Ịkpọ nkụ na petrolatum

Ịkpọ nkụ na petrolatum

 N'ụlọ ọrụ nhazi osisi nke ụlọ ọrụ ihe owuwu, a na-ejikwa ihicha osisi sawn na petrolatum. Petrolatum bụ ihe mkpofu enwetara n'oge nhazi mmanụ mmanụ maka mmanu mmanu.

Ọ bụ ngwakọta nke paraffin, ceresin na mmanụ viscous dị ọcha. Na okpomọkụ nke 20petrolatum nwere agba ahịhịa-edo edo. Nnukwu ike ndọda ya bụ ihe dịka 0.9, ebe agbaze 250o, ọgwụgwọ okpomọkụ 50o. Oriri nke petrolatum maka ihicha 1m nke osisi coniferous sitere na 20 ruo 25 n'arọ. Ọnụahịa nke ihicha dị otú ahụ dị ala karịa ọnụ ahịa ihicha na ụlọ ihicha.

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Ihe onyonyo 1: Ngwaọrụ maka ikpo nkụ na petrolatum: 1 - egwu Decoville; 2 - akpa; 3 - ụgbọ okporo ígwè crane; 4 - kreenu; 5 - ventilashion n'akụkụ ụlọ ahụ dum; 8 - akwụkwọ ndekọ ọkụ; 9 - ihe nkedo slag; 10 - mkpuchi ụrọ

Owuwu nke igwe nkụ mmanụ (foto 1) dị nnọọ mfe. Ọ na-agụnye tankị ígwè a na-etinye n'ime olulu mmiri ma jiri akwa ajị anụ kpuchie ya maka mkpuchi ọkụ. Na ala nke tank, e nwere ọkpọkọ maka kpo oku petrolatum, nke uzuoku ma ọ bụ ikuku gas na-abanye. A na-etinye osisi sawn n'ime arịa pụrụ iche, nke a na-agbada n'ime tank nke nwere mmanụ ọkụ na-ekpo ọkụ na-eji igwe eletrik.

Ogologo oge ihicha na-adabere na okpomọkụ, nke maka ihe ndị dị nro nwere ike iru 140o na maka ndị abụba kacha 110o. Dị ka data ahụ si kwuo, osisi sawn dị 25 mm site na iru mmiri 45% ruo 15% iru mmiri na-akpọnwụ n'ime awa 3, na oke 40-45 mm - n'ime awa 8. Akụkụ 100 x 100 mm na-akpọnwụ n'ime awa 22-24, nke dị ihe dịka 15-20 ugboro ngwa ngwa karịa ihicha n'ime ụlọ uzuoku.

Mgbe ihichachara, a ga-edobe ihe ahụ n'ime ụlọ dị jụụ ma ọ bụ n'ụlọ nkwakọba ihe maka ụbọchị abụọ ruo ụbọchị atọ, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, a ga-edozi ya na igwe.

Ogo ihicha nke coniferous na coarsely porous osisi na-eju afọ kpamkpam. Osisi oak na osisi nke conifer ụdị nke nnukwu cross-ngalaba mgbe a mịrị amị na petrolatum na-enye a bukwanu ego nke scrap n'ihi na e guzobere esịtidem cracks. Petrolatum na-abanye n'ime osisi ihicha ruo omimi nke 2 mm; na nke a, a na-eme ka osisi ahụ na-egbu egbu, ma petrolatum ogbugbo, nke a na-emepụta n'oge usoro a, na-eme ka o sie ike iji ígwè rụọ osisi. Na mgbakwunye, enwere ike ịhụ nkesa mmiri na-enweghị isi n'elu osisi sawn a mịrị amị, nke dị iche site na 6 ruo 14% dabere n'ụdị osisi.

 

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