i-drill yombane

I-drill yombane (amacandelo, iindidi zokuqhuba, indlela yokusebenza)

I-drill yombane
 
Indlela yokufikelela ngokuchanekileyo oomatshini
 
Kwiivenkile namhlanje unakokunye nokukhethwa ngokubanzi koomatshini abancinci kunye noizincedisi nim kunye nezincedisi kunye ezikhethekileyonim izixhobo, apho kunokwenzeka ukwandisa kakhulu intsimi yomsebenzi. Kufuneka ukukhankanya, nangona kunjalo, ukuba kunokoiingxoxo ngoomatshini abanjalo zihlala zingcono funda ukwenza izixhobo zezandla njengoko sinokuthi kamva senze zombiningomatshini. Ngaloo ndlela siza kwenza njalo ukwazi ukufumana uhlobo oluchanekileyo lomatshini esiyifunayo, kunye nayoizincedisi ukuthetha, manualskunye neemfuno esele zimisiwe. Kwi ekugqibeleni, siya kukwazi umatshini ngokufanelekileyo ukusebenzisa. Kulungile ukujonga ngaphambili izigqibo zokuthenga, nokuba zenziwa kwaphela uyahlawula. Umsebenzi ofanayo owenziwe ngesandla somnqwenokunye nexesha elininzi kunye nomgudu; ohuloliwe, ngokwenxalenye yawo, uneyakhe ixabiso ixabiso, kuthatha indawo, appukugcina kwakho. Yiyo loo nto kukuhle ukuselaKunzima ukwazi ukuba umatshini uza kwenza malini na sebenzisa ngenyanga enye, okanye unyaka nokuba iya kukwazi ukubamba kwindawo ethile ngaphandle kobunzima.
 
Phantse sonke sikholelwa ukuba kancinane siya kukwazi ukuyenza ngokukhawuleza kwaye kulula nge poamandla omatshini into esingakwaziyo ukuyenza ukwenza ngesixhobo sesandla. Ebuninzinikwiimeko ezininzi yinkohliso. Ekubeni sifumene umatshini ngeizixhobo zokukhohlisa, emva kochungechunge yemizamo engaphumelelanga siyishiya kwaye I worse sishiye yonke lento intsimi yomsebenzi. Indoda ngokwenene ihlala uqinisekile ukuba iqela lemisebenzi, leyo ngumatshini ocetyiweyo, ngokulula ngaphaya kwamandla akhe. Ngokwenene, indlela esengqiqweni bekufanele ukuba ilandelwe: kuqala funda ukuyenza ngesandla, kwaye kuphela emva koko ukuthenga umatshini.
 
Ngubani owaziyo ukusebenzisa i boo manualnge-spike, iya kuba yinto engalunganga, okanye ngomqolongesiphumo esifunekayo, sebenzisa i i-drill yombane. Ngubani ongayazi loo nto iibhodi zeesarha, iipaneli okanye iilathi iisaha zesandla, ziya kufumana iziphumo ezingalunganga nge-chainsaw, ngomngcipheko wokwenzakala, ngakumbi ngeesarha ezijikelezayo. Ngubani ongayazi loo nto lola itshizi ngelitye elibukhaliMena, akayi kukwazi ukwenza oko nkqu kumjikelo i-motor sander. Isidlo sasemini esinyeukuqeqeshwa emilenzeni ke ngoko ngokuqinisekileyo kuyimfuneko ngaphambi kokuba sifike ukusebenza ngoncedo loomatshini nayo yonke into yabo ezongezo ezininzi.
 
I-drill yombane
 
Ngokwezibalo, e-USA ezisibhozo usapho lweshumi lunomnye i-drill yombane, kunye neVelika Briubhitye ube sithandathu kwabalishumi. I-drill yombaneubuso bunokusetyenziselwa ukomba ukuvula, kunokubekwa kwindawo yokumisa kwaye isetyenziswe njengoqheliso lwetafile (njenge "I-sensitive drill" yokwenyani kwimivumbonic workshop) okanye bangaya kuyo ncamathela izixhobo ezijikelezayo. Ewe Eweulusu ukuba lusebenze njengenjini yokushukumauthotho obhityileyo lokuqhubeka ezahlukeneyo pretvaukusika kwisarha yomngxuma, isarha isarha, okanye nakwi lathe yomchweli wokwenene. Ngokusisiseko iquka i-lamellar umqokeleli ngeebrashi kwaye ukwimeko entle ewe, naphantsi komthwalo, iyaphuhla torque ephezulu. Injini iyaqala ishaft ethwele enye ejikelezayo ngaphezulu intloko enezibambi ezintathu ezilingana ngaphambilikufuneka zibotshelelwe kwishaft ye-drill bit okanye ezinye izixhobo zesandla. Ukuqiniswa kwenziwa ngesitshixo, kungenjalo kuyimfunekoumlenze we-accessory ohlala uhamba kunye ne-drillcus kwaye ehlelwe kufutshane nomphezulu. Isitshixo ibekwe emngxunyeni ohambelanayo kwaye inamazinyo ngegiya esithsaba iintloko. Oku kungenxa yokuba iyakhawuleza ukubamba isandla bekungayi kwanela ngokuqinileyo, kwaye usebenzise iqhosha elinotshingemihlathi yentsimbi kungakhokelela ngokukhawuleza umonakalo entloko ngokwayo.
 
I-drill yombane idla ngokuba nemilo ivolovolo, kwisiphatho apho kukho iswitshi unikezelo lwamandla emoto. Ngomnye ngamagama, ngokucofa iswitshiubuso buqala ukujika; yakhe ukuyikhulula kumisa i-drill. Ukongeza, phantse zonke iimodeli zine-sa icala, ecaleni kokutshintsha, iqhosha yokuthintela. Ngaloo ndlela i-drill iyaqhubeka nokusebenza nangona kunjalo sakhulula iswitshi. Ayibonakali njalo rhoqo xa kusonjwa, kodwa ubukhulu becalanom xa umbane drill coigquma njengenjini yoomatshini abahlukeneyo (umatshini wokungqusha, ilethe yokujika).
 
Amalungu angaphakathi
 
Izixhobo zombane zibekwe kwizindlukwanamalungu ayo asisiseko: umphini intloko ebanjwe kwirola eqinileyoibhedi esemazantsi ekhuselwe kwipraiireyile kwaye ayifuni mgangathoukuthambisa. I-motor shaft iyathumela ijikeleza kwi-shaft yentloko ye-drill ngokusebenzisa iperi enye yegiya kunye neemoto ifeni yokupholisa. Ikwisiphatho capacitor, enekepusi efanelekileyoi-citeta eqhagamshelwe kwiibhrashi zemoto, (umthamo uxhomekeke kwiimpawu ze-motora). Umsebenzi we-capacitor kuku ukunciphisa i-sparking phakathi kweebrashi kunye umqokeleli xa imoto yombane isebenza. Ukukhupha iintlantsi ngenye indlela bekuya kubangela ukuphazamiseka ekusebenzeni koonomathotholo nomabonakude kumagumbi angabamelwane (ukugquma kunye imigca ngapha kwekhusi), ngoko sele injalo lawula ukuba capacitors ngokuchasene Iziphazamiso zibandakanyiwe kuphela kwi-eleci-trike drills, kodwa nakuzo zonke izindlu izixhobo zombane ezixhaswa ngu motor kunye nomqokeleli kunye neebrashi.
 
bhora 
Isantya esisodwa sokuzivocavoca
 
Ngokwenene inikezelwa ezivenkileni namhlanje ukhetho olubanzi lwe-drills kunye nelo elikhulu umahluko kwiimpawu. Okokuqala kwaye eyona modeli ilula yeyona ilula kwaye inexabiso eliphantsiincinci, yakhiwe ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi njenge ichazwe ngasentla. Kuphela imilo iyatshintsha, ubunzima (ukusuka kwikhilogram kunye nesiqingatha ukuya ngaphezulu iikhilogram ezintathu), amandla (e-200 volts ukuya ngaphezulu kwe-400 volts) kwaye zahlukile diubungakanani beendawo zokubhola kunye nezixhobo ezinokusetyenziswa qinisa kwintloko ejikelezayo. Uninzi ngaphandle komqheba, i-drill nayo inokuncedisa umqheba obekwe ecaleni kwaye ilungisiwe kwimeko, kwaye yeyiphi i-omoguzava ukubamba kwaye uqhube ngcono drill ngexesha lokusetyenziswa.
 
Nangona kunjalo, uphawu olusisiseko lweli qela le-elecu-drill kathathu kufuneka ube kuphela isantya esinye sokusebenza, esinokuthi kwakhona kakhulu ukutshintsha ukusuka kwimodeli ukuya imodeli: inani revolutions ngomzuzu ikhowudi abanye 800, abanye 1.800, 2.500 okanye ngaphezulu nokuba ngama-3.000. Ngoko ke, imalunga ne-drilliikhamera ezinesantya esiphezulu, ngenxa yoko ukusetyenziswa kwazo reI-Iatively limited.
 
Iidrills ezinezantya ezininzi
 
Ezi ziqhelo zahlukile kwezo zangaphambilikubo ngokuthi bajike kwizantya ezibini okanye ezine. Ulwakhiwo lu ngokusisiseko iyafana naleyo sele ichaziwe, kuphela zinkulu kwaye zinzima, ngenxa yokuba zikwimeko kusafuneka bandihlalise kunye neegiyanacha. Ngaphandle koko, i-gearbox iqalwa ukusukangaphandle usebenzisa isiphatho esifanelekileyo. Eli qela lesibini le-drills libiza kakhulu ngokomyinge nge-20-30%, kodwa ibonelela kakhuluyiya amathuba amakhulu osetyenziso ngokuchanekileyo kuba izantya zinokulungiswa. Oku kuthetha ukuba zikulungele ukomba izinto ezahlukeneyo, kuba abanye banayo kubalulekile ukuba isantya siphantsi kwaye vice versa. Isantya esilungelelanisiweyo siyazikhusela i-drill kunye ne-drills, kunye nezivulo zenziwe ngokuchanekileyo ngakumbi. Umzekelo, i-drill- ubuso obunezantya ezibini bunokujikwa kwi-750 rpm, okanye kwi-1.900, kunye netoti ye-drill enesantya esine ine-600, 850, 1900 kunye ne-2700 revolutions imizuzu.
 
Iidrills ezinokuguquguquka indlela yokujikeleza i i-drills edibeneyo
 
Iqela lesithathu le-drills line-electronngesixhobo esityibilikayo esindilungelelanisayonja indlela yokujikeleza kwentloko kwisakhelo elona nani liphantsi kunye nelona liphezulu leenguqu, okt. ukusuka ku-0 ukuya, umzekelo, 2000, lithini inani eliphezulu lokujikamna. Esi sixhobo sivulwa ngaphandle ngokusebenzisa umqheba, nokuba yi-drill isebenza, nokuba icinyiwe.
 
Iimodeli ezidityanisiweyo nazo ziyathengiswa, leyo, ukongeza kwibhokisi yegiya, nayo i-variator ye-elektroniki eqhubekayo. U xa kunjalo, ngokuqinisekileyo bayanda drill imilinganiselo, ubunzima kunye nexabiso, kodwa kwi-revs ephantsi, i-torque iphezulu (ngamandla enjini afanayo), kunokuba kwiimodeli ezine-variator, kodwa ngaphandle ibhokisi yegiya. Le torque ephezulu, ngesantya esiphantsi, kubalulekile kwimisebenzi ethile.
 
Iimpembelelo zempembelelo
 
Iimpembelelo zempembelelo (vii-bracing drills, i-hammer drills) ube nesixhobo esinokuvulwafunda okanye ungabandakanyi njengoko kuyimfuneko, kunye neyiphi intloko ecaleni kwesangqa sakhe sesiqhelointshukumo ye-nog yongeza ngakumbi kwaye ngokukhawuleza, praIntshukumo yeVolynian ngasemva naphambili.
 
Ngale nto, isixhobo, ukongeza ekujikeni nasekubetheni, o.k. ukubetha phezu komhlaba sihlakulela. Iimpembelelo zempembelelo zinokuba mnye-hayizinske, ingaba nebhokisi yegiya enamabini okanye izantya ezine, zinokuba notshintshoImowudi yasimahla yokujikeleza usebenzisa i-eleci-tron variator, okanye, idityanisiwe, ngezantya ezininzi kunye nokwahluka kombaneisantya torus. Ngokucacileyo, imo enjaloamalungu ngokomndilili anzima, makhulu, makhulu amandla kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo kuyabiza kakhulu. Impembeleloakasisebenzisi isixhobo ingakumbi xa efuna yomba iintsika zekhonkrithi ezomeleziweyo, izitepsi, iindonga eziqinileyo zezitena, iindonga zamatye. Ekhaya, kwiimeko ezininziiti, imisebenzi enjalo ayifane yenziwebaphawula. Kusenokubakho imfuneko beka ufakelo (idowel) kwisakhiwo esithile yekhonkrithi eyomeleziweyo, kodwa ngento ethile umgudu ngakumbi kunye nomonde omncinci ukuba mosiya kuyenza kwakhona nge-drill ngaphandle kwempembelelo qhuba. Iimpembelelo zempembelelo zisetyenziselwa oku amaxesha amaninzi ichazwa njengengcali izixhobo. Enyanisweni, zisetyenziswa ngamagcisa abafakela ifenitshala ejingayo, elecabatywini, abatywini, abasebenzaabo bafakela ukufakela igesi, abakhi abafaka amanyatheloiingcingo, iicango neefestile, njl kwanabanye abakroli banamhlanje.
 
Multi-speed impembelelo drill, okanye ngcono, nge-electron eqhubekayoskim variator, enokuyenza (xa isixhobo somothuko sicinyiwe) yonke into umsebenzi owenziwa drillers ngaphandle yeso sixhobo, ukuze nabangaqeqeshwanga bakwaziukubakhonza ngaphandle kobunzima. Kodwa ngaphezulu ixabiso (elinokwenyuka kakhulu, nokuba kabini xa kuthelekiswa neempenduloiimodeli ezigqumayo ngaphandle komothukona), ayinakuthetheleleka ngokusetyenziswa rhoqo.
 
impembelelo drill 
Isantya sokujikeleza kuxhomekeke kwi impahla
 
Umbuzo wesantya, oko kukuthi. ye revolution kwi imizuzu ethile yesigqubuthelo sombanekodwa ibalulekile, kwaye siya kuzama ukuyenza loo nto ukubonisa kumzekelo wokomba imingxuma ene-spiral drill. Icacile ukuba isantya ekusikwe ngaso umda we-drill bitukususwa kweetshiphusi kwizinto eziphathekayo (isantya cutting) ngokuhambelana nesantya sokujikelezai-nja drill bits (ngaloo ndlela ubhola iintloko), o.k. i-diameter ye-drill ngokwayo. Ngomnye ngamagama, kuthetha ukuba ngenani elifanayo i revolutions ye-drill, isantya sokusika, okanye ukungena kwizinto eziphathekayo, i-drill bitszonke iidayamitha azifani. Ukuze ube nesiphumo umsebenzi wawulungile, isantya sokujikeleza sasingekho inokuwela umda othile, kuba iqhele ukugrunjwa. ishushu kakhulu, iphinda ifudumale, (ulahlekelwa ubunzima) kwaye ulahlekelwe ngokukhawuleza iblade - ayisekho ukusika. Oko konele imizuzwana embalwa yomsebenzi kwinto ethile vingesantya esiphezulu, ukuze yonakale bhora. I-drill etshisa ngokugqithisileyo iyafuthadi, ii-ayini ezantsi komngxuma, endaweni yokuba unzulu, naxa ezingisamo, oko ngamandla sizama ukuba prosozela nzulu, kodwa ngaphandle kweziphumo.
 
Isantya esichanekileyo sokusika sixhomekeke yemathiriyeli ekufuneka yombiwe: injalo ukuphakama kweenkuni, i-aluminiyam kunye neenkuniialloys kunye nobhedu. Kakhulu ezantsi sesona santya sifanelekileyo sesiqhelo intsimbi, nangaphantsi kwiintsimbi ezikhethekileyo, kunye nelona lisezantsi leentsimbi ezingenasici; ubhedu kunye nobhedu.
 
Ukuqhuba ngokukhawuleza, ngesantya esinye, ngoko ke ifanelekile ukugaya iinkuni kunye aluminiyam, ngelixa ezinye iintsimbi mosiya kugrumba kuphela ngamasuntswana okubhola yobubanzi obuncinci, ngokuchanekileyo ngenxa yokuba akukho siya kudlula isantya esivumelekileyo esivumelekileyoakukho kusika. Eso santya asiveli ngokungqongqoiyalelwa: isoloko ingumcimbi wokunyamezelanaekungafanele siwele. Kunokuthiwa ukubhola ngesantya (revs) ngezantsi kakhulu kweyona nto ilungileyo, imele ilahleko ethile kwi vreimenyu; kodwa umzamo wethu uya kuhlawula kwaye siza kuwenza kakuhle umsebenzi.
 
Nangona kunjalo, sebenza ngesantya esiphezulu kakhulu ukusuka kokulungileyo, kwenza umsebenzi ube nzima kakhulu, ukuba ayide ingasebenzi, ke yonakalisa amasuntswana e-drill, ifuna ukuya kuthi gayinkcitha-xesha yomzamo kunye nexesha. Ukuba nangona kunjalo siyakwazi ukugqabhukasithunga umngxuma, siqhele ukwenza kakubi kwenziwe (ubukhulu bomngxuma buphuma bukhulu kunoko yobubanzi be-drill bit, ifumana i-oblique shape, ithambeka elingafunwayo, iindonga zomngxuma ziba i-grooved, izinto eziphathekayo zigqithise kwaye kanjanlo nakanjalo). Kucacile, ke ngoko, ukuba nkqu kwaye xa sifuna i-drill yombane siyisebenzisela ukugrumba imingxuma kuphelaiidiameters eziqhelekileyo (ukusuka kwi-2-10 millimetersra), kufuneka sinikele ingqalelo isantya kunye nokwenza isigqibo ngokuthenga iimodeli ezicothayo, hayi ezikhawulezayo, ukuba Kakade ke, asiqinisekanga ukuba siya kwenjenjalo sebenzisa kuphela iinkuni kunye ne-aluminiumubuncinane.
 
Olu hlobo lokucinga lukwasebenza nakwabanye izincedisi ezinokudityaniswa i-drill yombane. Zonke izixhobo, bio it router, sanding disc, irabha roller ngoboya bokumenyezeliswa, sanding kaamadoda, ibrashi yentsimbi ejikelezayo okanye ezinye isixhobo sesibini, sisebenza ngokugqibeleleyoisantya se-nu (ngaloo ndlela isantya sokujikeleza), apho umenzi adla ngokubonisa kuyo ukupakishwa. Ubungakanani bezi zantya zininzi kakhulu ububanzi kodwa bucacile: ibrashi yentsimbi ye ukususa ipeyinti endala kwintsimbi iingcingo, siya kukwazi ukuzisebenzisa e-viamanani anejusi eenguqu; idiski yerabha ye 10-12 centimeters yokupholisha ifanitshala okanye iimoto, kuya kufuneka sebenzisa ngesantya esisezantsi kakhulu. Ingxaki ibonakala icacile kwaye nini i-drill isetyenziswa njengokuqhuba injini yezixhobo ezahlukeneyo zoomatshini; obraukuba ezinye izinto kunye nawo wonke umatshini inesantya sayo esisiso umsebenzi. Kwiimeko ezininzi, kumatshini umenzi ubonisa inani leenguqu apho kufunyanwa owona msebenzi ungcono isiphumo. Ukuba sigqibe ekubeni siye kuthengaEwe, iidrill zombane ezibanjwa ngesandla, ke masithathele ingqalelo oku kungasentla sele kuchaziwe: i-drill ene-moUxinzelelo lohlengahlengiso lwesantya (nokuba usebenzisa ibhokisi yegiya, mhlawumbi nge variato electronicra), kuba iinguqu ezisezantsi zibaluleke kakhulu ukusuka kwezinkulu.
 
Mhlawumbi umbuzo unokuphakanyiswa njani ukuba enkulu enjalo inikezelwa ukuthengiswa inombolo yemodeli yesantya esinye, ngamanye amaxesha ngamanani aphezulu kakhulurpm (nokuba malunga 3000)? Ukusukela okovor ilula: manual yombane idrill yokusetyenziswa ekhaya iqala ukusuka e-USA, ilizwe apho umakhilo mthi unokubaluleka kodidi lokuqala. Ukuvelisa, ngoko ke, isixhobo sokulungisa iinkuniukuba ngexesha lokwakhiwa kwezindlu kwaye ngokubanzi kwikhulularry kunye nokuchwela, kwakusengqiqweni. Iimodeli ezinokubakho zokutshintsha i-noi revolutions, usebenzisa gearbox okanye eleci-tron variator, yavela kuphela kamva, ngokukhetha ngakumbi nangakumbi izincedisi ezahlukeneyo i-drill kunye nayo ukuyisebenzisa njengemoto yokuqhuba kwizixhobo zoomatshini ezahlukeneyo. Ngokuba hayi iyahamba imini kungaphumi nomtsha imodeli yezixhobo ezongezelelweyo, kakhulu yandisa amathuba osetyenziso lwe-drill, ukuze abakhi bafezekise ngakumbi nangakumbivaju, kwaye ingakumbi i-drill kunye nokunye isantya. Isenokongezwa kwakhona ukwanda kokungena kwezo drill kwimarike yaseYurophu apho iinkuni ezindlwini ayimelwanga kakhulu, kwaye iyanda ukusetyenziswa koqeqesho kwimisebenzi ekujoliswe kuyoIu, efuna izantya ezisezantsi obrmncinci.
 
Ukuqhuba nge-drill yombane
 
I-drill yombane inokwenza nantoni na iimeko zokutshintsha i-punch yesandlacu kunye nezixhobo zokusondeza inani lokujikela kwentloko. Kodwa akakwazi buyisela ikhowudi yesandla sobhola engqinibeni umsebenzi othile wokuchwela, njengebhafu kufuneka sigrumbe imingxunya eyimfama, okanye imingxuma enkulu edayamitha. Eyokugrumba umngxuma ezindongeni, (ngaphandle kwe-armiraikhonkrithi, isitena esipheleleyo kunye nelitye) ukufakwa kokufaka, umbanekwi-drill, ngakumbi ukuba isebenza yodwa phantsi kwe-rpm ephezulu, kungekhona ngaphambiliinika ukhetho olungakumbi kwincwadana nge-drill eludongeni. Asiyi kufumana hayikugcino olukhulu kungekuko kwinzame okanye ngexeshamenu, kwaye ukuba siyiphatha ngokungenabuchule, moNangona siya kwenza umonakalo omkhulu (ukuqhekeza udaka olujikeleze umngxuma, ewe vula umbhobho ombhoxo okanye obanzi kakhulu, kunye nokunye). Ukuba senza ugwayimbonge-drill, kwaye inamandla ngakumbi, ngokuqinisekileyo siya kwenza kube lula kakhulu kuthi kwaye siwukhawulezise umsebenzi, kodwa nalapho kufuneka sisebenzeidemo ngononophelo, kuba ngalo mzekelo i-drill bit ingena ngokulula kwaye ngokukhawuleza emngxunyeni, ngoko asiqapheli nokuba ixesha elide kangakananiicala, kwaye singonakalisa imibhobho yamanziamanzi, igesi okanye ufakelo lombanetion, nazo zonke ii-conductor ezikuyo. Ngoko ke, kungcono ukuba ekuqaleni sisebenzisa izixhobo zezandla, kunye nezo zombane drill, ngakumbi ngefuthe pogonam, masiyisebenzise xa siyifumene amava athile.
 
Amasuntswana e-Steel spiral drill
 
I-drill yombane ingaba ixhotyiswe ngezona zininzi zohlukeneyo zongeziweyoizixhobo kunye nobungakanani bemisebenzi anokuyenza yandisa kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, ngokuqhelekileyo iqala ngorhwebongesixhobo esicinezelwe ngokuthe ngqo drill intloko. Ngokuqinisekileyo, siza kuqala fumana amasuntswana e-drill. Iintlobo ezimbini ezisisiseko i-drills ekufuneka sibe nayo zombini zentsimbi isixhobo kwaye kuthiwa ubona i-drills amacebiso avela ngoku iintsimbi ezinzima. Siza kuzifumana iikhithi kuzo zombini iindidi, ekwandeni kwezikali ngesiqingatha semilimitha, okanye nangesiqingatha ikota enye yemilimitha, ukuba sifuna ukujongana nam kuphelahanikom.
 
Iseti yokuqala ye-twist drills ukusuka yensimbi yesixhobo esinesantya esiphezulu ibe nkulu kancinane. Amasuntswana okubhola okukhawulezayoumlenze wentsimbi, nangona ingabizi, kuba baphulukana nencakuba yabo okwethutyana kwaye ayisebenzikunye nomsebenzi ongaqhelekanga ekhaya. Yi ngenxa yokuba zininzi izixhobo zokugayaLola kakhulu kunesiqhelo iingcinga kwaye asinakukwazi ukuyenza ekhaya, nokuba kusetyenziswe i-sander yetafilece ngesixhobo sokubamba isuntswana le-drill kwi-engile elungileyo kwaye yeyiphi eyenzaukuze i-drill bit ijika kancinci ngelixa igrinder ibukhali. Oko lomfana burI-Gia ayibizi, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba nayo zilahle kunokuba zilolwe. Xa behambape singazigcina ngasehlathiniyokhuni, edla ngokungafuneki ingakumbi amasuntswana okomba abukhali. Ndingasinika ingasetyenziselwa ukomba iithayile ze-ceramicitshiphu ngehamile.
 
i-drill bits 
Ubona amasuntswana e-drill
 
Iseti yesibini, ukusuka kwinto ebizwa ngokuba yi-vidia drill (igama livela kwenye yokuqala kwinkampani eyasungula umatshini wokusika kwimarike isixhobo esineencakuba ezidityanisiweyo iithayile zentsimbi enzima) akunyanzelekanga ukuba ukuba zibe ninzi njengezo zangaphambili. Kunzima isinyithi sisixhobo sokwenziwa (umxube yeenkozo zentsimbi kunye nomgubo ophantsi zifudumeza ngoxinzelelo de zifunyenwe compact alloys) apho zifumaneka khona iinkozo ezinzima kakhulu carbide, tungsten okanye i-titanium, kunye nenye mnaudongwe olusebenza njengomdibanisi, oluyiyo ngokuqhelekileyo icobalt. Iiplothi ezimbini ezincinciiziqwenga zezi ntsimbi ziqinileyo ziyadityaniswa kwimiphetho emibini esebenzayo ye-bur ephezuluiigiya. Ngaloo ndlela, ii-blades ziba buthuntu emva kwexesha elide kakhulu kodwa iiblades zenziwe ngeyona nto ingcono izixhobo zentsimbi. Kwakhona, sabona i-drills ziyakwazi ukusingatha izantya eziphezulu zokuqhuba kuba zinjalo kakhulu ukumelana namaqondo obushushu aphezuluamatye aphuhliswayo ngexesha lokomba. Kakade ke, zibiza kakhulu kuneespiralsyezixhobo ezisebenza ngesantya esiphezulu intsimbi.
 
Ukugrunjwa kwekhonkrithi eyomeleziweyo
 
I-Vidia drills iyasivumela ukuba endlwini sigrumba imingxuma kwiintsika, okanye iisilingi zekhonkrithi ezomeleziweyo. Siya kuyenza loo nto ngononophelo, ngababini nangesithathu imizamo. Okokuqala siya kwenza umngxuma idiameter encinci (nge-drill ye 3mm umzekelo), ngoko siyakwenzaukugrumba kwakhona ngamasuntswana okubhola abanzi, iyunithinom okanye kabini, de sifumane umngxuma wedayamitha efunwayo (ukuya kuthi ga kwi-maxmalunga ne-10 mm). Kwimingxuma emikhulu ububanzi, kufuneka sithathe i-drill ngempembelelo drive kunye bur isithsabaigiju (umngxuma ngaphakathi, enamazinyo zisasazwe ngaphambili ecaleni kwesangqa sesangqahayi).
 
Phofu ke, zonke iingcibi ziyafinga iintshiya xa zisenza uthetha ngokugrumba ikhonkrithi eqinisiweyo, kuba amasuntswana edrill yonakele ngokuqinisekileyo (i azinakuphinda zisetyenziswe kumtal), kunye nokuqhekeka kunokwenzeka kwakhona i-drill ngokwabo. Ekugqibeleni, kukho i-nutukukwazi ukugrumba imingxuma ukuba kakhului-triangular, i-oval okanye i-oblique. Kodwa, ekhaya ngokwentelekiso kunqabile kusondela ukomba aryekhonkrithi ehleliyo kwaye ngoncedo lwenkcazoinkqubo kunye nomonde omncinci ngokuqhelekileyokodwa umntu uyaphumelela kwelo shishini.
 
Izixhobo zesandla ezine-shaft ye ukuqinisa kwintloko yombane iidrills
 
Kukho izixhobo ezininzi ezahlukeneyo drill kwaye ke ngoko zifanelekile eminye imisebenzi, ngendlela efanayo sincamathela kwintloko ye-drill (ngokweamandla entsimbi yentsimbi ethwala isixhoboapho). Ezi zizixhobo eziphambili zokugaya yeemilo ezahlukeneyo kunye nemilinganiselo (ye-skidiipeli zetsimbi), zokugaya amalunguimithungo emitsha. Emva koko, kukho i-glodaci, emva koko iibrashi zetsimbi ezinocingo iintsinga ezinxuseneyo okanye ngokunqamlezileyoibekwe ngokunxulumene ne-axis yokujikelezanja, nesiyisebenzisayo ukususa ipeyinti nomhlwa phezu kwentsimbi. Kusekho iirabha iidiski esibeka phezu kwazo i-ma yokusilai-terial yokulungiswa kakuhle kwamalungu esinyithiyenziwe yacoleka kunentsimbi thiikama, iifurs zokupholisha isinyithi, njl. Akunakwenzeka ukunika isishwankathelo esipheleleyo apha zazo zonke iintlobo zezixhobo ezijikelezayo ngesenzo se-bu yombanespike unokusebenzisa. Kuzo zonke icala, kwintsimbi exhotyiswe kakuhlekukho iikhathalogu zeevenkile zasekuhlaleni kwezi zixhobo, kwaye siya kuzifumana apho ngokulula kakhulu into oyifunayo kwizinto ezithile umsebenzi, kwaye ufumane ulwazi malunga nezintsha iimveliso eziphuma kwiproevelayo.
 
izixhobo ezijikelezayo
Intambo yolwandiso
 
Ukongeza okukhethekileyo, okanye okungcono, zombini kunye, sivumele ukuba isixhobo esisebenza ngeendlela ezininzi esichazwe ngasentla, yabonasifuna umsebenzi olula nolungileyoisikhundla sam. Ezi zifanelekile indawo yokuma apho i-drill idityaniswe khona (wonke umenzi unayo ekukhetheni kwabo iinxalenye zeemodeli zabo zokuqhuba) kunye transmission bhetyebhetye - rotary enye intambo enesiphatho kunye nentloko efanayo ekwayintloko ye-drill, apho inakoungaqhoboshela nayiphi na kwezikhankanywe izixhobo zesandla. Ngaloo ndlela, i-drill singomeleza kwaye isixhobo sikhokelelaI-zan cable ukubeka kwindawo engcono kakhulu isikhundla somsebenzi. Ngendlela, iintambo ezinje ziveliswa ngobude obahlukeneyo (kunye nangaphezulu kwemitha).
 
Ke, cima ipowuli yocingo, ukusukaukuayina isiqwenga sefanitshala, ipolyrati eminye imiphezulu yesinyithi, kakhulu ilula ngolu ncediso, kunokuba xa kufuneka sigcine i-drill yonke izandla kunye nokuyihambisa kumacala ahlukeneyo izikhundla. Kubalulekile ukuba ukuma obambe i-drill ibe kakuhle adjyenziwe.
 
 bhora kwindawo yokumisa
 
Ezinye izincedisi zombane ezongezelelweyo i-drill
 
Iivenkile zibonelela ngeendlela ezahlukeneyoizincedisi nog for drills zombane ephakathi kongezweizincedisi nog kunye ezikhethekileyo, ezikhethekileyo izixhobo zoomatshini. Ngoko, umzekelo, inokufumana i-screwdriver elayishiwe entwasahlobo kunye nokudityaniswa kwengxabano okumalungaukhotha kwi-drill yombane, kwi indawo yentloko. Xa ucinezelekile, i-screwdriver iqala ukujika (iyafuneka isantya esiphantsi drill) ukusukela ezimbini yokudibanisa element bambelela kwenye kunye nomnye kunye nokuhambisa intshukumo ejikelezayo ukusuka kwimoto yombane ukuya kwincam yescrewdriver. Okukhona ucinezela ngakumbi, kokukhona isikrudrayiva sikhululeka ijikelezisa ngokukhawuleza. Isixhobo esifanayo sinakho zixhotyiswe ngezitshixo ze-tubularma, kwaye ukuze isebenze ukuqinisa isikrufuyena namandongomane. Ukukhawuleza ngesi sixhobosiya konga ixesha elininzi xa kufuneka siyikhulule okanye siyibhuqe inani elikhulu lezikrufu. Ekuqaleni ngeukubeka isikrufu kwenziwa ngesandla, kodwa emva kwexesha elide kwaye lidiniwe lwenziwa kusetyenziswa i-bu yombaneizikhonkwane.
 
Olunye ukongeza, olubekwephakathi kwe-drill kunye nesokethi yenzaukunciphisa kunye nokulungelelanisa isantya iidrills. Sisixhobo eso utshintsha amandla ombane usebenzisa imicu. Kuleya indlela yayinokuba yi-drill okanye enye intoumatshini onetoti yemoto yombane guqulela kwimodeli enobuchule utshintsho lwesantya.
 
Kukho kwakhona izixhobo ezongezelelweyo ezinokusetyenziswa ibekwe phezu kwentloko ye-drill kwaye yeyiphi i-omoukuqokelela, ngexesha lomsebenzi, uthuli okanye uthuli (ukuba usebenza eludongeni okanye iisilingi). Njengesixhobo esongezelelweyo se iidrill zombane nazo zenziwe iadapiitha ezivumela ukuba zibekwe kwi-drill head izixhobo eziya kuthi ngenye indlela ifuna intloko enkulu okanye eyahlukileyo. Njengohlobo lwesixhobo, kukho kwakhona i-propeller evumela ukuba i-drill isetyenziswesiya kuba njengomxubi wepeyinti eludongeni; iivanishi, kunye nemixube eyahlukeneyo ye-gu encinciiyakuba yintoni. Kwimeko yokugqibela, ukuba kunjalo icocwe kakuhle, inokusebenza njenge umxhubi ekhitshini ngokunjalo.
 
Kuba yonke into kodwaizixhobo ezitsha nezitsha ezikhethekileyo kunye nezixhobo, akukho ngaphandle kombuzo ukulandela ngamaxesha athile olo phuhliso lweengcali ezityelelayohayi izenzo.
 
i-electric drill kwi-stand
I-drill stand
 
Kwimisebenzi yoomatshini, rhoqo moigxalaba lokubhoboza imingxuma ngokuchanekileyo iindawo ezithile, okanye kwiindawo ezincinci izifundo. Yiyo loo nto abavelisi iidrill ngesandla zihambisa ekhethekileyokwiziseko ezinelever ethobayo okanye ukuphakamisa i-drill. Kwiphepha elisezantsihayi, indawo yokuma ikwimo yetafile encinci apho iworkpiece ibekwe khona. Ngaphambi kokuba siqale ukusebenza, kufuneka silungise i-workpiece usebenzisa i-flat vise. Yima (yima) kwaye uqheliso lwenza itafilenu drill - umatshini ongekho opiyafikeleleka kuzo zonke iindibano zocweyo zoomatshiniikhama Kwi-slang bayibiza ngokuthi "iimvakalelo".va", kuba uxinzelelo lwe-drill lungaphambiliuyakwazi ukuqonda kwaye alawule ithagethi ngocoselelo phezu kwesiphatho, ukuze lowo uyiphathayo ngomatshini uyazi kakuhle ukuba isuntswana loqheliso ingena ngokufanelekileyo.

Amanqaku anxulumeneyo