iifayile

Ukusarha, ukufayila, malunga nokugrumba...

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Xa kuchazwa umsebenzi wokwenziwa kweenkuni, kwakukho amagama amaninzi malunga nenkqubo yokusika iinkuni. Ngokusisiseko, iphantse ibe njalo inkqubo efanayo yokusika isinyithi ngesarha. Sigcina isarha ngaphakathi indawo ethe tyaba ukwenzela ukuba izikhonkwane zamazinyo zibambe isinyithi (Umfanekiso 1).
 
isarha yokusika
UMBONISO 1
 
Ityala elikhethekileyo kukusika umbhobho. Ukuba isarha yasika udonga lugoba, amazinyo alo ngaxeshanye anqumle amacala amabini ombhobho, a oku kudla ngokubangela ukuba amazinyo aphuke. Ukuziphepha ezi ziphazamisi, ngexesha lomsebenzi sijika ityhubhu kwiimangal ngoko isarha yayisika icala elinye kuphela. Ukuba sinqumle umbhobho ibhityile, sifaka ibha yomthi engqukuva ngolu hlobo ukuba ibekwe ngokuqinileyo kwiindonga zombhobho. Ukuba iindonga imibhobho enobunzima obungaphantsi kwe-1 mm, siyinqumle ngesandla esincinci ngesarha ekroliweyo.
 

Ukufayilisha

 
Nanamhla oku, oomatshini bokutshixa benza iziqhulo ngabafundi baboakukho msebenzi wezandla xa bewathumela kwindawo yokugcina impahla bafuna igrisi yefayile. Kuyaziwa ukuba ioli kunye namafutha ziintshaba iifayile, kuba zithintela ukuhlukana kwamancinci amancinci ombaneilizwi. Umsebenzi wesi sixhobo sisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kukunceda icinezela ngamazinyo ayo, iifayile kwaye ngexesha elifanayo lisusa umaleko ongeyomfuneko wentsimbi. Ukuba iphantsi kwamazinyo amancinci i-lubricant, emva koko "abayikulumi", kodwa isilayidi kumphezulu wento ukwenzela unyango. Oku kulandela ukuba ifayile kufuneka igcinwe ngaphandle kwegrisi. Zisetyenziselwa ukucutshungulwa kwezinto ezahlukeneyo zetsimbi iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeefayile ezahlukeneyo ngobungakanani, imilo kunye indawo yokudlula.
 
Ubude beefayile buvela kwi-100 ukuya kwi-500 mm, kwaye ingaba flat, round, isemi-round, unxantathu kunye quadrangular.
 
Ngokohlobo lwe-toothing, sihlula i-coarse, i-semi-fine kunye neefayile ezilungileyo kabini. Xa ifayile igugile, ukusika kwayo inokuhlaziywa. Iifayile ezinjalo zitshiphu. Iyafakwa iphela ngencam ebukhali efakwe kwisiphatho somthi.
 
Kwiworkshop yasekhaya, kuyimfuneko ukuba neefayile ezahlukeneyo icandelo, umz. flat, isiqingatha-jikelele kunye neqhekeza elinye iifayile ezirhabaxa kwaye zicoleke kakhulu ubude be-150 mm. Iyafuneka kunye nenye iseti yeefayile ezinamazinyo amathathu, ubude 120 mm (indawo yokusebenza yefayile): flat, square, i-triangular, ingqukuva kunye nefayile yemela. Ezi fayile azinapobasebenzisa iziphatho zomthi, kuba zincinci kwaye zilungile ukuba zingasetyenziswa ngoko nangoko bamba ngezandla. Akuyomfuneko ukubonelela kunye nefayile ekhethekileyo yokufaka iintsimbi ezithambileyo (i-aluminium, yokukhokela).
 
Xa sifaka into ethile, siyibamba ngesandla sasekhohlo incam yefayile, kunye nesiphatho ngesandla sasekunene, ucinezela ifayile sitsala ngenqwelomoya enye kwaye ngale ndlela ifayile (umfanekiso 2). Sibeka i-workpiece kwi-vise ekuphakameni ingqiniba.
 
ukufayila
UMBONISO 2
 
Indlela yokufaka isinyithi ayifani kakhulu nangaphambili indlela eyaziwayo yokufaka imathiriyeli yomthi. Ngoku kasifuna ukubumba i-workpiece, sisebenzisa iifayile iprofayile efanelekileyo. Xa ufaka isiphelo sento, sibambe ifayile kwindawo ethe tye kunye ne-angle ye  I-45 ° ngokumalunga nomphetho okuphela kwayo kusondele kuthi ukuya esinye isiphelo. Ukubunjwa kwemiphetho yokusika, phantsi ngokuthe ngqo kwikona, siyenza ngefayile ethe tyaba ejike ezantsi (i-plane yesixhobo i-horizontal), kwaye ukususwa kweeleyile ezityebileyo kubanzi inxalenye yale fayile (umfanekiso 2).
 
Xa usebenzisa ifayile, isithuba phakathi kwamazinyo si igcwele kwaye isixhobo sibambe kancinci nangaphantsi. Ifayile kufuneka igudileyongetshokhwe ukuthintela ukuvaleka. Itshokhwe yomgubo onemoukuxinana kweentsimbi zokucheba phakathi kwamazinyo. Ukuba kwenzekile, siya kususa ukucheba ngebrashi yokufaka yobhedu. Xa sibeka iifayile asize sizishiye phezu komnye, kuba ingxabano inqumla intshabalalo. Kungcono ukuzisebenzisa emva kokusetyenziswa yixhome ukuze isiphatho sime nkqo. Njani masingaziqabi ngeoli, sizisule kwaye sizishiye kwindawo eyomileyo ukuze zingadleki.
 
Ekugqibeleni, ingcebiso enye kuphela: ifayile "ayibambi" intsimbi izixhobo kunye neentsimbi ezinzima. Banokuthi kuphela "benziwe buthathaka" ngokusantiya ipleyiti.
 

Malunga nokugrumba

 
Sele icacisiwe phantsi kodidi "umchweli endlwini". kwakukho kwakhona ukuthetha malunga spiral drills for ukomba metal, ngokuba ngoku siza kukhankanya imisebenzi embalwa nje.
 
Kufuneka sinikele ingqalelo ukuba ngexesha lokugaya i-axis ye-drill bit ayitshintshi indawo yayo kodwa ihlala ikwindawo enye kude kube sekupheleni njengoko wayenzile ekuqaleni kokugrumba isinyithi. Imingxuma yokwemba ii-arc axes ayikakwazi ukwenzeka nanamhlanje, ke iyenzeka rhoqo loo nto iinkosi abanamava musa ukuthumela nje abafundi babo ngaphandle lube yeefayile, kodwa kunye neebits zokomba zokomba imingxuma ye-arc.
 
Ukugrumba akufuneki kuqalwe ngaphandle kokumakisha kuqala iindawo zokugaya ngophawu - »kirner« (umfanekiso 3). Xa ubhobhoza umngxuma onzulu, i-drill bit isuswa amaxesha amaninzi kumngxuma imingxunya yokususa i-shavings. Ukuba i-drill bit iyatshisa, siyipholisa ngesepha enyibilikisiweyo emanzini, kwaye singaze siyipholise ngenye into ioli. Siza kususa i-drill drill bit ukusuka emngxunyeni, kunye nesalathisi ngeepliers nangokujika iipliers kwelinye icala iintshukumo ze-spiral groove. Ukuba i-drill ihlabe umsebenzi iqhekeza, kwaye inxalenye eyaphukileyo isala emngxunyeni, sinokuyinkqonkqoza nge-spike ibhukhmakhi. Ii-Thin twist drills ziphantsi koxinzelelo oluphezulu ngokulula kakhulu bayaqhekeza. Ubunzima be-drill bubanele ngumthwalo kubo. Xa uthenga, kufuneka uqinisekise ukuba i-drill ingangena kwi-chuck.
 
ukuphawula indawo yokomba
UMBONISO 3
 
Luluphi uhlobo lomngxuma oluya kugrunjwa luxhomekeke kuninzi lwangaphambili ukulungiswa komsebenzi. Ngoko ke, siza kubonisa ezinyeabasebenza imisebenzi ngexesha lokulungiselela.
 
Ngaphambi kokuba sigrumbe nayiphi na isinyithi, kufuneka siyiphawule ngokuchanekileyo indawo yokomba enemigca emibini enqumlana kwii-engile ezichanekileyo. Umbindi wokugrumba ubekwe kwindawo yokudibanisa le migca. Kuya kuba lula ukuzoba imigca ukuba ihambelana nemiphetho workpiece, kwaye singakwenza oku ngokusebenzisa intsimbi i-angle - i-knife-edge angle. Iindawo zokugrumba ezi ngokulinganayo kude omnye komnye siphawula ngekhampasi eyentsimbi, kungekhona ngesikali sesinyithi. Masiphawule ezimbini zokuqala iindawo zokugrumba kwaye uzobe umgca othe ngqo omde phakathi kwazo. Sebenzisa i-screwdriver yesinyithi ukuhambisa isithuba phakathi kwezimbini zokuqala amanqaku kumgca obonisiweyo. Kwaye ke siphawula ezinye iindawo ukugrumba.
 
Gxilisa iindawo eziphawulweyo ngesiphawuli ukuya phezulu i-drill bit ayinakutyibilika. Isiphawuli sokumakishwa kwamachaphaza beka incam kwindawo ethile, kodwa uthambekele kancinci, ngoko emva kokulungiswa, sibetha isiphelo samahhala ngehamile.
 
Imizimba esebenzayo, ngaphambi kokugaya, kufuneka ilungiswe kakuhle. Yale amathuba amaninzi abonelelwa. Iprofayili yensimbi "U" ifakwe kuyo itafile yomsebenzi usebenzisa i-step washer, screwngayo okanye ngesiqwenga se "U« iprofayili, eyasikwa ngesarha indlela efanelekileyo.
 
Sinokubhobhoza umda wentsimbi exande - winkle.  Ngaphambili, sifaka umda we-winkle kwaye siphawule indawo buukuthunga ngenaliti kunye nezixhobo zokumakisha amachaphaza kangangoko kunokwenzekaguzava ukugrumba intsimbi engile. 
 
ukuqiniswa kwemivalo engqukuva enqamlezileyo
UMBONISO 4
 
Ukuqinisa iintonga zecandelo elijikelezayo, kufanelekile ukwenza, ibamba elikhethekileyo elenziwe ngentsimbi egobileyo esicaba (itoti kunye nesikhokelo esiyimfama) enemisonto enentongomane eziphelweni (umfanekiso 4). Singayamkela imibhobho ngestirrup nge zaukujikeleza. Le ndlela ikuvumela ukuba singagcini nje ngokugrumba kodwa kunye nokusika imibhobho. Siya kuthintela ukuhamba kwentsimbi ye-angle ukuba kwi-cross-cut yakhiwe cut masibeke enye umlenze we-engile. Ukuba i-engile imfutshane, siyayamkela ibamba kunye ne-drill. Semba i-ayini emfutshane ecaba ngokuyicinezela ngesibambiso. (umfanekiso 5).
 
ibamba
UMBONISO 5
 
Umngxuma akufanele ube nzulu kakhulu, ukuba asifuni ukubhola i-workpiece. Oku kufumaneka ngokulula ukuba kwi-drill, ukulungelelanisa ubunzulu bomngxuma, sibeka enye umsesane obhijelweyo, okt. yiqinise kwi-drill bit umda. Phambi kokomba imingxunya emikhulu edayamitha (umz. 8 mm) yomba i-workpiece nge-drill bitana encincinika (umz. nge-diameter ye-4 mm). Kule nto, i-insole enzima ayiyi kuwayitya Umngxuma wezikrufu ugrunjwe ngaphambili, kwaye emva koko ugrunjwe ngenxa yentloko yesikrufu. Ukungcwaba intloko ye-screw kwenziwa ngayo ngokwandisa ngaphambili kunye nokuwenza nzulu umngxuma. Ububanzi i-drill bit yokwenza nzulu umngxuma kufuneka ibe nkulu kancinane ukusuka kububanzi bentloko ye-screw.
 
Indawo yokuzivocavoca inempembelelo enkulu kwiminyaka yabo ubude bexesha. Esona sisombululo silula seendawo zokuqhuba izindlu sisinye i-lath yobukhulu obukhulu, apho sisebenzisa iidrili zethu ngokuthe nkqo iindawo ezigrunjiweyo zeendawo zabo zokuhlala (nangona oku kugrunjwa kweenkuni ayisebenzisi i-cartridge, ukusetyenziswa okunye akuyonakalisi).
 
Kwimingxuma enjalo egrunjiweyo, emva kokucoca kunye nokuthambisa okulungileyovanja, sibeka amasuntswana e-drill kunye ne-roller ekupheleni ngokuthe tye phantsi. Isakhelo sendlu ye-drill kufuneka singathambeki ecaleni; kucetyiswa ukuba ujije i-batten ukuya ezantsi okanye ecaleni izixhobo zokubeka.
 
KuMfanekiso 6 siza kubonisa ii-engile ze-spiral drill ezisetyenziselwa iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zemathiriyeli yokusebenza ngokunjalo indlela yokubumba i-blade kunye ne-roller part.
jija iikona zokuqhuba
UMBONISO 6

Amanqaku anxulumeneyo