Ukomisa ngokwenziwa komthi

Ukomisa ngokwenziwa komthi

Ukomisa okwenziweyo kwenziwa kumagumbi okumisa akhethekileyo kwaye kwenziwa ngokukhawuleza kunokomisa kwendalo. Igumbi lokumisa liyindawo evaliweyo yesimo soxande, apho umoya ufudumala ngokukhethekileyo okubizwa ngokuba yi-ribbed tubes, apho ijikeleza i-steam, engena kuyo isuka kwigumbi lokubilisa. Kwizomisi zegesi, izinto zomiswe ngeegesi ezivela kwigumbi lokutsha kusetyenziswa isixhobo esikhethekileyo,
Ukufuma okuphuma ngumphunga emthini kuzalise umoya, ngoko ke kuyasuswa kwisomisi, kwaye umoya omtsha, ongenamanzi ophantsi uziswa endaweni yawo ngeendlela ezikhethekileyo zokubonelela. Ngokomgaqo wokusebenza, oosomisi bahlulwe babe basebenza ngamaxesha athile kunye nabo basebenza ngokuqhubekayo.

Kwi-dryers esebenza ngezikhathi ezithile (umzobo 19), izinto eziphathekayo zibekwe ngaxeshanye. Emva kokumisa, izinto eziphathekayo zisuswa kwi-dryer, ukukhutshwa kwe-steam kwisixhobo sokufudumala kumisiwe, kwaye i-batch elandelayo yezinto ezomileyo zizaliswe.
 Isityalo sokumisa, esisebenza ngokuqhubekayo, siqukethe i-corridor enye ukuya kwi-36 m ubude, apho ii-wagonettes ezinezinto ezimanzi zingena kwelinye icala, kunye ne-wagonettes enezinto ezomileyo zishiya kwelinye icala.
Ngokwemvelo yokuhamba komoya, i-dryer ihlulwe ibe yinto ejikelezayo yendalo, eyenzeka ngenxa yokuguqulwa kobunzima obuthile bomoya kwi-dryer, kunye ne-dryer nge-pulse circulation, ephunyezwa ngumlandeli omnye okanye ngaphezulu.

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Sl. 19 Isixhobo sokomisa esisebenza ngamaxesha athile ngokujikeleza kwamanzi endalo 

Izixhobo zokomisa ezisebenza ngokuqhubekayo zahlulwe zibe zizixhobo zokumisa - xa umoya uqaliswa ukuhlangabezana nentshukumo yezinto ezomisiweyo, kunye nezomisi ezihambelanayo - ukuba ulwalathiso lwentshukumo yomoya oshushu luyafana nolwalathiso lokuhamba izinto eziphathekayo, kunye nezo zisebenza ngokujikeleza komoya onqamlezileyo, xa ukuhamba komoya oshushu kuqhutyelwa kwi-directional perpendicular ukuhamba kwezinto (umzobo 20).

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Sl. 20 Isixhobo esomileyo esinojikelezo lomoya obuyela umva onamandla; 1 - fan, 2 - iiradiyetha,

I-3 - iziteshi zokubonelela, i-4 - i-drain channels

Ukuba isantya sokuhamba komoya kwi-dryer, esidlula kwizinto ezomisiweyo, sidlula i-1 m / sec, ngoko olu hlobo lokumisa lubizwa ngokuba lukhawuleza. Ukuba, ngexesha lokumisa, umoya oshushu odlulayo kwizinto ezomileyo, utshintsha indlela yokuhamba, kwaye isantya saso sidlula i-1 m / sec, ke le ntshukumo ibizwa ngokuba yi-reverse movement, kunye nezixhobo zokomisa zibizwa ngokuba yi-dryer kunye ne-accelerated, i-reverse air circulation. .
Kwi-dryers kunye nokujikeleza kwendalo, isantya somoya esidlula kwizinto ezomileyo singaphantsi kwe-1 m / sec.
Iibhodi ezigqityiweyo * okanye izinto ezigqityiweyo zinokomiswa. Iibhodi ezimele zomiswe zifakwe kwiitroli (umzobo 21).

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Sl. 21 iinqwelo ezisicaba

Amaplanga amade kufuneka apakishwe kwiinqwelo ezisicaba (fig 21). Ii-slats ezomileyo ezinobunzima be-22 ukuya kwi-25 mm kunye nobubanzi be-40 mm zisetyenziswa njengeepads. I-coasters ibekwe enye ngaphezu komnye ukuze yenze umqolo othe nkqo (umzobo 22). Injongo yeepads kukudala izikhewu phakathi kweebhodi ukuze umoya oshushu udlule ngokukhululekileyo kwizinto ezomisiweyo kunye nokususa umoya ogcwele umphunga wamanzi. Izithuba phakathi kwemiqolo ethe nkqo yeepads zithathwa kwiibhodi ezinobunzima be-25 mm - 1 m, kwiibhodi ezinobunzima be-50 mm - 1,2 m. Iipads kufuneka zibekwe ngaphezu kweepali ezinqamlezileyo - yintoni kwi-wagonette.

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Sl. 22 Indlela yokupakisha amaplanga asarhayo ukuze omiswe ngelixa ugcina imigama echanekileyo phakathi kweepads

Ukucwangciswa okungacwangciswanga kweepads kunokubangela ukuvuthuza komoya kwemithi esarha. Ekupheleni kweebhodi, iipads kufuneka zihambelane namacala angaphambili eebhodi okanye zibe ne-overhang encinci, ukwenzela ukukhusela iiseli ekuhambeni okukhulu komoya oshushu. Xa iindawo ezenziweyo zomisiwe, zibekwe kwiitroli kunye neepads ezenziwe ngamalungu ngokwazo, i-20 ukuya kwi-25 mm ubukhulu kunye ne-40 ukuya kwi-60 mm ububanzi. Umgama phakathi kwemiqolo emi nkqo yeemethi akufanele ube mkhulu kune-0,5 - 0,8 m.

Amanqaku anxulumeneyo