Artificial kuomesa huni

Artificial kuomesa huni

Kuomeswa kwekugadzira kunoitwa mumakamuri ekuomesa chaiwo uye kunoitwa nekukurumidza kupfuura kuomeswa kwepanyama. Imba yekuomesera inzvimbo yakavharwa yemakona emakona, umo mhepo inopisa neanokosha anonzi ribbed tubes, kuburikidza iyo inotenderera steam, inopinda mavari kubva mukamuri yekubikira. Mumagasi anoomesa, zvinhu zvakaomeswa nemagasi anobva mukamuri yekupisa achishandisa chinhu chakakosha,
Hunyoro hunobuda muhuni hunozadza mhepo, saka hunobviswa kubva muomesa, uye mhepo yakachena, isina hunyoro inounzwa munzvimbo yayo kuburikidza nematanho ekupa akakosha. Zvinoenderana nemusimboti wekushanda, ma dryer akakamurwa kuita ayo anoshanda nguva nenguva uye ayo anoshanda achienderera.

Mumaomesa anoshanda nguva nenguva (fig. 19), zvinhu zvinoiswa panguva imwe chete. Mushure mekuoma, zvinhu zvinobviswa kubva pakaoma, kusunungurwa kwemhepo mumudziyo wekupisa kunomiswa, uye bheti rinotevera rekuomesa zvinhu rinozadzwa.
 Chirimwa chekuomesa, chinoshanda nguva dzose, chinosanganisira mukoridho unosvika 36 m kureba, umo mawagonette ane zvinhu zvakanyorova anopinda kune rimwe divi, uye ngoro dzakaomeswa dzinosiya kune rumwe rutivi.
Zvinoenderana nehunhu hwekufamba kwemhepo, ma dryer akakamurwa kuva aya ane kutenderera kwechisikigo, izvo zvinoitika nekuda kwekuchinja kwehuremu chaihwo hwemhepo mune yakaoma, uye dryer nekutenderera kutenderera, kunowanikwa nemumwe kana anopfuura mafeni.

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Sl. 19 Dryer inoshanda nguva nenguva nekutenderera kwemvura chaiyo 

Dryers inoshanda nguva dzose yakakamurwa kuita counter-flow dryers - kana mweya ukaunzwa kuti usangane nekufamba kwezvinhu zviri kuomeswa, uye co-flow dryer - kana gwara rekufamba kwemhepo inopisa rakafanana negwara rekufamba kwe. zvinhu, uye izvo zvinoshanda ne transverse air circulation, kana kufamba kwemhepo inopisa imhepo inoitwa mugwara perpendicular kufamba kwezvinhu (fig. 20).

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Sl. 20 Dryer ine simba reverse air kutenderera; 1 - fan, 2 - radiators,

3 - migero yekugovera, 4 - migero yedhiraivha

Kana kukurumidza kwekufamba kwemhepo muomesi, iyo inopfuura nezvinhu zviri kuomeswa, inopfuura 1 m / sec, ipapo rudzi urwu rwekuomesa runonzi kukurumidza. Kana, panguva yekuomeswa, mweya unopisa unopfuura nechinhu chiri kuomeswa, uchichinja mafambiro ayo, uye kumhanya kwaro kunodarika 1 m/sec, saka kufamba uku kunonzi reverse movement, uye michina yekuomesa inonzi dryers ine accelerated, reverse air circulation. .
Mumaomesa ane kutenderera kwechisikigo, kumhanya kwemhepo inopfuura nezvinhu zviri kuomeswa isingasviki 1 m/sec.
Mabhodhi akapedzwa* kana kuti semi-apera anogona kuomeswa. Mabhodhi anofanirwa kuomeswa akaiswa pamatrolleys (fig. 21).

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Sl. 21 ngoro dzakapfava

Mapuranga marefu anofanira kurongedzerwa pangoro dzakati sandarara (fig. 21). Dry slats nehupamhi hwe 22 kusvika 25 mm uye hupamhi hwe 40 mm inoshandiswa semapedhi. Macoasters anoiswa rimwe pamusoro peimwe kuitira kuti aite mutsara wakatwasuka (fig. 22). Chinangwa chemapadhi ndechekugadzira mikaha pakati pemapuranga kuitira kuti mweya unopisa upfuure zvakasununguka kupfuura zvinhu zviri kuomeswa uye kubvisa mweya wakazara nemhute yemvura. Nzvimbo dziri pakati pemitsara yakatwasuka yemapadhi inotorwa kumapuranga ane ukobvu hwe 25 mm - 1 m, pamapuranga ane hupamhi hwe 50 mm - 1,2 m. Mapedhi anofanirwa kuiswa pamusoro pematanda anochinjika - chii pane wagonette.

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Sl. 22 Nzira yekuturika matanda akachekwa pakuomeswa uchichengeta nhambwe dzakakwana pakati pemapedhi

Kurongeka kusina kurongeka kwemapadhi kunogona kukonzera kuvhuvhuta kwemhepo yematanda akachekwa. Pamagumo emapuranga, mapedhi anofanirwa kuenzaniswa nechemberi kwemapuranga kana kuva nechepamusoro, kuitira kuchengetedza masero kubva pakuyerera kwakanyanya kwemhepo inopisa. Kana zvikamu zvinogadzirwa zvaomeswa, zvinoiswa pamatrolley nemapadhi akaitwa nezvikamu pachazvo, 20 kusvika 25 mm gobvu uye 40 kusvika 60 mm yakafara. Nharaunda pakati pemitsara yakatwasuka yemameti haifanirwe kunge yakakura kupfuura 0,5 - 0,8 m.

Zvinyorwa zvinoenderana