workshop mu chipinda chapansi

Ntchito yochitira kunyumba m'chipinda chapansi

Ntchito yochitira kunyumba m'chipinda chapansi
 
Ngati tiyika msonkhano m'chipinda chapansi, titha kukhala ndi desiki zopangidwa ndi zinthu zolimba komanso zolimba (chithunzi 1). Bwino kwambiri ndi ngati tebulo likutsamira kumanzere ndi kumbuyo mphepete khoma limene tingapachikepo. Zida zing'onozing'ono, m'malo mwake mu chipinda, tikhoza kuyiyika pa slat yomwe yakwera pakhoma (chithunzi 2). Zikatero, muyenera kuyikanso imodzi nsalu yotchinga zopangidwa ndi PVC zojambulazo kuteteza chida ku fumbi ndi madzi splashes pa ntchito.
 
zinthu zopangira benchi yogwirira ntchito
CHITHUNZI 1
 
Zithunzi pazithunzi 2 ndi 3 zingatipatse malingaliro a momwe tingachitire izi tiyeni tisandutse kauntala wamba kukhala kauntala ya ukalipentala, momwe tingayiyikire chida ndi momwe angagwirizanitse vertically kumanzere zothandizira alumali.
 
kukwera kwa toolbar
CHITHUNZI 2
 
Ngati kuyatsa kwachilengedwe kwa khola sikokwanira, tiyenera kuika nyale, zomwe tingathe kuzisintha udindo wofunidwa. Choyenera kwambiri ndi nyali yokhala ndi po yosinthasinthanyali (yosinthika) kapena nyali yokhala ndi nyali ndi mutu wa mpirabom, yomwe imatulutsidwa ngati accordion (chithunzi 3, gawo lapansi).
 
nyali yolumikizira mpira
CHITHUNZI 3
 
Kuunikira kwabwino ndikofunikira kuti ntchito yopambana komanso chida chabwino. Kuwala kuyenera kukhala kwabwino osati kokha kwa chinthu chantchito komanso chipinda chonsecho.
 
Babu wamba wokhala ndi kuwala kolunjika, nthawi zambiri atapachikidwa pakati pa chipindacho, amaperekanso kuwala kochepa pamene mphamvu yake ili pamwamba. Gwero la kuwala kwachindunji limapanga mithunzi yamphamvu ndi kuwala ndi mdima kusakaniza pamaso pathu malo okhala ndi zowoneka bwino. Mwa kuwonjezera mawu kuyatsa, kusiyana kumawonjezeka, (chithunzi 4).
 
 magwero a kuwala
CHITHUNZI 4
 
Ngati tiyika mkaka wowonekera pansi pa gwero la kuwala galasi lowongolera kuwala, timapeza semi-indirect kuyatsa. Gawo lalikulu la kuwala komwe kumawunikira kauntala, imabwereranso itaphwanyidwa ndikubalalika kuchokera pakhoma, zomwe zimapanga mithunzi yopepuka basi.
 
Timayatsa molunjika ngati kuchokera ku kuwala kuwala cheza safika kwa ife mwachindunji, koma m'malo amamwaza ndi kudumpha pamwamba pa khoma. Ayi ndithu amapanga mithunzi.
 
Kuti tipeze kuyatsa kofanana kwambiri, tiyenera kutero onjezerani mphamvu ya gwero la kuwala ndi theka-osalunjika, ndi zina zambiri ndi kuyatsa kosalunjika. Ndi bwino kuunikira chipindacho ndi kuwala kosalunjika, zomwe zimaunikira chipinda chonsecho mofanana popanda kusokoneza mwamphamvutrasta - koma tiyenera kuyatsa kauntala ndi ntchito zinthu mwachindunji. Titha kungopereka mphamvu yowunikira yofunikira kuyatsa kwachindunji.
 
Zinthu zogwirira ntchito, zowerengera ndi makina ziyenera kuunikira motere kuti kuwala kowala sikulowa m’maso. Ngati gwero la kuwalatiyeni tiyike pansi pamlingo wamaso, kuyatsa kumakhala bwinoko. Kuunikira kwabwino kwambiri ndi pamene pali kuwala kulunjika pa chinthucho kuchokera ku mbali ya maso athu. Ndiye ife sitikuwona kuwala kapena kunyezimira kwa workpiece ndipo timapewazotsatira zake zoipa (chithunzi 5).
 
kukonza gwero la kuwala
CHITHUNZI 5
 
Kwa ntchito zomwe zimafuna kuyatsa mwamphamvu (mwachitsanzo popanga) timasamala makamaka kuwalako gwero limawunikira chojambula, koma sitingathe kuchiwona. Ndi maso chokwiyitsa kwambiri ndi magalasi owala omwe amapangidwa ndi amphamvu kuwala konyezimira. Amapangidwa panthawi yojambula magalasi oterowo amakokedwa mwatsopano, onyezimira komanso otukumuka shawa mizere. Ngati kuli kofunikira, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mphindi zochepa kuyika koyenera kwa nyali.
 
Tidzagwirizanitsa kuyatsa kwa chipinda ndi kauntala molondola momwe tingathere, ngati tiunikira zipinda ndi gwero la kuwala kosalunjika, zilipalibe pamwamba pamlingo wamaso, ndi chogwirira ntchito, chopanda kuwala, kuwala kolunjika pansi pa mlingo wa diso (chithunzi 6).
 
magwero a kuwala kwachindunji ndi kosalunjika
CHITHUNZI 6
 
Amene amagwira ntchito ndi dzanja lamanja ayenera kuika nyali kumanzere, kotero kuti dzanja lamanja, limene likuyenda; pa ntchito saponya mthunzi pa workpiece. Kuwala kumagwira ntchito yayikulu pakuwunikira chipinda khoma ndi denga mitundu. Mlingo wothandiza wa kuyatsa m'chipinda choyaka bwino chimakhala pakati pa 15 - 45% (ndi kuyatsa kosalunjika kumakhala kochepa). Degree zothandiza zotsatira zopitirira 50% sizimatheka.
 
Kwa ntchito zabwino kwambiri, ndikofunikira kudikirirakuunikira kwachinyengo. Zojambula zathu zikuwonetsa kwambirizing'onozing'ono, zapakati ndi zazikulu chipinda ndi kuyatsa ntchito chinthu chowonetsedwa mu lux (chithunzi 7).
 
kuwala mu lux
CHITHUNZI 7
 
Pomaliza, timapereka malingaliro ofunikira kuti tikwaniritse zida zowunikira zamakono (chithunzi 8). Imani Tipanga gwero la kuwala kosalunjika kuchokera mu thumba la pulasitikiobzala maluwa, opangidwa ndi chitsulo cha konkire chotalika masentimita angapomatope ndi chivindikiro chimodzi chokulirapo chotengera chotengera. Pansi miphika, ikani khosi la babu ndikuphimba ndi gypsum kuti babu lomwe litatha kupotoza silituluka mumphika. Kuchokera konkire ndi chitsulo timapanga miyendo itatu ndi mphete imodzi kapena ziwiri kuphatikiza. Lumikizani miyendo ndi mphete pamalo okhudzana ndi ma rivets, kapena ndi soldering, ndiyeno timayiyika pakati mphika. Timamanga chivundikirocho ndi screw for flat and proanapyoza kumapeto kwa miyendo. Mkati pamwamba pa chivundikirocho timachipaka ndi utoto wonyezimira, chifukwa chimathamangitsa ndikubalalitsa kuwala. Timajambula choyimira ndi mtundu womwe umagwirizana ndi mtunduwo nyale.
 
Kukana kuwala kwa kuwala kuchokera ku fulorosenti machubu mosavuta titha kuchita izi pogwiritsa ntchito kachidutswa kakang'ono ka kutalika koyenera zomwe ziyenera kutsekedwa poyamba mbali zonse. Madera awa pafupikumangiriza ndi mtedza wa butterfly ku zokometsera za fulorosicent mapaipi.
 
Gwero la kuwala, lomwe limapereka kuwala kosalunjika, tingathe kupanga kuchokera ku zinthu ziwiri zolumikizana zachitsulo pakatichipinda chogulitsidwa ndi chotengera chopangidwa ndi chitsulo cha konkire. Wopatulira mtengo sayenera kuyimirira, koma ndi m'munsi anatsamira pang'ono kukhoma, kotero kuti pansi, pa makoma, kuwala (mkuyu 8).
 
wotsogolera kuwala
CHITHUNZI 8
 
Ndipo potsiriza, m'pofunika kudziwa kuti kumwa kwambiri osalunjika magwero owunikira (mosiyana ndi olunjika) omwe amawonekera mu kuchuluka kwa ndalama zamagetsi, paamateteza maso athu kukhala athanzi.
 
Ngati pali malo okwanira, titha kukhala mumsonkhanowukapena madesiki awiri a msinkhu womwewo pafupi ndi mzake. Kumanzere pambali pa tebulo pazikhala kauntala ya ukalipentala ndi kauntala ya mengellama, ndi kumanja, tebulo ntchito zitsulo, opzomangidwa ndi mangole ndipo mwinanso nkhwangwa.
 
Chinthu chofunika kwambiri cha workbench ndi mphamvu. Ayi zimandivutitsa ngati desiki ili yosawoneka bwino komanso yayikulu. Zimangofunika kupirira kukakamizidwa kwa mphamvu zazikulu panthawi ya ntchito. Ngati kutembenuza tebulo wamba kukhala yogwira ntchito, tiyenera kulilimbitsa kugwirizana. Tidzakwaniritsa njira yosavuta yolimbikitsira tebulo ngati, kuzungulira chimango chomwe chimaphatikizapo nsonga zapamwamba za miyendo, ndi zomangira timayika chimango cholimba kuti chikhale cholimba kuchokera pamatabwa (manenedwe 10-20 mm, m'lifupi 80-100 mm). Kulumikizana ndi misomali osakwanira. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito wononga nkhuni, ndi zabwino kwambiri zitsulo wononga ndi nati, chifukwa akhoza kumangitsa ngati amasula (chithunzi 9, gawo 1).
 
Pambuyo polimbitsa gawo lapamwamba la tebulo, timakonza miyendo masilati oyikidwa mwa diagonally ofanana ndi miyesokuyasamula. Chojambula chokonzekera miyendo yam'mbali chiyenera kukhala ndi dontho kwa mwendo wakumbuyo, ndi kukonza mbali yakumbuyo ya tebulo kugwa kuchokera kumanja kupita kumanzere mwendo wowonekera kutsogolo (chithunzi 9, gawo 2). Tikayikanso kutsogolo kulumikizana kwa diagonal kokhazikika ndi zomangira, kulumikizana kumeneko kuyenera imapita kuchokera kumanzere kupita kumanja pansi. Ngati bevel ili kutsogolo tebulo nthawi zambiri m'njira yathu ndi chifukwa chake ndi yabwino kwambiri konzani miyendo kumbali pogwiritsa ntchito slats yopingasa zomwe timagwirizanitsa ndi longitudinal yofanana yofanana zothandizira ngati makwerero (chithunzi 9, gawo 3).
 
Ndikofunikiranso kwambiri kuti tebulo lapamwamba ndi lathyathyathya, lamphamvu komanso makulidwe akulu. Nthawi zina m'pofunika kuwonjezera makulidwe a mbale kapena m'malo mwake ndi champhamvu. Sikokwanira ngati ndi mbale chabe cholimba, koma chiyenera kumangirizidwa bwino. Izi zimatheka mosavuta ntchito matabwa wodzigudubuza mapulagi diaKutalika kwa 1-1,5 cm, komwe timayika pa mbale ndikuyimirira mbali yapakati ya mwendo (chithunzi 9, gawo 4) ·
 
kukhazikitsa tebulo lantchito
 
CHITHUNZI 9
 
Ngati sitingathe kupeza matabwa 2,5-3 cm wandiweyani, ndiye timagwiritsa ntchito ziwiri zoonda zomwe timamatira pamodzi ndi tepi timamanga ndi zomangira ndi kuziyika pamodzi pa chimango.
 
Pakukonzekera, matabwa ayenera kuthandizidwa. Kuchokera ku chisa cha tebulo ndi ntchito yaikulu, i.e. Kutsegula kwa 4x4 cm udule pamwamba pa gome, ku mbali yake ya kumanzere ndi zisanu ndi imodzi centimita, ndi kutsogolo kwa 10 cm (chithunzi 9, gawo 5). U chothandizira chachitsulo chikhoza kulowetsedwa molunjika pamphuno iyi zowerengera, zomwe nthawi zambiri sizikhala zachitsulo koma zamatabwa olimba gawo 3,5 x 3.5 cm. Kumbali imodzi ya chithandizo ichi ndi zomangira Timalumikiza pepala lopindika lachitsulo mu mawonekedwe a L, 2m wandiweyanim omwe mapeto ake a cantilever amadulidwa ngati mawonekedwe a nkhunda. Kukanikiza boarder board motsutsana ndi chithandizo ichi ndi ziwiri spike, titha kuyikonza popanda chiopsezo chosamukira mbali. Kumbali ina ya chithandizo, timachimanga ndi screwNdi kasupe wachitsulo wathyathyathya wokhala ndi makina ochapira opendekera. Ic kasupe amalepheretsa chithandizo chotsitsidwa kuti chisagwere mu chisa, i.e. imagwira chithandizo pamalo ena okwera (mkuyu 10, gawo l).
 
kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala
CHITHUNZI 10
 
Tikhozanso kupanga wina kumangitsa chipangizo amene tidzamanga ndi zomangira kuchokera kutsogolo kumanzere kwa bolodi tebulo. Thandizo liyenera kupangidwa kuchokera ku chidutswa cha mtengo wolimba, zomwe tiyenera kumangirira kuti ziwonekere mwa diagonally mbali yoyang'ana kutsogolo kwa tebulo. Mu ichi malo otsetsereka amatha kukhazikitsidwa ku matabwa omwe m'mphepete mwake timakwera, ndi zomwe zingakhote ngati zithandizidwa ndi mphika wachitsulopa leek. Mwanjira imeneyi, tikhozanso kukonzekera positi ya nasatikmatabwa opaka mafuta (chithunzi 10, gawo 2).
 
Ngati tikukonza mbali yowonda kwambiri ya bolodi lalitali kuposa lalikulu amagwiritsidwa ntchito matabwa pothandizira, omwe amachotsedwa pansi nsonga zatebulo. Mitanda iyi ili ndi gawo la 6 x 6 cm, ndipo imatha kubwezeredwa pakati pa tebulo pamwamba ndi mbale yowonjezera yothandizira kutali pamwamba pa tebulo 6,2-6,5 cm. Timachotsa matabwa ngati pakufunika utali wofunikira ndipo timayika bolodi pa iwo obtikuyembekezera (chithunzi 10, gawo 3.)
 
Miyendo ndiyofunika pokonza zinthu zazitali zabwino kwambiri ndi zomwe tingathe kusintha kutalika kwake (mkuyu 11, gawo 1).
 
Tiyeneranso kutsindika kuti ndikofunikira kudula poyambira, Kuzama kwa 5-10 cm ndi 12 cm mulifupi, kutalika konse kwa kutsogolo m'mphepete mwa tebulo pamwamba, chifukwa akhoza kulandira zida kuti sitikuzifuna kwa kanthawi.
 
miyendo ya tebulo ndi bokosi la zida
CHITHUNZI 11
 
Pomaliza, tikuwonetsa bokosi losavuta lanyumba chida chomwe tingadalire. Titha kutenga bokosi ili ndi kumalo ena ogwira ntchito m'nyumba (chithunzi 11, gawo 2).
 
Mangels ntchito zitsulo, zochokera zofunikira zonse, siziyenera kulekanitsidwa ndi kauntala ya ukalipentala. Ayi ayenera kukhala olimba, amphamvu ndi okhoza kupirira kukankha ndi kukoka mphamvu (mwachitsanzo kusungitsa). Ndikoyenera kuvala mbale ya mengel ndi zitsulondi mbale ya PVC ya 0,5-1 mm wandiweyani. Iye ayenera kukhala lathyathyathya ndi oyenera kuchotsa mosavuta mafuta ndi dothi. Pazinthu zolumikizana ndizoyenera ngati zili patebulo lantchito sitimawotcherera, solder kapena kutentha, kutanthauza kuti izi chophimbacho sichiyenera kuwonetsedwa ndi zisonkhezero zamphamvu zotentha.
 
Mangles ofanana amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuvomereza zinthu. Mukamagula, musaiwale kugula mabotolo akuluakulu zinthu zing'onozing'ono zingathenso kukwanira, ndipo zazing'ono sizingagwirizane ndi zazikulu. Ma clamp okhala ndi nsagwada ndi abwino kwambiri pazolinga zapakhomo omwe ali pafupi 100 mm m'lifupi. Ndikwabwino, ngati mengele prikumangirira kumbali yakumanja ya kauntala, pafupi ndi miyendo. Zabwino ma vises amasinthidwa kuti ma workpieces akhale momwemo pansi pa mikono.
 
Timagwiritsa ntchito zida zosunthika zamanja ngati workpiece tigwira mdzanja lathu. Chowonjezera china chofunikira kwambiri mengela ndi chivundi, cha miyeso yaying'ono, yomwe timamenya nayo nyundo ndi kupinda zinthu. Chophimbacho chiyenera kumangirizidwa wononga pamwamba pa mwendo umodzi wa tebulo, chifukwa, mwinamwake, te yakekulemera ndi mphamvu ya nkhonya zingawononge msonkhano wa vise counter.
 
Mangels ayenera kuchitidwa mosamala. Zida zogwirira ntchito ayenera kumangika nthawi zonse pakati pa nsagwada. Ngati izi sizingatheke, chifukwa cha kutalika kwa chinthucho, ndiye kuti mapeto enawo akhale m’nsagwada ikani chidutswa cha makulidwe omwewo. Zikatero, sikudzakhala deforganizirani za nsonga za Mengele.
 
Mengele itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati chowotcha chaching'ono ngati, Pa iwo pali potulukira kuti asanthule.
 
Mbali yofunikira ya vise counter ndi chojambula cholimba cha fusekuyambira pakusiya, pomwe timayika omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri zida zoyezera ndi zowonjezera.
 

Nkhani zokhudzana nazo