cov ntaub ntawv

Sawing, ntaub ntawv, hais txog drilling ...

Pom txiav

 
Thaum piav txog kev ua haujlwm ntawm kev ua ntoo, muaj ntau lo lus hais txog kev txiav ntoo. Yeej, nws yuav luag tib cov txheej txheem ntawm kev txiav hlau nrog lub saw. Peb khaws cov saw hauv kab rov tav txoj hauj lwm kom lub spikes ntawm cov hniav tuav cov hlau (Daim duab 1).
 
saw txiav
DUAB 1
 
Ib rooj plaub tshwj xeeb yog txiav cov yeeb nkab. Yog saws txiav phab ntsa khoov, nws cov hniav ib txhij txiav ob sab ntawm cov yeeb nkab, a qhov no feem ntau ua rau cov hniav tawg. Kom zam tau lawv cov inconveniences, thaum lub sij hawm ua hauj lwm peb tig lub raj nyob rau hauv mangels yog li ntawd tus saw tsuas txiav ib sab xwb. Yog peb txiav cov yeeb nkab nyias-walled, peb muab ib puag ncig ntoo bar nyob rau hauv nws zoo li no tias nws yog nruj nreem tso rau ntawm cov yeeb nkab phab ntsa. Yog phab ntsa cov kav dej nrog lub thickness hauv qab 1 hli, peb txiav lawv nrog ib txhais tes me me nrog ib tug carving saw.
 

Cov ntaub ntawv

 
Txawm niaj hnub no, locksmiths ua dag txog lawv cov tub ntxhais kawmtsis muaj kev ua haujlwm zoo thaum lawv xa lawv mus rau lub tsev khaws khoom lawv tab tom nrhiav cov ntaub ntawv roj. Nws paub zoo tias roj thiab rog yog yeeb ncuab cov ntaub ntawv, vim lawv tiv thaiv kev sib cais ntawm cov khoom me me ntawm hluav taws xoblus. Lub luag haujlwm ntawm qhov cuab yeej siv dav no yog los pab nias nrog nws cov hniav, cov ntaub ntawv thiab tib lub sijhawm tshem tawm tsis tsim nyog txheej ntawm hlau. Yog tias nws nyob hauv qab cov hniav me me lubricant, lawv ces tsis "tom", tab sis swb rau saum npoo ntawm cov khoom rau kev kho mob. Nws ua raws li cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum tau khaws cia tsis muaj roj. Lawv yog siv rau ntau yam ntawm cov hlau nto ntau hom ntaub ntawv sib txawv ntawm qhov loj, cov duab thiab hla ntu.
 
Qhov ntev ntawm cov ntaub ntawv yog li ntawm 100 mus rau 500 hli, thiab lawv tuaj yeem ua tau tiaj tus, puag ncig, semi-puab, daim duab peb sab thiab quadrangular.
 
Raws li txoj kev ntawm cov hniav, peb paub qhov txawv ntawm ntxhib, semi-zoo thiab ob daim ntawv zoo. Thaum cov ntaub ntawv hnav, nws txiav tuaj yeem rov ua dua tshiab. Cov ntaub ntawv zoo li no pheej yig dua. Nws raug foob xaus nrog ib tug ntse ntsis uas yog embedded nyob rau hauv ib tug ntoo kov.
 
Hauv kev cob qhia hauv tsev, nws yuav tsum muaj ntau yam ntaub ntawv section, np. tiaj tus, ib nrab puag ncig thiab ib thooj txhua ntxhib thiab zoo heev cov ntaub ntawv ntawm 150 mm ntev. Nws yog qhov tsim nyog thiab lwm txheej ntawm cov ntaub ntawv nrog triple hniav, ntev 120 mm (ua hauj lwm nto ntawm cov ntaub ntawv): tiaj tus, square, daim duab peb sab, puag ncig thiab riam-file. Cov ntaub ntawv no tsis muaj polawv siv ntoo kov, vim lawv me me thiab zoo heev uas lawv siv tau tam sim ntawd tuav tes. Nws tsis yog superfluous muab thiab cov ntaub ntawv tshwj xeeb rau kev ua cov hlau mos (aluminium, ntawm lead).
 
Thaum peb xa ib yam khoom, peb tuav nws nrog peb sab laug tes qhov ntxeev ntawm cov ntaub ntawv, thiab tuav nrog sab tes xis, nias cov ntaub ntawv peb rub nrog tib lub dav hlau thiab hauv txoj kev no cov ntaub ntawv (daim duab 2). Peb muab lub workpiece tso rau hauv lub vise ntawm qhov siab luj tshib.
 
ua ntaub ntawv
DUAB 2
 
Cov txheej txheem ntawm kev ua ntaub ntawv hlau tsis ntau txawv ntawm ua ntej paub txoj kev ua ntaub ntawv ntoo. Raws lipeb yuav tsum ua lub workpiece, peb siv cov ntaub ntawv tsim nyog profile. Thaum ua ntaub ntawv ntug ntawm ib yam khoom, peb tuav cov ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv ib txoj hauj lwm kab rov tav thiab ntawm ib lub kaum sab xis ntawm  45 ° nyob rau hauv kev sib raug zoo ntawm ntug uas nws kawg yog ze rau peb mus rau lwm kawg. Shaping ntawm txiav ntug, nyob rau hauv ncaj ces kaum, peb ua nws nrog ib tug ca cov ntaub ntawv tig upside down (Lub dav hlau ntawm lub cuab yeej yog kab rov tav), thiab kev tshem tawm cov txheej tuab yog dav dua ib feem ntawm cov ntaub ntawv no (daim duab 2).
 
Thaum siv cov ntaub ntawv, qhov chaw nruab nrab ntawm cov hniav yog puv thiab lub cuab yeej tuav tsawg thiab tsawg. Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum dunrog chalk los tiv thaiv clogging. Chalk hmoov onemolub jamming ntawm hlau shavings nruab nrab ntawm cov hniav. Yog tias nws tshwm sim, peb yuav tshem cov shavings nrog tus txhuam hniav txhuam hniav. Thaum peb muab cov ntaub ntawv tso tseg peb yeej tsis tso lawv nyob saum ib leeg, vim kev sib txhuam txiav ruin. Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj los siv lawv tom qab siv dai nws kom tus kov nyob rau hauv txoj hauj lwm ntsug. Yuav ua li cas peb yuav tsum tsis txhob pleev roj, so lawv thiab tawm mus nyob rau hauv ib qho chaw qhuav kom lawv tsis corrode.
 
Thaum kawg, tsuas yog ib daim ntawv qhia ntxiv: cov ntaub ntawv tsis "catch" cov hlau cov cuab yeej thiab cov hlau tawv. Lawv tsuas tuaj yeem "tsis muaj zog" los ntawm kev xuab zeb phaj.
 

Hais txog drilling

 
Nws twb tau piav qhia nyob rau hauv qeb "tus kws ntoo hauv tsev". muaj kuj tau tham txog kauv laum rau drilling hlau, vim tam sim no peb yuav taw qhia tsuas yog qee qhov haujlwm ua haujlwm.
 
Peb yuav tsum xyuam xim hais tias thaum lub sij hawm drilling axis ntawm lub laum ntsis nws tsis hloov nws txoj hauj lwm tab sis tseem nyob hauv tib txoj hauj lwm mus txog thaum kawg raws li nws muaj thaum pib ntawm hlau drilling. Drilling qhov arc axes tseem tsis tau ua tau txawm tias niaj hnub no, yog li nws feem ntau tshwm sim li ntawd kev paub txog masters tsis yog xa lawv cov tub ntxhais kawm tawm rau lube rau cov ntaub ntawv, tab sis kuj rau laum khoom rau drilling arc qhov.
 
Drilling yuav tsum tsis txhob pib yam tsis muaj qhov cim thawj zaug qhov chaw ntawm drilling nrog ib tug marker - "kirner" (daim duab 3). Thaum lub qhov tob tob, lub laum me ntsis raug tshem tawm ob peb zaug ntawm lub qhov qhov los tshem cov shavings. Yog hais tias lub laum me ntsis heats li, Peb txias nws nrog xab npum uas yaj hauv dej, thiab tsis txhob nrog lwm yam roj. Peb yuav tshem tawm qhov tawg laum me ntsis ntawm lub qhov, nrog ib qho taw tes nrog pliers thiab tig lub pliers nyob rau hauv opposite kev taw qhia txav ntawm kauv zawj. Yog tias lub laum tau tho qhov ua haujlwm daim, thiab qhov tawg tseem nyob rau hauv lub qhov, peb tuaj yeem tsoo nws nrog ib tug spike bookmark. Nyias twist xyaum nyob rau hauv siab dua yooj yim heev lawv tawg. Qhov hnyav ntawm qhov xyaum yog txaus ntawm lub nra rau lawv. Thaum muas, koj yuav tsum xyuas kom meej tias lub laum tuaj yeem haum rau hauv chuck.
 
cim qhov chaw drilling
DUAB 3
 
Dab tsi ntawm qhov yuav tau drilled nyob ntawm ntau yam ntawm yav dhau los kev npaj ntawm lub workpiece. Yog li ntawd, peb yuav qhia qee yamuas ua haujlwm ua haujlwm thaum npaj.
 
Ua ntej drilling tej hlau, peb yuav tsum kos nws kom raug drilling taw tes nrog ob kab sib tshuam ntawm txoj cai kaum. Qhov chaw ntawm qhov drilling yog nyob ntawm qhov chaw ntawm kev sib tshuam ntawm cov kab no. Nws yuav yooj yim tshaj los kos kab yog tias lawv sib npaug rau cov npoo workpiece, thiab peb tuaj yeem ua qhov no los ntawm kev siv hlau angle - riam-ntug angle. Drilling qhov chaw uas yog sib npaug nyob deb ntawm ib leeg peb kos nrog ib tug compass rau hlau, tsis nrog ib tug hlau nplai. Cia peb cim thawj ob drilling qhov chaw thiab kos ib txoj kab ncaj nraim los ntawm lawv. Siv cov ntsia hlau hlau los hloov qhov chaw ntawm thawj ob cov ntsiab lus ntawm kab qhia. Thiab yog li ntawd peb kos rau lwm qhov chaw qhov drilling.
 
Ua kom tob rau qhov chaw cim nrog lub cim rau saum lub laum ntsis yuav tsis swb. Marker rau dot marking tso lub taub rau hauv ib qho chaw, tab sis me ntsis inclined, yog li tom qab straightening, peb ntaus lub dawb kawg nrog rauj.
 
Lub cev ua haujlwm, ua ntej drilling, yuav tsum tau kho kom zoo. Rau qhov no muaj cib fim ntxiv. Cov hlau "U" yog fastened rau lub rooj ua haujlwm siv kauj ruam ntxhua khaub ncaws, ntsia hlaunrog nws los yog nrog ib daim ntawm "U" profile, uas tau txiav nrog ib tug saw rau txoj kev tsim nyog.
 
Peb tuaj yeem laum lub ntug ntawm lub kaum sab xis steel - winkle.  Yav dhau los, peb xa cov ntug ntawm lub winkle thiab khij qhov chaw buxaws nrog ib rab koob thiab accessories rau dot marking kom ntau li ntau tauguzava drilling ntawm kaum hlau. 
 
bracing ntawm round cross-section bars
DUAB 4
 
Rau fastening rods ntawm puag ncig cross-section, nws tsim nyog ua, ib qho tshwj xeeb clamp ua los ntawm bent ca hlau (ua tau thiab dig muag phau ntawv qhia) uas muaj threads nrog ib tug txiv ntoo ntawm qhov kawg (daim duab 4). Peb tuaj yeem txais cov kav dej nrog lub stirrup nrog zakiv. Txoj kev no tso cai rau peb tsis tsuas yog drilling tab sis thiab txiav yeeb nkab. Peb yuav tiv thaiv kev txav ntawm lub kaum sab xis hlau yog nyob rau hauv lub cross-cut formed txiav cia peb tso ib tug ceg ceg. Yog tias lub kaum sab xis luv, peb txais clamp thiab laum. Peb laum ib tug luv luv ca hlau los ntawm clamping nws nrog ib tug clamp. (daim duab 5).
 
clamp
DUAB 5
 
Lub qhov yuav tsum tsis txhob tob heev, yog hais tias peb tsis xav mus laum lub workpiece. Qhov no yog qhov yooj yim tshaj plaws ua tiav yog ntawm lub laum, kho qhov tob ntawm lub qhov, peb muab ib qho rau coiled nplhaib, ie. fasten nws mus rau lub laum me ntsis txwv. Ua ntej drilling qhov loj txoj kab uas hla (eg. 8 mm) laum lub workpiece nrog ib tug me me txoj kab uas hla laum ntsisnika (piv txwv li txoj kab uas hla ntawm 4 mm). Hauv qhov no, lub thicker insole yuav tsis poobnoj Lub qhov rau screws yog pre-drilled, thiab tom qab drilled rau lub taub hau ntsia hlau. faus lub taub hau ntsia hlau yog ua tiav nrog los ntawm yav tas los widening thiab deepening lub qhov. Txoj kab uas hla lub laum me ntsis rau qhov tob ntawm lub qhov yuav tsum yog me ntsis loj dua los ntawm txoj kab uas hla ntawm lub taub hau ntsia hlau.
 
Qhov chaw ntawm kev xyaum ua haujlwm muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau lawv lub hnub nyoog ntev. Txoj kev daws teeb meem yooj yim tshaj plaws rau vaj tsev laum khoom yog ib qho ib lub lath ntawm ntau dua thickness, uas peb siv peb drills vertically drilled qhov chaw rau lawv cov kev pab (txawm hais tias qhov no drilling ntawm ntoo tsis siv lub cartridge, ib qho siv tsis ua rau nws puas).
 
Nyob rau hauv xws li drilled qhov, tom qab ntxuav thiab nplua lubricationvanja, peb tso cov laum khoom nrog cov menyuam kawg upright nqes. Lub thav duab rau vaj tse laum yuav tsum tsis txhob qaij rau sab, Nws raug nquahu kom ntsia hlau batten mus rau hauv qab lossis sab cuab yeej racks.
 
Nyob rau hauv daim duab 6 peb yuav qhia lub kaum sab xis ntawm lub kauv laum uas yog thov rau ntau hom kev ua hauj lwm cov ntaub ntawv thiab txoj kev ntawm shaping cov hniav thiab cov menyuam ib feem.
twist xyaum ces kaum
DUAB 6

Cov lus hais txog