Qhov zoo ntawm CLT kev tsim kho

6 qhov zoo ntawm CLT multi-layer glued panels siv tshuab

Hauv tsab xov xwm dhau los "Kev tsim kho tshiab - CLT"Peb tau qhia koj txog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm CLT kev tsim kho, thiab hauv cov ntawv no peb yuav sau rau qhov zoo tshaj plaws uas muaj los ntawm CLT engineering.

Txoj cai thaum pib, peb yuav taw qhia tias txhua qhov txiaj ntsig zoo tsim nyog thiab nrog txhua qhov kev kawm ntawm thaj chaw no, cov txiaj ntsig tau ntws los ntawm ib teev. Txawm li cas los xij, peb yuav qhia txog 6 qhov pom tseeb tshaj plaws rau tam sim no.

Kev siv tshuab ntawm ntau txheej glued ntoo panels sawv cev rau niaj hnub siv tshuab niaj hnub no thiab ib yam dab tsi uas yuav muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau yav tom ntej. Tshawb nrhiav hauv qab no yog CLT pheej yig tsuas yog rau cov neeg uas muaj hnab ris tob.

Advantage 1 - Sustainability

Lub durability ntawm ntoo twb paub zoo heev, tab sis nws tsis yog phem los rov ua dua. Cov ntoo ua zoo li daim txhuam cev uas nqus cov pa roj carbon dioxide los ntawm huab cua. Thaum nqus cov pa roj carbon dioxide, tsob ntoo ib txhij tso pa oxygen rau hauv huab cua. Thaum cov ntoo "nqus" cov pa roj carbon monoxide, nws yog tom qab tso tawm ntawm cov ntoo tsuas yog tias nws qhuav lawm los yog nws raug hlawv. Thaum cov ntoo ua tiav mechanically, carbon dioxide yog daig hauv cov khoom molded.

Los ntawm kev siv cov khoom siv ntoo rau kev tsim kho, cov khoom siv yuav txo cov pa roj carbon dioxide:

  • 1m3 CLT panels yuav tshem tawm 0.8 tons ntawm carbon dioxide los ntawm huab cua, yog li ntawd 1m3 CLT panels yuav muaj qhov nruab nrab ntawm 240 mus rau 250 kg ntawm carbon dioxide nyob rau hauv lawv
  • Kev tsim cov cement ua rau emission ntawm 870 kg ntawm carbon dioxide ib tuj ntawm cov cement ("Kev lag luam cement ua lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb hauv kev hloov pauv huab cua", Dr
    Robert McCaffrey rau "Cement thiab txiv qaub"ib magazine
  • Kev tsim cov cement tsim txog 1.75 tons ntawm carbon dioxide emissions ib qho ntawm ib tuj hlau (Cov Carbon Trust)
  • Granular slag (tus qauv sib xyaw ntawm 40-50%) tuaj yeem txo cov pa roj carbon dioxide, tab sis tsuas yog li ntawm 100-130kg ib tonne (Ecocem)

CLT ntoo vaj huam sib luag tuaj yeem tsim tau siv cov cuab yeej ua pa phem, tsis tshua muaj zog, dej tshiab tsawg thiab xoom feem pua ​​pov tseg hauv kev tsim khoom.

CO2 emissions hauv kev tsim kho

Advantage 2 - Cov yam ntxwv durability

Multi-layer nplaum structural panels yuav siv tau rau lub tsev ntsiab (phab ntsa, pem teb, ru tsev) los yog raws li ib feem ntawm hybrid kev tsim kho, thiab ua tsaug rau cov txheej txheem "décorative lamination" ntau lawm, nws muaj peev xwm tsim cov dimensionally ruaj khov panels ntawm ntau yam duab zoo nkauj. . Lub siab nruj ntawm cov panels muab qhov tseem ceeb robustness thiab phab ntsa cov ntsiab lus uas tuaj yeem txuas ntxiv ua cantilever. Cov txheej txheem muaj peev xwm ntawm cov hniav laminated ntoo zoo ib yam li cov pob zeb thiab tuaj yeem siv rau cov ntawv zoo sib xws.

Ib qho kev txhawj xeeb loj tshaj plaws rau cov neeg siv khoom kawg nrog cov khoom siv ntoo thiab cov ntoo ntoo hla kev tsim kho yog hluav taws. Qhov ntshai yog tias ib lub tsev tsim los ntawm cov ntoo yuav hlawv tag nrho yog tias muaj hluav taws, tab sis qhov tseeb, nws yog ntoo; ib yam li iav yuav yaj, ib yam li pob zeb yuav tawg. Ib lo lus nug tseem ceeb yog qhov tseeb qhov kev kwv yees ntawm cov khoom siv hauv qhov hluav taws kub thiab ntev npaum li cas nws tuaj yeem hlawv yam tsis poob nws cov khoom. Ntoo yog qhov tseeb heev nyob rau hauv hluav taws - txheej txheej ntawm ntoo khaub lig-laminated ntoo vaj huam sib luag yuav ntes hluav taws ua ntej, ces tsim ib txheej ntawm rwb thaiv tsev uas muab 30,60, XNUMX los yog ntau tshaj feeb ntawm hluav taws kub, nyob ntawm seb tus naj npawb thiab qhov loj ntawm lub vaj huam sib luag.

hlawv ntoo

Qhov zoo 3- Kev tsim kho yooj yim

CLT systems tau suav nrog hauv MMC thev naus laus zis vim tias txoj kev tsim kho yooj yim thiab nrawm. Cov vaj huam sib luag feem ntau yog nruab nrog tus kheej tapping ntoo screws thiab steel kev txhawb nqa, uas ua rau cov txheej txheem nrawm dua piv rau cov khoom siv hauv tsev. Cov yees duab http://youtu.be/bURy80-ZE7Y qhia txog kev tsim kho vaj tse nyob hauv Highgate (United Kingdom) tsim los ntawm "NTSHAV"siv CLT panels muab los ntawm nws"KLH UA". Vim yog qhov ua tau zoo ntawm cov khoom lag luam ua vaj huam sib luag, caulking, piv txwv li, huab cua nruj ntawm cov pob qij txha, tuaj yeem ua tiav nrog pre-compressed ua npuas ncauj thiab / los yog daim kab xev tshwj xeeb uas yog glued hla cov pob qij txha sab nraud. Cov laminated panels sai sai muab cov khoom qhuav, huab cua tiv thaiv sab nraum zoov yam tsis muaj cov khoom siv ib ntus, qhov no muab cov txheej txheem tiv thaiv sab nraud uas ua zoo li lub plhaub uas tuaj yeem ua dej tsis tau sai heev. lub sijhawm los xaiv seb nws xav tau ib puag ncig uas exudes lub ntuj saib ntawm ntoo los yog cov phab ntsa yuav npog nrog lwm cov ntaub ntawv. Raws li cov panels raug tsim los ntsuas nyob rau hauv lub Hoobkas, pov tseg ntawm qhov chaw installation yog tsawg thiab cov txheej txheem kev tsim kho yog nyob ntsiag to. thiab ntxuav nrog cov cuab yeej thiab cov cuab yeej tsawg tsawg piv rau cov qauv kev tsim kho ib txwm siv.

Kev tsim kho CLT

Qhov zoo 4 - txuag nyiaj

Tus nqi ntawm kev tsim lub tsev siv CLT vaj huam sib luag thev naus laus zis yuav tsum tau saib hauv cov ntsiab lus dav dua thiab ntev dua. Dab tsi yog muab los ntawm kev suav tam sim no ntawm kev tsim kho, thaum lub sij hawm exploitation ntawm cov khoom, dhau los ua ib tug xam uas yog heev txaus siab amortized los ntawm cov neeg siv. Kev txuag nqi nrog qhov kev tsim kho no tau txais thoob plaws hauv lub neej ntawm qhov project tsim. Kev tsim kho ceev txo qhov kev tsim kho tag nrho, uas ua rau txo qis hauv kev ua haujlwm ua ntej ntawm tus neeg cog lus, txo tus nqi ntawm tus neeg cog lus thiab txo cov nqi tsim kho rau cov neeg siv khoom kawg. Kev txo qis ntawm tag nrho cov nqi tsim kho yog nyob ntawm:

  • Tsawg qhov hnyav hauv tag nrho cov qauv ua rau muaj kev lag luam ntau dua substructure / foundation tsim (tsawg pob zeb)
  • Kev npaj yuav nrawm dua; piv txwv. cov qhov rais tuaj yeem txiav txim ua ntej vim tias muaj cov qib siab ntawm qhov tseeb uas tau muab los ntawm CNC txiav

Qhov zoo 5 - Txuag sijhawm

Raws li twb tau piav lawm, qhov ua tau zoo ntawm kev tsim kho nrog cov ntoo panels no tuaj yeem ua kom txuag tau lub sijhawm tseem ceeb ntawm qhov project. Raws li cov ntaub ntawv uas tau tsim nyob rau hauv factories, nws tsis xav tau lwm yam ntaub ntawv thaum lub sij hawm tsim kho, yog li ntawd tsawg tus neeg koom nyob rau hauv kev tsim kho, thiab CLT panels tuaj txog ntawm qhov chaw npaj rau kev sib dhos. Cov nyiaj khaws cia hauv qab no tau ua tiav:

  • Kev tsim kho - txog 30-50% sai dua
  • Kev txhim kho qhov rais thiab qhov rooj - 20-30% sai dua
  • Installation - 20-30% sai dua

Advantage 6 - Tsim tau yooj yim

Txoj hauv kev uas CLT cov vaj huam sib luag tuaj yeem raug txiav thiab xa mus tso cai rau kev tsim qauv yooj yim thiab kev ywj pheej ntawm kev tsim vaj tsev.

CLT kev tsim kho 2

Txhawm rau siv lub peev xwm loj ntawm CLT, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas yuav tsum muaj cov qauv tsim kom pom tseeb uas tau kos npe ua ntej los ntawm cov neeg siv khoom thiab tag nrho pab pawg tsim, vim tias qhov tseeb thiab qhov tseeb ntawm qhov phiaj xwm nws tus kheej (kev npaj) yog qhov tseem ceeb raws li qhov kev tsim kho nws tus kheej.

Ntoo yog cov khoom siv uas yooj yim rau kev ua, thiab niaj hnub CNC tshuab muab qhov ua tau zoo ib yam ntawm cov khoom haum thiab nkhaus, txoj kev tsim qauv thiab cov kws tsim qauv pom nws.

Txog tam sim no, ntau dua 280 lub tsev zoo li no tau tsim hauv Tebchaws Askiv. Txij li thaum paub txog cov tswv yim zoo li no tau loj hlob nyob rau xyoo tas los no, ntau lub tuam txhab tau tsim cov khoom siv zoo li no. Architect Alec de Rijke hais tias: "Yog hais tias lub xyoo pua 19th yog lub xyoo pua ntawm steel, lub xyoo pua 20th ntawm pob zeb, ces nws yog Xyoo pua 21st muaj feem xyuam nrog kev tsim ntoo".

Cov lus hais txog