kubowola magetsi

Kubowola kwamagetsi (gawo, mitundu ya kubowola, njira yogwirira ntchito)

Kubowola magetsi
 
Momwe mungayandikire molondola makina
 
M'masitolo lero mungathendi kusankha kwakukulu kwa makina ang'onoang'ono opandanim zowonjezera ndi zowonjezera ndi zapaderanim zida, zomwe zingatheke kukulitsa kwambiri gawo la ntchito. Ayenera kutchula, komabe, kuti makamakaamachita ndi makina otere amakhala abwinoko nthawi zonse phunzirani kuchita ndi zida zamanja monga momwe tingachitire pambuyo pake zonse ziwiripa makina. Mwanjira imeneyo tidzatero kukhala wokhoza kupeza mtundu weniweni wa makina zomwe tikusowa, ndipo nazokuyankhula zowonjezera, zolembandi zosowa zomwe zadziwika kale. Pa potsirizira pake, tidzatha kupanga makina bwino kugwiritsa ntchito. Ndi bwino kufufuza kale zisankho zogula, ngakhale zitapangidwa nkomwe amalipira. Ntchito yomweyo yochitidwa ndi dzanja la chikhumbondi nthawi yochuluka ndi khama; onjanji, kumbali yake, ili ndi yake mtengo, zimatenga malo, pulogalamukukonza kwanu. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndi bwino kumwaNdizovuta kudziwa kuchuluka kwa makinawo adzachita kugwiritsa ntchito mwezi umodzi, kapena chaka komanso ngati idzatha kugwira penapake popanda zovuta.
 
Pafupifupi tonsefe timakhulupirira zimenezo pang'ono tidzatha kuchita mwachangu komanso mosavuta ndi pomphamvu ya makina zomwe sitingathe kuchita kuchita ndi chida chamanja. Kwambirinthawi zambiri ndi chinyengo. Popeza tinapeza makina ndizida zachinyengo, pambuyo pa mndandanda za zoyesayesa zosapambana timazisiya ndi choyipa kwambiri, timasiya chinthu chonsecho gawo la ntchito. Mwamunayo amakhaladi kukhulupirira kuti gulu la ntchito, amene ndi makina opangidwa, mophweka kuposa luso lake. Kwenikweni, njira yomveka iyenera kutsatiridwa: choyamba phunzirani kuchita pamanja, ndipo pokhapokha kugula makina.
 
Ndani akudziwa kugwiritsa ntchito boondi spike, zidzakhala zolakwika, kapena ndi nsanandi zotsatira zomwe mukufuna, gwiritsani ntchito i kubowola magetsi. Ndani sakudziwa zimenezo macheka matabwa, mapanelo kapena laths macheka pamanja, amapeza zotsatira zoyipa nthawi zonse ndi chainsaw, ndi chiopsezo chovulala, makamaka ndi macheka ozungulira. Ndani sakudziwa zimenezo nola phala ndi mwala wabwiramena, sangathe kutero ngakhale kuzungulira njinga yamoto. Chakudya chamasana chanthawi imodziKuphunzira mwendo ndikodi zofunika tisanayandikire kugwira ntchito mothandizidwa ndi makina ndi chilichonse zowonjezera zambiri.
 
Kubowola magetsi
 
Malinga ndi ziwerengero, ku US eyiti banja la anthu khumi lili ndi mmodzi kubowola magetsi, komanso ku Velika Brikuonda zisanu ndi chimodzi mwa khumi. Kubowola magetsinkhope zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pobowola kutsegula, akhoza kuikidwa pa choyimira ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kubowola tebulo (monga kwenikweni "sensitive kubowola" mu mvutonic workshop) kapena atha kupitako phatikiza zida zozungulira. Inde, indekhungu kuti likhale ngati injini yoyendayendawoonda mndandanda wa kupitiriza zosiyanasiyana pretvakudula mu dzenje macheka, zozungulira macheka, kapena ngakhale mu lathe weniweni wa kalipentala. Kwenikweni imakhala ndi lamellar wosonkhanitsa ndi maburashi ndipo ali bwino inde, ngakhale pansi pa katundu, imakula torque yapamwamba. Injini imayamba shaft yomwe imanyamula imodzi yozungulira pamwamba mutu ndi ma grippers atatu omwe amakwanira kaleayenera kumangirizidwa kuzungulira tsinde la kubowola kapena zida zina zamanja. Kumangitsa kuchitidwa ndi kiyi, ngati kuli kofunikiramwendo wowonjezera womwe umayendera nthawi zonse ndi kubowolacus ndi yomwe ili yozungulira pafupi ndi pamwamba. Chinsinsi imayikidwa mu dzenje lolingana ndi ndi mano ndi magiya pa korona mitu. Izi zili choncho chifukwa imamanga kuboola pamanja sikungakhale kokwanira molimba, ndipo gwiritsani ntchito kiyi yosungidwandi nsagwada chitsulo mwamsanga kutsogolera kuwonongeka kwa mutu wokha.
 
Kubowola kwamagetsi nthawi zambiri kumakhala ndi mawonekedwe mfuti, pa chogwirira chake pali chosinthira magetsi opangira magetsi. Ndi ena m'mawu, mwa kukanikiza punch switchnkhope zimayamba kutembenuka; zake kuyitulutsa kuyimitsa kubowola. Kuphatikiza apo, pafupifupi mitundu yonse ili ndi sa mbali, pafupi ndi chosinthira, batani kwa kutsekereza. Momwemo kubowola ikugwirabe ntchito ngakhale zili choncho tinatulutsa switch. Sizikuwoneka choncho nthawi zambiri pobowola, koma makamakanom when the electric drill coimabangula ngati injini yamakina osiyanasiyana (makina amphero, kutembenuza lathe).
 
Zigawo zamkati
 
Zobowola zamagetsi zimayikidwa m'nyumbakapenanso zigawo zake zoyambirira: kutsinde mutu umene wagwiridwa pa chodzigudubuza cholimbabedi lakummwera lomwe limatetezedwa ku pranjanji ndi zimene kwenikweni safuna pansikupaka mafuta. The shaft motor transmit amazungulira pa tsinde la mutu kubowola kudzera pa giya imodzi ndi zonyamulira kuzizira fan. Ili mu chogwirira capacitor, yokhala ndi kapu yoyeneraceta yolumikizidwa ndi maburashi amoto, (kuthekera kumatengera mawonekedwe a motenga). Ntchito ya capacitor ndi ku kuchepetsa kutentha pakati pa maburashi ndi wosonkhanitsa pamene galimoto yamagetsi ikugwira ntchito. Kuwombera kungapangitse kusokoneza pakugwira ntchito kwa wailesi ndi wailesi yakanema m'zipinda zoyandikana (kung'ung'udza ndi mizere kudutsa chophimba), kotero izo ziri kale kulamulira kuti capacitors motsutsa zosokoneza zikuphatikizidwa osati mu elecmasewera olimbitsa thupi, komanso m'nyumba zonse zida zamagetsi zoyendetsedwa ndi motor ndi chosonkhanitsa ndi maburashi.
 
kubowola 
Single liwiro kubowola
 
Amaperekedwa m'masitolo lero kusankha kwakukulu kwa kubowola ndi kuti ndi chachikulu kusiyana kwa makhalidwe. Choyamba ndi chitsanzo chosavuta ndichosavuta komanso chotsika mtengochocheperako, chomangidwa mochulukira kapena kuchepera ngati zafotokozedwa pamwambapa. Maonekedwe okhawo amasintha, kulemera kwake (kuchokera pa kilogalamu imodzi ndi theka mpaka kupitirira). ma kilogalamu atatu), mphamvu (ya 200 volts kupitirira 400 volts) ndipo ndi osiyana dikukula kwa mabowola ndi zida zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kumangirira pamutu wozungulira. Ambiri pambali pa chogwirira, kubowola kulinso ndi chothandizira chogwirira chomwe chimayikidwa pambali ndi imakhazikika pamlanduwo, ndi omwe omoguzava kuti agwire ndikuwongolera bwino kubowola panthawi yogwiritsira ntchito.
 
Komabe, gawo lofunikira la gulu ili la eleczobowola patatu ndi kukhala basi liwiro limodzi logwira ntchito, lomwe lingathenso zambiri kusintha kuchokera chitsanzo kupita chitsanzo: chiwerengero cha kusintha pa mphindi imodzi ndi code ena 800, ena 1.800, 2.500 kapena kuposapo ngakhale 3.000. Choncho, ndi za kubowolamakamera othamanga kwambiri, chifukwa chake kugwiritsa ntchito kwawo ndi reIatively zochepa.
 
Mabowo okhala ndi ma liwiro angapo
 
Zopangira izi ndizosiyana ndi zakaleiwo m’mene angathe kutembenuka pa liwiro ziwiri kapena zinayi. Kapangidwe ndi chimodzimodzi monga tafotokozera kale, koma ndi zazikulu ndi zolemera, chifukwa ziri momwemo akuyenerabe kundisunga ine ndi magiyanacha. Apo ayi, gearbox imayamba kuchokerakunja pogwiritsa ntchito chogwirira choyenera. Gulu lachiwiri ili la kubowola ndi lokwera mtengo pafupifupi ndi 20-30%, koma amapereka zambiripitani mwayi waukulu wogwiritsa ntchito ndendende chifukwa liwiro likhoza kusinthidwa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ndi oyenera kubowola zipangizo zosiyanasiyana, chifukwa ena ali nazo ndikofunikira kuti liwiro likhale lochepa komanso mosemphanitsa. Liwiro lokonzedwa bwino limadziteteza kubowola ndi kubowola, ndipo mipata imapangidwa molondola kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo, kubowola- nkhope zokhala ndi ma liwiro awiri zimatha kusinthidwa pa 750 rpm, kapena pa 1.900, ndi chitini chobowola-liwiro anayi ali ndi 600, 850, 1900 ndi 2700 kusintha miniti.
 
Zolemba ndi variable mozungulira i zolimbitsa thupi
 
Gulu lachitatu la kubowola lili ndi ma elekitironindi skim chipangizo kuti wofanana inenja njira yozungulira mutu mu chimango chiwerengero chochepa kwambiri ndi chapamwamba kwambiri cha zosintha, i.e. pafupifupi kuyambira 0 mpaka, mwachitsanzo, 2000, kuchuluka kwa otembenuka ndi chiyaniine. Chipangizochi chimayatsidwa kunja pogwiritsa ntchito chogwirira, kaya ndi kubowola ikugwira ntchito, kaya yazimitsidwa.
 
Mitundu yophatikizidwa ikugulitsidwanso, zomwe, kuwonjezera pa gearbox, zilinso nazo mosalekeza zamagetsi zosintha. U zikatero, amachuluka kubowola miyeso, kulemera ndi mtengo, koma pa ma revs otsika, torque ndi apamwamba (ndi mphamvu ya injini yomweyo), kuposa m'mamodeli okhala ndi chosinthira, koma opanda gearbox. Torque yayikulu iyi, pa liwiro lotsika, ndikofunikira kwa ntchito zina zapadera.
 
Zoyeserera zamphamvu
 
Zochita zolimbitsa thupi (vikubowola nyundo, kubowola nyundo) khalani ndi chipangizo chomwe chitha kuyatsidwawerengani kapena osapatula ngati kuli kofunikira, ndi zomwe mutu pafupi ndi bwalo lakenog movement imawonjezera zambiri komanso mwachangu, praKusuntha kwa Volynian mmbuyo ndi mtsogolo.
 
Ndi ichi, chida, kuwonjezera kutembenuka ndi kugunda, i.e. kumenya pamwamba tilima. Zoyeserera zamphamvu zimatha kukhala single-ayizinske, akhoza kukhala ndi gearbox ndi awiri kapena maulendo anayi, akhoza kukhala ndi kusinthanjira yaulere yosinthira pogwiritsa ntchito electron variator, kapena, kuphatikiza, ndi ma liwiro angapo komanso kusiyanasiyana kwamagetsiliwiro torus. Analogously, mombali zake zimakhala zolemera, zazikulu, zazikulu mphamvu ndipo ndithudi okwera mtengo kwambiri. Zotsatirasagwiritsa ntchito chipangizocho makamaka akafuna kutero kubowola mizati yolimba ya konkriti, masitepe, makoma olimba a njerwa, makoma a miyala. Kunyumba, nthawi zambiritiyi, ntchito zoterezi sizichitika kawirikawiriiwo amakaniza. Pakhoza kukhala kufunika ikani choyikapo (dowel) mumpangidwe wina ya konkire yolimba, koma ndi chinachake khama kwambiri ndi kuleza mtima pang'ono kuti motidzachitanso ndi kubowola popanda kukhudza yendetsa. Zochita zolimbitsa thupi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa izi nthawi zambiri amatchulidwa ngati akatswiri zida. M'malo mwake, amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi akatswiri omwe amayika mipando yolendewera, elecma plumbers, plumbers, ogwira ntchitoomwe amakhazikitsa kukhazikitsa gasi, omanga omwe amaika masitepemipanda, zitseko ndi mafelemu mawindo, etc ngakhalenso osema amakono.
 
Kubowola kothamanga kwambiri, kapena ngakhale bwino, ndi electron mosalekezaskim variator, akhoza kuchita (pamene chipangizo chodzidzimutsa chazimitsidwa) chirichonse ntchito yopangidwa ndi obowola popanda za chipangizocho, kotero kuti ngakhale amateurs angathekuwatumikira popanda vuto. Koma apamwamba mtengo (womwe ukhoza kuwonjezeka kwambiri, ngakhale kawiri poyerekeza ndi mayankhozitsanzo zobangula popanda mantha pogona), sizingalungamitsidwe pogwiritsa ntchito pafupipafupi.
 
kubowola zimakhudza 
Liwiro lozungulira kutengera zakuthupi
 
Funso la liwiro, ndiko. za Revolutions mu mphindi za chotchinga chobowola magetsikoma ndi zofunika, ndipo tidzayesetsa kuchita zimenezo kusonyeza pa chitsanzo cha kubowola mabowo okhala ndi kubowola kozungulira. Zachidziwikire kuti liwiro lomwe m'mphepete mwa kubowola idadulidwakuchotsedwa kwa tchipisi kuchokera pazinthu (liwiro cutting) molingana ndi liwiro lozunguliranja kubowola (moteronso kubowola mitu), i.e. m'mimba mwake wa kubowola palokha. Ndi ena m'mawu, zikutanthauza kuti pa nambala yomweyo kusintha kwa kubowola, kuthamanga kwachangu, kapena kulowa muzinthu, kubowola zitsuloma diameter onse sali ofanana. Kuti zotsatira zake Opaleshoni inali yabwino, liwiro lozungulira silinali akhoza kudutsa malire, chifukwa nthawi zambiri amabowola. zimatenthetsa, zimatenthetsanso, (amataya kuuma) ndipo amataya msanga tsamba - palibenso mabala. Ndizokwanira masekondi angapo a ntchito pa chinachake vipa liwiro lalikulu, kotero kuti iwonongeke kubowola. Kubowola komwe kumatenthetsa kwambiridi, amasita pansi pa dzenje, m'malo mokhala amazama, ngakhale ataumiriramo, uyo ndi mphamvu timayesa protimagona mozama, koma popanda zotsatira.
 
Kuthamanga kolondola kumadalira za zinthu zoti zibowoledwe: ndi okwera matabwa, aluminiyamu ndi matabwaaloyi ndi mkuwa. Zambiri m'munsi ndi mulingo woyenera liwiro wamba zitsulo, ngakhale kutsika kwazitsulo zapadera, ndi chotsikitsitsa cha zitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri, mkuwa ndi mkuwa.
 
Kubowola mwachangu, ndi liwiro limodzi, choncho oyenera kubowola nkhuni ndi aluminiyamu, pamene zitsulo zina motidzabowola ndi tizibowola ang'onoang'ono diameters, ndendende chifukwa ayi tikanadutsa liwiro lovomerezeka lololedwapalibe kudula. Liwiro limenelo silichokera kwenikwenikulamulidwa: nthawi zonse ndi nkhani yololera kwambirichimene sitiyenera kuwoloka. Tinganene kuti kubowola pa liwiro (revs) pansi pabwino kwambiri, imayimira kutayika kwina mu vremenyu; koma khama lathu lidzapindula ndipo tigwira ntchito bwino.
 
Komabe, gwirani ntchito mwachangu kwambiri zabwino kwambiri, zimapangitsa kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yovuta kwambiri, ngati sichiyimitsanso, ndiye kuwononga zitsulo kubowola, amafuna mpakandi kuwononga khama ndi nthawi. Ngati ngakhale zili choncho timatha kuphulikatimasoka dzenje, nthawi zambiri timachita moyipa zachitika (m'mimba mwake wa dzenje amatuluka wamkulu kuposa m'mimba mwake mwa kubowola, imakhala ndi mawonekedwe oblique, otsetsereka osafunika, makoma a dzenje amakhala grooved, zinthu ndi overheated ndi zina zotero). Choncho, n'zoonekeratu kuti ngakhale ndi pamene tikufuna kubowola magetsi timangogwiritsa ntchito pobowola mabowoma diameter ochulukirapo (kuyambira 2-10 millimetersra), tiyenera kulabadira liwiro ndi kusankha pa kugula zitsanzo zapang'onopang'ono, osati zothamanga, ngati Inde, sitikutsimikiza kuti tidzatero gwiritsani ntchito nkhuni ndi aluminiyamu yokhaosachepera.
 
Maganizo amtunduwu amagwiranso ntchito kwa ena zida zomwe zitha kulumikizidwa nazo kubowola magetsi. Chida chilichonse, bio ndi rauta, sanding disc, rabala wodzigudubuza ndi ubweya wa kupukuta, mchenga kaamuna, burashi yachitsulo yozungulira kapena zina chida chachiwiri, chili ndi ntchito yake yabwino kwambiriliwiro la nu (motero liwiro lozungulira), zomwe wopanga nthawi zambiri amaziwonetsa kuyika. Ma liwiro awa ndi ambiri ndithu chachikulu koma chomveka: burashi yachitsulo ya kuchotsa utoto wakale kuchitsulo mipanda, tidzatha kuzigwiritsa ntchito pa vikuchuluka kwamadzi ozungulira; mphira disc wa 10-12 centimita kwa kupukuta mipando kapena magalimoto, muyenera kutero gwiritsani ntchito pa liwiro lotsika kwambiri. Vuto likuwoneka lomveka bwino komanso liti chipangizocho chimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chowongolera injini ya zida zosiyanasiyana zamakina; obrakuti zinthu zina ndi makina aliwonse ili ndi liwiro lake lokhalokha ntchito. Nthawi zambiri, pa makina wopanga amasonyeza chiwerengero cha zosintha pansi pomwe ntchito yabwino kwambiri imapezeka zotsatira. Tikaganiza zopita kukagulaChabwino, zobowola pamanja zamagetsi, ndiye tiyeni titchere khutu ku zomwe zili kumwamba zanenedwa kale: kubowola ndi moliwiro kusintha kachulukidwe (mwina pogwiritsa ntchito gearbox, mwina ndi electronic variatora), chifukwa kusintha kochepa ndikofunikira kwambiri kuchokera ku zazikulu.
 
Mwina funso lingadzutse bwanji kuti chachikulu choterocho chimaperekedwa kugulitsidwa nambala yachitsanzo cha liwiro limodzi, nthawi zina ndi manambala okwera kwambirirpm (ngakhale mozungulira 3000)? Kuyambiravor ndizosavuta: zamagetsi zamagetsi kubowola ntchito kunyumba kumayambira kuchokera ku USA, dziko lomwe womangamtengo uwu uli ndi zofunika kalasi yoyamba. Choncho, kupanga chida pokonza nkhunikuti pomanga nyumba ndi ambiri mu zanaLarry ndi ukalipentala, zinali zomveka. Ma Model okhala ndi mwayi wosintha noNdimasintha, pogwiritsa ntchito gearbox kapena electron variator, adawonekera pambuyo pake, ndi kusankha kochulukira zipangizo zosiyanasiyana kubowola ndi zake kugwiritsa ntchito ngati motere kwa zida zosiyanasiyana zamakina. Chifukwa ayi tsiku limadutsa osatuluka chatsopano chitsanzo cha zipangizo zina, amene kwambiri kumawonjezera mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito kubowola, kotero omanga amakwaniritsa bwino kwambirivaju, makamaka kubowola ndi zambiri liwiro. Ikhozanso kuwonjezeredwa kuchulukitsidwa kwa malowedwe oterowo Msika waku Europe komwe matabwa m'nyumba sichikuimiridwa kwambiri, ndipo chikuwonjezeka kugwiritsa ntchito zida zopangira zida zomwe mukufunaIu, zomwe zimafuna kuthamanga kwapansi obrwoonda kwambiri.
 
Kubowola ndi kubowola magetsi
 
Kubowola kwamagetsi kumatha kuchita chilichonse milandu m'malo nkhonya pamanjacu ndi zida zoom chiwerengero cha kusintha kwa mutu. Koma sangathe sinthani nambala ya kubowola m'chigongono ntchito ina ya ukalipentala, ngati mphika tiyenera kuboola mabowo akhungu, kapena mabowo akuluakulu awiri. Pobowola bowo m'makoma, (kupatula pa armirakonkire, njerwa zonse ndi miyala) pakuyika zoyikapo, wamagetsipa kubowola, makamaka ngati imagwira ntchito yokha pansi pa rpm yayikulu, osati kaleimapereka zokonda zambiri pamanja ndi kubowola khoma. Sitipeza ayikupulumutsa kwambiri osati mu khama kapena mu nthawimenyu, ndipo ngati tigwira mopanda luso, moNgakhale tidzawononga kwambiri (kuthyola matope kuzungulira dzenje, inde kubowola oval kapena dzenje lalikulu kwambiri, ndi zina). Tikachita sitirakandi kubowola, ndipo ndi wamphamvu kwambiri, tidzazipangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kwa ife eni komanso kufulumizitsa ntchito, koma ngakhale pamenepo tiyenera kugwira ntchitodemo mosamala, chifukwa ndi chitsanzo ichi kubowola pang'ono amalowa mosavuta ndi mofulumira m'dzenje, kotero sitizindikira ngakhale motalika bwanjimbali, ndipo tikhoza kuwononga mipope madzimadzi, gasi kapena magetsition, ndi ma conductor onse mmenemo. Choncho, ndi bwino poyamba timagwiritsa ntchito zida zamanja, ndi zamagetsi kubowola, makamaka ndi impact pogono, tiyeni tigwiritse ntchito pokhapokha titapeza zinachitikira.
 
Zobowola zitsulo zozungulira
 
Kubowola magetsi kungakhale okonzeka ndi osiyanasiyana kwambiri anawonjezerazipangizo motero kukula kwa ntchito zomwe angathe kuchita zimakula kwambiri. Komabe, nthawi zambiri zimayamba ndi malondandi chida chomwe chimangiriridwa mwachindunji kubowola mutu. Ndithudi, ife tidzayamba kupeza zobowola. Mitundu iwiri yofunikira zolimbitsa thupi tiyenera kukhala nazo onse a zida zitsulo ndi otchedwa amawona zoyeserera zomwe nsonga zake zikuchokera pano zitsulo zolimba. Tipeza zida mitundu yonse iwiri, pakukula kwa masikelo ndi theka la millimeter, kapena ngakhale theka kotala la millimeter, ngati tikufuna kuthana ndi ine ndekhahanikom.
 
Gulu loyamba la ma twist drills kuchokera chida chachitsulo chothamanga kwambiri kukhala wamkulu pang'ono. Zobowola mwachangumwendo wachitsulo, ngakhale penapake mtengo, chifukwa amataya tsamba lawo kwakanthawi kochepa ndipo sizigwira ntchitondi ntchito zamasewera kunyumba. Zili choncho chifukwa pali zida zambiri zamaseweraNola kwambiri kuposa nthawi zonse maganizo ndipo sitingathe kuchita kunyumba, ngakhale kugwiritsa ntchito tebulo sanderce ndi chipangizo chogwirira pobowola pa ngodya yoyenera ndi yomwe imathandizakotero kuti chobowola chimatembenuka pang'ono chopukusira ndi chakuthwa. Kuyambira munthu uyuGia sizokwera mtengo, ndizofunika kwambiri kukhala nazo Zitaye m'malo mozinola. Akachokape tikhoza kuwasunga pathengozamatabwa, zomwe nthawi zambiri sizifuna makamaka zobowola zakuthwa. Ndikhoza kutipatsa amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pobowola matailosi a ceramicchip ndi nyundo.
 
kubowola zidutswa 
Amawona zokopa
 
Yachiwiri, kuchokera ku otchedwa vidia kubowola (dzina limachokera ku imodzi mwa oyamba kwa kampani yomwe idayambitsa makina odulira pamsika chida chomwe masamba ake amawotcherera zitsulo zolimba) siziyenera kutero kukhala ochuluka monga yapitayo. Zovuta chitsulo ndi zinthu zopangira (kusakaniza wa njere zachitsulo ndi ufa zomwe zili pansi amatenthedwa ndi kukakamizidwa mpaka atapezeka compact alloys) momwe amapezeka mbewu zolimba kwambiri za carbide, tungsten kapena titaniyamu, pamodzi ndi ine winadongo limene limagwira ntchito ngati chomangira, chomwe chiri nthawi zambiri cobalt. Mitundu yambirizidutswa zazitsulo zolimbazi zimawotchedwa pa mbali ziwiri zogwirira ntchito za bur pamwambagies. Mwanjira iyi, masambawo amakhala osawoneka bwino pambuyo pa nthawi yayitali kwambiri koma masamba opangidwa kuchokera ku zabwino kwambiri zida zitsulo. Komanso, adawona zobowola amatha kupirira kuthamanga kwapamwamba chifukwa ali zambiri kugonjetsedwa ndi kutentha kwambirimatope omwe amakula panthawi yoboola. Inde, ndi okwera mtengo kwambiri kuposa ma spiralsza kubowola kwa zida zothamanga kwambiri zitsulo.
 
Kubowola konkire yolimba
 
Zoyeserera za Vidia zimatilola kutero m’nyumba timaboola mizati, kapena denga la konkire lokhazikika. Tidzachita izi mosamala, awiri ndi atatu kuyesa. Pele tulakonzya kucita oobo awiri ang'onoang'ono (ndi kubowola kwa 3mm mwachitsanzo), ndiye titerokubowolanso ndi tizibowo tambiri, unitkapena kawiri, mpaka titapeza dzenje la m'mimba mwake lomwe mukufuna (mpaka maxpafupifupi 10 mm). Kwa mabowo akuluakulu m'mimba mwake, tifunika kubowola yokhala ndi mphamvu yoyendetsa ndi korona burgiju (mkati mkati mwake, ndi mano otero amagawidwa kutsogolo mozungulira mozungulira bwaloayi).
 
Mwa njira, amisiri onse amakwinya akamachita amakamba za kubowola konkire yolimba, chifukwa zobowola ndizowonongeka (i sangagwiritsidwenso ntchito kwa inetal), ndipo kusweka kungachitikenso kuboola okha. Pomaliza, pali mtedzaluso kubowola mabowo kukhala monyanyiratriangular, oval kapena oblique. Komabe, m'nyumba kawirikawiri amayandikira kubowola arwa konkriti wokhazikika komanso mothandizidwa ndi kufotokozerandondomeko ndi kuleza mtima pang'ono kawirikawirikoma wina amachita bwino pabizinesiyo.
 
Zida zam'manja zokhala ndi shaft kusala mumutu wamagetsi kubowola
 
Pali zida zambiri zomwe zimasiyana kubowola choncho ndi oyenera ntchito zina, zomwe mwanjira yomweyo timagwirizanitsa pamutu wa kubowola (malinga ndimphamvu ya chitsulo chachitsulo chomwe chimanyamula chidakuti). Izi makamaka ndi zida zopera amitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi miyeso (ya skidzitsulo peels), popera mfundonsonga zatsopano. Ndiye pali glodaci, ndiye maburashi achitsulo okhala ndi waya ulusi wofanana kapena wozungulira mozungulirakuyikidwa molingana ndi mzere wozunguliranja, ndi zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito pochotsa utoto ndi dzimbiri pazitsulo. Palinso ma rubber ma discs omwe timayika ma akuperazitsulo zopangira bwino zazitsulochopangidwa bwino kuposa ndi chitsulo thzisa, ubweya wopukuta zitsulo, etc. Sizingatheke kupereka chithunzithunzi chonse apa zida zamitundu yonse yozungulira ndi ntchito ya magetsi buspike akhoza kugwiritsa ntchito. Mu chilichonse mu chitsulo chokonzekera bwinopali ma catalogs a masitolo am'deralo mwa zida izi, ndipo tidzazipeza kumeneko mosavuta zomwe mukufunikira pazinthu zina ntchito, ndi kupeza zambiri zatsopano mankhwala omwe adachokera ku prozochokera.
 
zida zozungulira
Chingwe chowonjezera
 
Kuwonjezera kwapadera, kapena bwino, awiriwo pamodzi, tiloleni ife chida chosunthika chofotokozedwa pamwambapa, onanitimafunikira ntchito yosavuta komanso yabwinono udindo. Izi ndi zoyenera poyimilirapo pobowolapo (wopanga aliyense ali nazo posankha magawo amitundu yawo yobowola) ndi kufala kusinthasintha - rotary imodzi chingwe ndi chogwirira ndi mutu mofanana amenenso ndi mutu wa kubowola, mmene angathemutha kulumikiza chilichonse mwazomwe zatchulidwazi zida zamanja. Mwanjira iyi, kubowola tikhoza kulimbikitsa ndipo chida chimatsogolerazan chingwe kuika mu zabwino kwambiri udindo wa ntchito. Mwa njira, zingwe ngati izi amapangidwa mosiyanasiyana (ngakhale ndi kutalika kwa mita).
 
Chifukwa chake, chotsani mpanda wina, kuchokerakusita mipando, polyrati ena zitsulo pamwamba, kwambiri ndikosavuta ndi chowonjezera ichi, kuposa pamene tiyenera kusunga zonse kubowola manja ndi kuwasuntha iwo mbali zosiyanasiyana maudindo. Ndikofunika kuti maimidwewo amene agwira chibowolo akhale bwino adjanachita.
 
 kubowola pa stand
 
Zina zowonjezera zamagetsi kubowola
 
Masitolo amapereka zambiri komanso zosiyanasiyananog Chalk kwa kubowola magetsi chomwe chiri penapake pakati pawonjezedwanog zowonjezera ndi zapadera, zapadera zida zamakina. Kotero, mwachitsanzo, akhoza kupeza kasupe yodzaza screwdriver ndi kukangana kolumikizana komwe kuli pafupifupikunyambita pa kubowola magetsi, pa malo a mutu. Mukakanikiza, screwdriver imayamba kutembenuka (ikufunika low speed kubowola) kuyambira awiri wa chinthu cholumikizira kumamatira ku chimodzi pamodzi ndi ena ndi kufalitsa zoyenda mozungulira kuchokera pagalimoto yamagetsi mpaka kunsonga kwa screwdriver. Mukakakamiza kwambiri, screwdriver imamasuka kwambiri imazungulira mwachangu. Chipangizo chomwecho chingathe khalani ndi makiyi a tubularma, ndipo kotero kuti amatumikira kumangitsa screwiye ndi mtedza. Fast ndi chida ichitidzasunga nthawi yambiri tiyenera kumasula kapena kuwononga zambiri zomangira. Poyamba ndikuyika screw kumachitika ndi dzanja, koma patapita nthawi yaitali komanso yotopetsa zimachitika pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi buspikes.
 
Chowonjezera china, chomwe chimayikidwapakati pa kubowola ndi socket athekuchepetsa ndi kusintha liwiro kubowola. Ndi chipangizo kuti amasintha ma voltages pogwiritsa ntchito mizere. Pa izo njira inali mwina kubowola kapena chinachakemakina okhala ndi chitoliro chamagetsi sinthani kukhala chitsanzo chotheka kusintha liwiro.
 
Palinso zowonjezera zowonjezera zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito wokwera pamutu wa kubowola ndi amene omokuthamangira kusonkhanitsa, panthawi ya ntchito, utuchi kapena fumbi (ngati akugwira ntchito pakhoma kapena denga). Monga chowonjezera chowonjezera cha kubowola magetsi amapangidwanso adapmalo omwe amalola kuti apangidwe pa kubowola mutu zida zimene akanatero zimafuna mutu waukulu kapena wosiyana. Monga mtundu wa chida, palinso propeller zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chibowolocho chigwiritsidwe ntchitotidzakhala ngati chosanganiza cha utoto wapakhoma; ma varnish, ndi zosakaniza zosiyanasiyana za gu ang'onoang'onoadzatani. Pomaliza, ngati izo ziri bwino kutsukidwa, akhoza kutumikira monga chosakanizira kukhitchini komanso.
 
Popeza zonse komazida zatsopano zatsopano ndi zowonjezera, sikuli kunja kwa funso kuti mwa apo ndi apo kuti chitukuko kuyendera akatswiriosati zochita.
 
kubowola magetsi pa stand
Bowola choyimilira
 
Mu ntchito zamakina, nthawi zambiri mophewa kubowola mabowo ndendende malo ena, kapena ang'onoang'ono maphunziro. Ndicho chifukwa chake opanga kubowola pamanja kumapereka chapaderapazitsulo zokhala ndi lever yotsitsa kapena kukweza kubowola. Patsamba lapansiayi, choyimiliracho chili mu mawonekedwe a tebulo laling'ono pomwe workpiece imayikidwa. Tisanayambe ntchito, tiyenera kukonza workpiece pogwiritsa ntchito flat vise. Imani (ima) ndi kubowola motero kupanga tebulonu kubowola - makina omwe si opkupezeka ku misonkhano yonse yamakanikokoma Mu slang amachitcha "kumverera".va", chifukwa kuthamanga kwa kubowola kuli kutsogoloamatha kuzindikira ndikuwongolera chandamale bwino pamwamba pa myendo, kuti iye wakuchigwirayo ndi makina amadziwa ndendende ngati kubowola pang'ono imadutsa bwino.

Nkhani zokhudzana nazo