upholstery yefenitshala

Ukutshintshwa kwefenitshala egugileyo kunye ne-upholstery yomnyango

Upholstery wefenitshala
 
Upholstering inkqubo - oku akukho konke elula kwaye ke ngoko kucetyiswa kuphela kwabo banezandla ezibukhaliumsebenzi - siya kuchaza umsebenzi omnye rhoqo, ukubaukunyathela isitulo sengalo.
 
Umsebenzi uqala ngokuqhaqha i-armchair endala. Ngexesha logqatsokufuneka ubeke ingqalelo ngokukhawuleza kwiiflaps kwaye ukhumbule isakhiwo se-upholstery kwaye ulumke ukuba ungonakalisi izinto, kuba siza kuyisebenzisa kwakhona. Kodwa makhe sibone ukuba unjani lo mbandela efunekayo kwi-upholstery? Okokuqala, iimpendulo ziyafunekaizigcwalisi ezivuthayo: ingca yolwandle, indiza yeflakisi, uboya bekotoni, ubuninzi beenwele zezilwanyana ezahlukeneyo okanye, yintoni eyona nto isebenzisa: i-laticel kunye nemathiriyeli yogwebu iiteyiphu (i-textile, irabha kunye nentsimbi), amalaphu angaphakathi (i-twill, i-molino, ilaphu lelinen), imithombo kunye nezinye iipropu zephepha lodonga (iphepha, intambo, intambo, intambo yokuhombisa, izikhonkwane zokuhombisa) kwaye ekugqibeleni ilaphu, isikhumba okanye isikhumba sokwenza ukugquma. Kakade ke, isixhobo esifanelekileyo siyafuneka: isando, isixhobo sokukhupha izinto kunye nezikhonkwane, ukuqinisa iteyiphu, inaliti ethe tye negobileyo, inaliti eneengcebiso ezimbini, iipliers, isikere, iteyiphu yokulinganisa, intambo yokuthunga kunye nezikere zentsimbi.
 
Ifanele ivulwe njani ifenitshala ephakanyisiweyo? Okokuqala kufuneka senze susa izikhonkwane zokuhombisa kunye nephepha lodonga ngabanye a uze ususe ilaphu lokugquma. Ukuba ilaphu lisengaphakathi ikwimeko entle, ke kufuneka icocwe ngokwekhemikhali, kwaye ukuba sele ikhona igugile, ngoko kufuneka sithenge entsha. Emva koko kufuneka susa i-molino (ilaphu eligqume uboya) kunye noboya. (Kuyacetyiswa ukuba endaweni yomqhaphu omdala ufake entsha.) Emva koko kufunekainokususa iseyile, ingca yolwandle, imithombo kwakunye nengca exhasayoke. Ukususwa kwe-afro (iinwele) kufuneka zicocwe ngokucokisekileyo uthuli kwaye ndikrwelwe kwakhona, okanye ukuba oko akunakwenzeka, ngoko ukusetyenzwa ngesandla. Ekugqibeleni, imithombo kufuneka ihlolwe kwaye itshintshweezaphukileyo nezizotyiweyo. Nathi simele buyisela iiteyiphu ezindala nezingoneliyo.
 
I-Armchair upholstery
 
Emva kokuchithwa, ukulungiswa kwezixhobo kunye nokufumana entsha izinto eziphathekayo zinokuqalwa nge-upholstery. Singenza njani phinda. i-upholstery ye-armchair? I-armchairs ene-upholstered ngokuqhelekileyo baxhotyiswe ngemithombo yamanzi ephakamileyo I-9-12 imithombo kwaye ukuba i-upholstery endala yayingenayo imithombo emininzi kufuneka yongezwe. (Isitulo sengalo sifuna inani elifanayo lemithombo, kuphela ngobude obuncinci.)
 
Imichilo kufuneka iqale ifakwe kwisakhelo somthi esicociweyo. Beka isiphelo setape kumda ophantsi wesakhelo kunye no-2 cm kudeukuba abethelelwe ukususela ekupheleni ngezikhonkwane ezithathu. Emva koko icandelo le-2 cm buyisela kwaye ulungise ngokuqinileyo ngezikhonkwane ezintlanu. Eminye imicwe treukuze babe nomgama ofanayo we-3-5 cm kunye nowokugqibela umqolo kwaye ubeke umqolo onqamlezayo wemicu ngokuthe nkqo kwaye imicu enqamlezileyo iphothene. Ibaluleke kakhulu ukuba imitya iqiniswe kakuhle kwaye ke ngoko, ngaphambili silungisa isiphelo samahhala, kufuneka sinyanzeliswe ngesixhobo soxinzelelo. Ukuba asinaso isixhobo esinjalo, sinokusebenzisa i-slat yokhuni edibeneyo kunye necandelo elijikelezayo. Tsitsalela irakhi kwindawo evulekileyo ye-slat kwaye ngokujija i-slat, esasiyicinezele ngaphambili kwicala lesitulo sengalo, siqinisa iteyiphu. Ngokuqinisekileyo ngokukhawuleza kunokuba kamvakuye, ilaphu elithambileyo kufuneka libekwe phakathi kwe-armchair kunye ne-slatukuze ungonakalisi izitulo ezikhazimlisiweyo.
 
Emva kokuqinisa iintambo, imithombo kufuneka ifakwe. Egqibelele zimithombo ezinemisonto emi-5-6. Imithombo kufuneka ibe baphumla kwiindawo ekuwela kuzo imicu, kuba ngaloo ndlela baya kuba namandla ethwele kufuneka ibe nkulu kwaye kufuneka ibekwe ukuze amagwegwe kubo iziphelo kumqolo omnye zijonge ekhohlo, kwaye kwelinye umgca ngasekunene. Imithombo ebekwe ngokufanelekileyo kufuneka ibe phantsi thunga isiphelo kwimicu, uze ubethelele izikhonkwane kwifreyimu, kwangokunjalo isalathiso ngomqolo wemithombo kwaye ubophe iintambo kwezi zikhonkwane intwasahlobo yokubopha. Enye incam yomtya mayibotshelelwe esikhonkwaneni; emva koko kwintwasahlobo nganye, ubophe intambo kwiindawo ezimbini, uyibophe ukuya emthonjeni kwaye ekugqibeleni ubophe kwisikhonkwane kwelinye] icala. Kwi imithombo kufuneka ibotshelelwe ngendlela efanayo kwicala elinqamlezayo ngokunjalo ukuba zilungiswe kumanqaku amane.
 
upholstery yefenitshala
 
Imithombo ebotshelelweyo kufuneka igqunywe ngelaphu lasentwasahlobo (jute ilaphu) kwaye ubophe ngokukhululekileyo isigqubuthelo ngezikhonkwane ze-upholstery isakhelo. "I-filler" ifakwe kwi-canvas yemithombo, umz. uhlaziyekile ukhula lwaselwandle. Isigcwalisi kufuneka sibekwe kuqala kwincam yesihlalo, emva koko embindini nakuloo myinge isetyenziswe xa uhleli Abayiva imithombo. Ekubeni sibeke ngokulinganayo i-filler sibeka i-canvas ephantsi, inqunywe kwi-sargia, kwaye okwethutyana siyiqinisa ngezikhonkwane. Sinokwenza ukulungiswa kokugqibela ukusukakungenziwa ngeendlela ezimbini: 1. qinisa i-canvas ngezikhonkwane phantsi kweencam zecala kwaye ngokwenza imiphetho sithunga: 2. serge unamathisele ngezikhonkwane kwisakhelo. Izikhonkwane ezifuna ukubethelwa zonke 6-8 cm, kuqala sichwetheza kuphela isiqingatha indlela, kubasisolula i-canvas kwaye siyitsale kwizikhonkwane kwaye emva koko sicofamo izikhonkwane ngokupheleleyo emthini.
 
Ukuthintela ukuzaliswa ekuhambeni, i-upholstery yonke kufuneka thunga ngemithungo elinganayo. Kweyokuqala umda wangaphandle we-upholstery kufuneka wamkelwe phakathi kweminwe eminekunye nobhontsi kunye nomnwe ophezulu malunga ne-5 cm ukusuka kwindawo yokuqala prodevak, kunye nezinye kumgama olinganayo ukusuka kule. Emva koko kuza ukucutshungulwa kwemiphetho ejikeleze isihlalo, kwindawo ethe nkqo macala kunye nakwi-backrest. Intlawulo kufuneka isetyenziswe kwakhona, lungisa kwaye, apho kuyimfuneko, tyhala kwi-filler ngenaliti. Ii-Upholsterers ziqhelene neentlobo ezininzi zokuthunga komphetho. Siza chaza kuphela ezona zilula. Okokuqala kufuneka wenze imiphetho kwi iikona ukuthintela itshaja ekutyibilikeni uze uqale kunye nokuthunga kokuqala kwi-4 cm ukusuka emphethweni. Inaliti kufuneka ifakwe ngesandla sokunene ukusuka ezantsi ukuya phezulu, kunye nekhohlo ukucudisa izinto i kwangaxeshanye susa ukungalingani okukhoyoimilinganiselo. Emva kokuthunga kokuqala, siqhubeka nokuthunga ngokuhambisa ukusuka ekhohlo ukuya ekunene kunye ngqo, 4-6 cm ubude prodevi.
 
Siqala ukuthunga okwesibini kumgama ukusuka emaphethelweni, kuba 2-2,5 cm ukusuka ekhohlo ukuya ekunene kunye prodevs ezifanayo. Ngoku sele kukho umgama phakathi kweevenkile ezizodwa kuphela 2 - 3 cm. Ngelixa uthunga ngesandla sokunene, emva koko ngesobunxele senza imiphetho kwaye sithambise isigcwalisi. Kuzo zombini ukuthunga udinga sebenzisa intambo elungileyo kwaye eyomeleleyo nasemva kwe-4 - 5 stitches ukusuka ezantsi macala ukubopha ukuthunga ukuze kamva, ukuba kuyimfuneko, ingaqinisa. Ngale nto, ekugqibeleni siyigqibile i-tapaki esezantsiamanxeba apho isinxibo esiphezulu sibekwe khona.
 
I-filler ayikwazi ukulungiswa rhoqo ukwenzela ukuba emva kokuthunga Ilaphu elisezantsi lithe tyaba ngokupheleleyo. Amaqhuma asele kunye ukungalingani kususwa yi-upholstery ephezulu. Phezulu imilo yokugqibela ye-upholstery inokusekwa ngokunyusa. Ngoko ke, uluhlu olutsha lokuzalisa kufuneka lubekwe kwinqanaba elisezantsi. Oku kuqinisekisa ukuthamba kunye nomgangatho osicaba we-upholstery. Okokuqala, kufuneka ugcwalise ama-depressions adalwe ngexesha lokuthunga imiphetho kunye nokuthunga, kwaye ke umaleko omtsha wokugcwalisa ubekwe kubukhulu be-2-3 cm. Kule njongo kungcono ukusebenzisa iinwele ezintle, i-laticel okanye i-foam material. Kwi-filler layer kwi ekugqibeleni, umgca omncinci woboya bekotoni kunye nemida yolu luhlu kufuneka ibekwe ngokulinganayo faka phantsi kwezinto zokuzalisa ukuthintela umhluzi kamva ingene ngelaphu "lelaphu lefenitshala".
 
Umsebenzi olandelayo kukubeka ilaphu lelinen kwi-scroeMolin. Eyona ndlela ilula yokuncamathisela olu lining jeste ukuthunga emphethweni. Imolino elungiselelweyo, enemilinganiselo yayo Tshatisa umphezulu upholstered, kufuneka ibuyiselwe kwi edges malunga ne-1 cm kwaye ugxininise kwiikona ezine ngezikhonkwane inxalenye ephakanyisiweyo. Emva koko ulungelelanise i-armchair ngononophelo, mhlawumbi uhlale phezu kwayo, ukuze i-molino ibambelela kakuhle kwi-upholstery kwaye igxininiswe kwakhona ngezikhonkwane. Imolino ecaba ngokupheleleyo, ngaphandle kwemibimbi, kufuneka athungelwe imiphetho ngemithungo evulekileyo.
 
Egqibelele. yi-upholstery kwaye igqunywe ngento evela kwicala elingezantsi impahla elukiweyo exineneyo ukuthintela amasuntswana ukuba angawi filler kwaye ngaloo ndlela ungcolisa umgangatho.
 
Ngoku imisebenzi yangaphakathi sele igqityiwe kwaye sinokufikautywala ukutyabeka. ukufaka i-upholstery. Okokuqala udinga ilaphu ukusika ubungakanani obufunekayo kwaye wolule kakuhle etafileni ukuze ingabi yolule kwaye idale ngokukhawuleza emva kokufakwa amaqhekeza. Ilaphu eloluliweyo kufuneka libekwe phezu komhlabayigqume uze uyibethelele ngesikhonkwane esinye kwiimbombo zone. Emva koko ubophe amacala amabini ngezikhonkwane, kunye namacala ahlukeneyoukuqinisa kunye nokubetha ngezandla zethu. Xa uqinisa kwaye Ulungelelwaniso kufuneka luqale phakathi ukuya emaphethelweni ukuphepha ukukrazula. Ukuqiniswa kufuneka kuqhubeke de umphezulu usicaba ngokupheleleyo. Kwiikona ilaphu kufuneka liqokelelwe ukwenzela ukuba imigoqo ilingane kwaye kusetyenzwa ngabathengisi abafihliweyo. Ingqalelo! Umphezulu nawo uyafuneka apha ukuba flat.
 
Ukuba sifuna ukubeka izinto zokuhlobisa kumaphethelo asezantsi e-armchair umtya, ngoko ukuqina kwendwangu kufuneka kwenziwe ngaphandle kwepoimbuyekezo, oko kukuthi yibethelele ngezikhonkwane zophahla lweplanga isakhelo kwaye ugubungele ngeenxa zonke ngobubanzi obufunwayo. Ukuba siyafuna sisebenzisa izikhonkwane zokuhlobisa, iingubo kufuneka zifakwe kuyo ukuya ezantsi kwesakhelo ukuze inxalenye ibuyiswe emphethweni welaphu kunye nobubanzi malunga ne-1 cm kwaye ibethelelwe kakuhle ngezikhonkwane ze-upholstery. Ekugqibeleni, sifaka izinto zokuhlobisa ngeenxa zonke kumda ongezantsi izikhonkwane, ukuqinisekisa ukuba zikumgama omnye.
 
Upholstery emnyango
 
I-Upholstery yeengcango isekupheleni kokwakhiwa kwazoenokwenziwa ngeendlela ezimbini. Enye indlela ifuna ukuba umnyango, esifuna upholster, sicaba ngokupheleleyo, kuba i-upholstery inokubekwa ngokuthe ngqo phezu komhlaba umnyango.
 
Imathiriyeli efunekayo
 
I-Insulation: izinto ezithambileyo zegwebu, ipleyiti yobukhulu 20-30 mm imilinganiselo ehambelana nemilinganiselo yomnyango (mhlawumbi ukusuka kwiziqwenga ezininzi). Ulayini: soft, elastic skunye nemilinganiselo eyi-10 cm enkulu kunemilinganiselo yomnyango. Iglu: uhlobo olukhawulezayo lokumisa izinto zeglue zokwenziwa. Izikhonkwane. izikhonkwane zokuhlobisa iphepha lodonga, ukulungisa izikhonkwane ukutshaya 16x16 (fig 1, inxalenye a.)
 
Izibambo zocango kunye nezitshixo zentsimbi kufuneka zichithwe kwaye emva koko zikhulule kwaye uzibeke kwindawo ethe tye. Zoba ngepensile isakhelo nge-1,5 cm ukusuka kumda (umzobo 1, inxalenye b). Upholstery ukuba uyafunawena wedwa ngelaa cala locango elibheke ngasesandleni, nangaphambili ngaphambi kokuba izibambo zichithwe, umnyango kufuneka uvalwe kwaye ube mhlophehlala ecaleni kwesakhelo ukuya kuthi ga apho i-upholstery iya kuhamba. Ukusuka kolu phawu lwe Isakhelo esitsha kufuneka sizotywe nge-1,5 cm ukuya ngaphakathi. Ipleyiti sika imathiriyeli yogwebu ngokuchanekileyo ngokwemilinganiselo yale yunithiisakhelo kwaye unqumle indawo yeshiti lokukhiya kuyo (umkhiwane 1, inxalenye s). Sifuna ubuso bomnyango kunye nomphezulu webhodi ye-foamgubungela ngeglue kwaye ubeke ngokucophelela izinto ze-foam kumhlopheindawo yomfazi kunye neglu (umkhiwane 1, inxalenye d.).
 
upholstery emnyango
UMBONISO 1
 
Emva koko kufuneka isasazwe ngeglue (ngokuphakamisa imida). emacaleni ebhodi ye-foam kunye nomgangatho ophantsi womnyango ecaleni kwesakhelo kububanzi obuyi-3 cm (umkhiwane 1, inxalenye e). Kufuneke si linda iglue ukuba "ibambe" kancinci ngesixhobo esicaba (umzekelo nge-screwdriver ebanzi) cofa ngononophelo kwaye ulungelelanise esezantsi umgca we-foam kwaye emva koko unamathele (umkhiwane 1, inxalenye f.) Izinto eziphathekayo kufuneka zibekwe kwisiseko esilungiselelwe ngale ndlela iilinen zesibhakabhaka, qinisa kwaye ulungise yonke i-5 - 10 cm ngezikhonkwane, ukwenzela ukuba izikhonkwane zibethelelwe kwisiqingatha kuphela. Emva koko i-skirt iyanqunyulwa, ishiya i-1 cm ukusuka kwi-drawed one okvrra (umzobo 1, inxalenye g).
 
Kwisitshixo, umgca unqunywe kancinci, emva koko indawo yokubamba kunye nokuvula kunqunyulwa izitshixo (umzobo 1, inxalenye h.) Isibhakabhaka sigxininise kwicala elingezantsi ngokuncamathelisa kwaye emva koko ukhwelise iphepha lokutshixa. Ukuqiniswa kwezikhonkwane kufuneka ikhutshwe ngabanye (umzobo 1, inxalenye i.) Kwaye ngokuqhubekayo buyisela imiphetho yesiketi kwaye uqinise kwakhona ukulungisa ukuya kutsho kwisiqingatha ngezikhonkwane ezibethelelwe ngaphakathi. Emva koku, kunye nokuqhubekakodwa ukususa izikhonkwane zokulungisa, iinzipho zokuhombisa (umkhiwane 1 inxalenye j) Okokuqala kufuneka ulungise iikona. Umgama ophezulu phakathi kweentloko zezikhonkwane unokuba 1-2 mm. Ukunyamekela kufuneka kuthathwe ukuqinisekisa ukuba umgca ugudile, okanye isikhonkwane, musa ukuba ngaphandle kwesakhelo esiphawulweyo.
 
Ukuba umphezulu wocango awusicaba kodwa uneendawo zokungena, cofautyando kufuneka lwenziwe ngesiseko esikhethekileyo. Kufuneka okongeziweyo impahla yale ndlela yokusebenza yile: plywood okanye ibhodi yokhuni iifiber ezinobunzima be-3-5 mm kwi-plate yesiseko kunye nemilinganiselo ye-po 3 cm encinci kunemilinganiselo yomnyango. Isibophelelo sokubopha: intambo yelinen okanye intambo encinci, amaqhosha okuhlobisa ane-omotom yesibhakabhaka.
 
upholstery
UMBONISO 2
 
Okokuqala, kuyimfuneko kwisiseko kunye nebhodi eyenziwe ngezinto ze-foam zoba igridi yokubeka amaqhosha (umgama phakathi kwawoimigca ethe tye kufuneka ibe yi-10 cm, kwaye imigca ethe nkqo ibe yi-7,5 cm). Imingxuma kufuneka igrunjwe kwi-intersection yale migca kwi-base plate kunye nobubanzi be-5 mm, kunye nezivulo ebhodini ezenziwe ngezinto ze-foam ububanzi 30-40 mm. Ukuvula kwibhodi yogwebusinokugrumba i-jala nge-punch yesikhumba (okanye xa kungekho yaloo nto, kunye nokungunda for scones imiphetho ezibukhali ngoxinzelelo kunye ikhiwane elijikayo. 1, inxalenye k.) Emva kokubhoboza imingxuma kufuneka ibe negwebu gcina izinto eziphathekayo (ngaphandle kokudibanisa imiphetho), beka umgca kunye Lungisa imiphetho yesiqingatha-ndlela ngezikhonkwane ezikhandiweyo. Intambo yelinen eqinile kunye ne-awl kufuneka ifakwe kwiimbobo zamaqhosha yokuthunga okanye ukuthunga inaliti ngamanqaku amabini ngokusebenzisa izivulo - (fig. 2). Emva kokufaka amaqhosha, umtya kufuneka uboshwe izikhonkwane ezibethelelwe phakathi zize zibethelelwe izikhonkwane zokuzilungisa. Ngoku sinokukhupha izikhonkwane ngazo isibhakabhaka silungisiwe kwaye uqinise i-base plate ngezikrufu ngomnyango. Eminye imisebenzi iyafana naleyo ichaziweyo ngaphambili. Siya kufezekisa umphumo ofanayo ukuba sithenga izinto ezizodwa izikhonkwane, iintloko esizinxiba nge-skairen. Sizoba kwi skirt ngetshokhwe yomthungi umnatha, sigqobhoza amanqaku ahambelanayo nge-awl kunye nesando izikhonkwane ngesixhobo ukuya kubunzulu obufunwayo. 
 
 

Amanqaku anxulumeneyo