-drill kagesi abanjwa ngesandla ake sinake okungaphezulu Sekushiwo kakade: i-drill ene-moukuminyana kokulungiswa kwesivinini (noma usebenzisa ibhokisi legiya, kungaba nge variato electronicra), ngoba izinguquko eziphansi zibaluleke kakhulu kusukela ezinkulu.
 
Mhlawumbe umbuzo ungaphakanyiswa kanjani ukuthi enkulu kangaka iyathengiswa inombolo yemodeli yesivinini esisodwa, ngezinye izikhathi ngezinombolo eziphakeme kakhulurpm (ngisho naseduze kuka-3000)? KusukelaI-vor ilula: ugesi owenziwe ngesandla ukubhoboza ukusetshenziswa ekhaya kuvela kusukela e-USA, izwe lapho umakhilesi sihlahla sinokubaluleka kwesigaba sokuqala. Ngakho-ke, ukukhiqiza ithuluzi lokucubungula izinkuniukuthi ngesikhathi kwakhiwa izindlu futhi ngokuvamile ekhulwinilarry nokubaza, kwakunengqondo. Amamodeli anethuba lokushintsha inomboloi revolutions, usebenzisa gearbox noma eleci-tron variator, yavela kamuva kuphela, ngokukhetha okwengeziwe izesekeli ezahlukene for the sokuprakthiza kanye yayo ukuyisebenzisa njengemoto yokushayela amathuluzi emishini ehlukahlukene. Ngoba cha usuku luyahamba kungaphumi omusha imodeli yemishini eyengeziwe, okuyinto kakhulu kwandisa amathuba okusebenzisa i-drill, ngakho-ke abakhi babenza ngcono kakhuluvaju, futhi ikakhulukazi i-drill enokuningi isivinini. Kungengezwa futhi ukwanda kokungena kwama-drill anjalo Imakethe yaseYurophu lapho izinkuni ezindlini alimelwe kakhulu, futhi liyakhula ukusetshenziswa kwezivivinyo zemisebenzi eqondiweIu, edinga isivinini esiphansi obrmncane.
 
Ukubhoboza nge-drill kagesi
 
I-drill kagesi ingenza cishe noma yini izimo zokushintsha i-punch manualcu ngamagiya okusondeza inani lokuphenduka kwekhanda. Kodwa angeke buyisela ikhodi yokubhoboza isandla sendololwane umsebenzi othile wokubaza, njengobhavu sidinga ukubhoboza izimbobo eziyizimpumputhe, noma izimbobo ezinkulu ezinobubanzi. Okokubhoboza imbobo ezindongeni, (ngaphandle kwe-armiraukhonkolo, isitini esigcwele netshe) ukuze kufakwe izinto ezifakiwe, osebenza ngogesiku-drill, ikakhulukazi uma isebenza yodwa ngaphansi kwe-rpm ephezulu, hhayi ngaphambiliinikeza okuncamelayo okwengeziwe kumanuwali nge-wall drill. Ngeke sithole chaekongeni okukhulu hhayi ngomzamo noma ngesikhathiimenyu, futhi uma siyiphatha ngokungafanele, moYize sizokwenza umonakalo omkhulu (ukuphula udaka ezungeze umgodi, yebo vula i-oval noma imbobo ebanzi kakhulu, nokunye). Uma senza isitelekange-drill, futhi inamandla kakhulu, ngokuqinisekile sizokwenza kube lula kakhulu kithi futhi sisheshise umsebenzi, kodwa nalapho kufanele sisebenzedemo ngokucophelela, ngoba nale modeli i-drill bit ingena kalula futhi ngokushesha emgodini, ngakho-ke asiboni nokuthi isikhathi esingakananiside, futhi singalimaza amapayipi amanziukufakwa kwamanzi, igesi noma ugesition, nawo wonke ama-conductor kuwo. Ngakho-ke, kungcono ekuqaleni sisebenzisa amathuluzi ezandla, nakagesi ukubhoboza, ikakhulukazi nge- impact pogonom, masiyisebenzise kuphela uma sesiyitholile isipiliyoni esithile.
 
Izinsimbi zokubhoboza okuvunguzayo zensimbi
 
I-drill kagesi ingaba ifakwe ezihlukahlukene kakhulu wanezelaimishini kanjalo nesilinganiso semisebenzi angakwazi ukuwenza anda kakhulu. Nokho, ngokuvamile iqala ngokuhwebangethuluzi eliboshwe ngokuqondile bhoboza ikhanda. Ngokuqinisekile, sizokwenza kuqala thola ama-drill bits. Izinhlobo ezimbili eziyisisekelo izivivinyo okufanele sibe nazo kokubili kwensimbi yensimbi nokunye okubizwa uyawabona ama-drill amathiphu awo asuka manje izinsimbi eziqinile. Sizothola amakhithi zazo zombili izinhlobo, ezikalini ezikhulayo ngesigamu semilimitha, noma ngisho nangengxenye ingxenye yesine yemilimitha, uma sifuna ukubhekana nami kuphelahanikom.
 
Isethi yokuqala ye-twist drills kusuka yensimbi yensimbi enesivinini esikhulu ube mkhulu kancane. Izingcezu zokubhola ezisikwa ngokusheshaumlenze wensimbi, nakuba ushibhile, we balahlekelwa i-blade yabo isikhathi esifushane futhi ayisebenzinomsebenzi wasekhaya wabasakhulayo. Ikona ngenxa yokuthi kunezinsimbi eziningi zokubhobozaLola kakhulu kunokujwayelekile imicabango futhi asikwazi neze ukukufeza ekhaya, ngisho nokusetshenziswa kwe-sander yetafulace ngedivayisi yokubamba i-drill bit nge-engeli elungile futhi enika amandlaukuze i-drill bit iphenduke kancane kancane umshini wokugaya ubukhali. Kusukela lomfana burI-Gia ayibizi, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba nayo zilahle kunokuthi uzilole. Uma sebehambape singazigcina ngasehlathiningokhuni, okuyinto ngokuvamile ayidingi ikakhulukazi ama-drill bits acijile. Ngingasinika ingasetshenziselwa nokumba amathayili e-ceramicchip ngesando.
 
ukubhoboza izingcezu 
Ubona ama-drill bits
 
Isethi yesibili, kusukela kulokho okubizwa ngokuthi i-vidia drill (igama livela kweyokuqala enkampanini eyethule umshini wokusika emakethe ithuluzi izindwani ezishiselwe amathayela ensimbi eqinile) akudingeki ukuze zibe ziningi njengeyangaphambili. Kunzima insimbi iyimpahla yokwenziwa (ingxube izinhlamvu zensimbi nezimpushana ezingaphansi bashise ngomfutho baze batholakale ama-compact alloys) atholakala kuwo okusanhlamvu kanzima kakhulu carbide, tungsten noma i-titanium, kanye nomunye minaubumba olusebenza njengesibopho, okuyi ngokuvamile i-cobalt. Izinhlamvu ezimbili ezincaneizingcezu zalezi zinsimbi eziqinile ziyashiselwa emaphethelweni amabili asebenzayo we-bur ephezulugies. Ngale ndlela, ama-blades abe buthuntu ngemva kwesikhathi eside kakhulu kodwa ama-blades enziwe ngezingcono kakhulu izinsimbi zamathuluzi. Futhi, wabona ama-drill bits bangakwazi ukusingatha isivinini sokuprakthiza esiphezulu ngoba kunjalo ukumelana kakhulu namazinga okushisa aphezuluizicubu ezikhula ngesikhathi sokumba. Yiqiniso, zibiza kakhulu kunezivunguvunguwokubhoboza amathuluzi anesivinini esikhulu insimbi.
 
Ukubhoboza ukhonkolo oqinisiwe
 
Ukuzivocavoca kwe-Vidia kuyasivumela endlini sibhoboza imigodi ezinsikeni, noma ophahleni lukakhonkolo oluqinisiwe. Sizokwenza lokho ngokucophelela, ngababili nantathu imizamo. Okokuqala sizokwenza umgodi ububanzi obuncane (nge-drill of 3mm ngokwesibonelo), sizobe sizokwenzaukubhoboza futhi ngezingcezu zokubhola ezibanzi, iyunithinoma kabili, size sithole umgodi wobubanzi obufunekayo (kufika ku-maxcishe 10 mm). Ngezimbobo ezinkulu ububanzi, sidinga ukuthatha i-drill nge- impact drive kanye ne-crown burigiju (ingaphakathi elingenalutho, elinamazinyo asakazwa ngaphambili eduze komjikelezo wendilingahhayi).
 
Phela, zonke izingcweti ziyahwaqabala uma zenza ikhuluma ngokumba ukhonkolo oqinisiwe, ngoba ama-drill bits alimele nakanjani (i angeke zisasetshenziselwa minatal), kanye nokuqhekeka kungase kwenzeke ama-drill ngokwawo. Ekugcineni, kukhona natiikhono lokubhoboza izimbobo ukuze abe ngokwedluleleunxantathu, oval noma oblique. Kodwa, endlini kuqhathaniswa kuyaqabukela isondela sokumba arkakhonkolo onganyakazi nangosizo lwencazeloinqubo kanye nesineke kancane ngokuvamilekodwa umuntu uyaphumelela kulelo bhizinisi.
 
Amathuluzi esandla ane-shaft ye ukubopha ekhanda likagesi izivivinyo
 
Kunamathuluzi amaningi ahlukile kuwo drill ngakho-ke kufanelekile eminye imisebenzi, ngendlela efanayo sinamathisela ekhanda le-drill (ngokushoamandla ensimbi yensimbi ethwala ithuluzilapho). Lawa ngokuyinhloko amathuluzi okugaya yomumo nobukhulu obuhlukene (ye-skidamakhasi ensimbi), okugaya amalungaimithungo emisha. Khona-ke, kukhona i-glodaci, bese kuba amabhulashi ensimbi ngocingo amafayibha ahambisanayo noma ama-radially ngaphesheyaibekwe maqondana ne-eksisi yokuzungezisanja, futhi esiyisebenzisela ukususa upende nokugqwala phezu kwensimbi. Asekhona amarabha ama-discs esibeka kuwo ama-grinding mai-terial yokucubungula kahle izingxenye zensimbiyenziwe yaba ngcono kunensimbi thamakamu, uboya bokupholisha insimbi, njll. Akunakwenzeka ukunikeza umbono ogcwele lapha yazo zonke izinhlobo zamathuluzi ajikelezayo ngesenzo se-bu kagesispike angasebenzisa. Kukho konke icala, ngensimbi efakwe kahlekukhona amakhathalogi ezitolo zendawo kulawa mathuluzi, futhi sizowathola lapho kalula kakhulu okudingayo kokuthile okuqondile umsebenzi, futhi uthole ulwazi mayelana ezintsha imikhiqizo ephuma ku-proama-derivations.
 
amathuluzi ajikelezayo
Ikhebula lesandiso
 
Okukodwa okungeziwe okukhethekile, noma okungcono, bobabili ndawonye, ​​sivumele ukuba ithuluzi eliguquguqukayo elichazwe ngenhla, bhekasidinga umsebenzi olula nongconoisikhundla nom. Lezi zifanelekile indawo lapho i-drill ixhunywe khona (wonke umkhiqizi unalo ekukhetheni kwabo izingxenye zamamodeli abo okubhola) kanye ukudluliswa okuguquguqukayo - i-rotary eyodwa ikhebula elinesibambo nekhanda elifanayo ne okubuye kube yinhloko yokubhoboza, lapho ingakwazi khonaunganamathisela noma yikuphi kwalokhu okukhulunywe ngakho amathuluzi esandla. Ngale ndlela, i-drill singaqinisa futhi ithuluzi liholazan cable ukubeka endaweni engcono kakhulu isikhundla somsebenzi. Ngendlela, izintambo ezinjengalezi akhiqizwa ngobude obuhlukahlukene (ngisho futhi ngaphezu kwemitha).
 
Ngakho-ke, susa okunye okuthunyelwe kocingo, kusukauku-ayina ifenisha, i-polyrati ezinye izindawo zensimbi, eziningi kulula ngalesi sisekeli, kunokuba lapho sidinga ukugcina yonke i-drill ingaphakathi izandla kanye nokulihambisa ngezindlela ezahlukene izikhundla. Kubalulekile ukuthi ume obambe i-drill abe kahle adjkwenziwe.
 
 bhora esitobhini
 
Ezinye izesekeli zikagesi ezengeziwe i-drill
 
Izitolo zinikeza ukuhlukahluka okwengeziwenog izesekeli zokuzivivinya kagesi okuyinto endaweni ethile phakathi kwengezwenog izesekeli kanye ekhethekile, ekhethekile amathuluzi omshini. Ngakho, isibonelo, ingathola i-screwdriver elayishiwe entwasahlobo kanye nokuhlangana kwe-friction okucishe kube yi-approxamakhotha ku-drill kagesi, avuliwe indawo yekhanda. Lapho ucindezelwa, i-screwdriver iqala ukuphenduka (iyadingeka low speed drill) kusukela ezimbili kwesici sokuhlanganisa bambelela kokukodwa kanye nomunye futhi adlulisele ukunyakaza okujikelezayo kusukela kumotho kagesi ukuya ekugcineni kwe-screwdriver. Uma ucindezela kakhulu, kulapho i-screwdriver ixega iphotha ngokushesha. Idivayisi efanayo can ifakwe okhiye be-tubularma, futhi ukuze isebenze ukuqinisa isikulufuyena namantongomane. Shesha ngaleli thuluzisizokonga isikhathi esiningi uma sidinga ukuyiqaqa noma ukuyikruqula inqwaba yezikulufo. Ekuqaleni byukubeka isikulufu kwenziwa ngesandla, kodwa kamuva ukuklolodela okude nokukhathazayo yenziwa kusetshenziswa i-bu kagesiama-spikes.
 
Esinye isengezo, esisethiwephakathi kwe-drill kanye nesokhethi vumelaukunciphisa nokulungisa isivinini izivivinyo. Kuyinto idivayisi ukuthi shintsha i-voltage usebenzisa ama-strips. Kulokho indlela kwakuphakathi kokuthi i-drill noma enye intoumshini onomshini kagesi guqulela kumodeli enekhono izinguquko zejubane.
 
Kukhona futhi izesekeli ezengeziwe ezingasetshenziswa ogibele ekhanda le-drill nokuthi iyiphi i-omogush ukuqoqa, ngesikhathi somsebenzi, sawdust noma uthuli (uma usebenza odongeni noma usilingi). Njengesisekeli esengeziwe se ama-drill kagesi nawo enziwa i-adapezivumela ukuthi zibekwe kumathuluzi ekhanda lokuprakthiza obekungenjalo yayidinga ikhanda elikhulu noma elehlukile. Njengohlobo lwethuluzi, kukhona nophephela evumela ukuthi i-drill isetshenziswesizoba njengomxubi wopende odongeni, ama-varnish, nezingxube ezihlukahlukene ze-gu encaneizothini. Esimweni sokugcina, uma kunjalo ihlanzwe kahle, ingasebenza njenge mixer ekhishini futhi.
 
Njengoba konke kodwaamathuluzi akhethekile amasha namasha kanye nezinsiza, akuphumi embuzweni ukulandelwa ngezikhathi ezithile ukuthi ochwepheshe abavakashelayo bentuthukohhayi izenzo.
 
i-drill kagesi endaweni yokumisa
Isitendi sokubhoboza
 
Emisebenzini yemishini, ngokuvamile moihlombe ukubhoboza izimbobo ngokunembile ezindaweni ezithile, noma ezincane izifundo. Yingakho abakhiqizi ukubhola ngesandla ukuletha okukhethekileezisekelweni ezine-lever eyehlisayo noma ukuphakamisa i-drill. Ekhasini elingezansicha, isitendi sisesimweni setafula elincane lapho i-workpiece ibekwe khona. Ngaphambi kokuthi siqale ukusebenza, kufanele silungise i-workpiece usebenzisa i-flat vise. Yima (yima) futhi i-drill yenza itafulanu drill - umshini ongekho opkufinyeleleka kuzo zonke izinkundla zokucobelelana ngolwazi umakhenikhaikhama Nge-slang bakubiza ngokuthi "imizwa".va", ngoba ingcindezi ye-drill ingaphambiliikwazi ukuzwa futhi ilawule okuqondiwe kahle phezu kwesigqoko, ukuze lowo osiphathayo ngomshini uyazi kahle ukuthi i-drill bit lingena ngendlela efanele.

Izihloko ezihlobene