ike laau

ʻIke lāʻau

ʻO ka lāʻau paha, ma hope o ka pōhaku, ka mea mua i hana ʻia ai ke kanaka hana i nā mea hana a me nā mea pono nona iho. ʻO ke kōkua mua o ke kanaka primitive ʻaʻole ʻaʻole hiki ke lilo i mea ʻē aʻe he lāʻau, stake, lālā, a i ʻole kākalaioa, ua nalo ka meheu i nā keneturia o ka wā i hala.
 
ʻAʻole ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o Wood ma mua o nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka wā ma mua nā mea, aia nō ka primacy e like me ka mea i hoʻohana nui ʻiamea i waho. Eia naʻe, ma ke ʻano he mea hana - ʻoi aku ma hope o nā hanana plastic mass - ua kāohi ʻia, no ka mea, ʻo ka nui o nā "lāʻau" nā mea hana e like me nā lima lima, nā kino planer, etc. hana lākou i kēia lā mai nā palaka. I kēia lā, hoʻohana nui ʻia ka lāʻau mea, e hoomaka ana mai ka hale a hiki i ka iwi monā ʻāpana o ka mokulele, mai nā bulkheads a i nā kiʻi lāʻau.
 
ʻIke lāʻau
 
I ka nānā mua ʻana, he mea maʻalahi loa ke ʻimi i kou ala i waena o nā kumulāʻaumea waiwai. Akā naʻe, ʻaʻole pēlā: no ka ʻike, pono ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana, ka hoʻohana ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i ka lāʻau ʻike ʻoihana.
 
Ke hana ma lalo o kāna alakaʻi ponoʻī, hui ke kanaka i ka lāʻau e like me ka laau sawn, i.e. huahana semi-hoʻopau. ʻO ia mau makuahineʻo ia: nā lau, nā kaola, nā papa, nā papa a me nā papa. ʻO kēia mau mea a pau hiki ke hana ia me ka laau palupalu a paakiki paha. ʻokoʻa ma waena o kēia mau mea ma ke kahua o ka hana a me ka lōʻihinui ke kaumaha. ʻIke ʻia ka lāʻau palupalu e kona mau fiber nui, ʻike ʻia ka ʻano nāwaliwali a me ka maʻalahi o ka compressibility. Kokoke ka nui loa ʻO ka lāʻau palupalu i hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ke kaʻa. He maʻalahi a maikaʻi ka lāʻau kaʻa hiki ke kino. Ma ka hale a puni ka hale, hoʻohana ʻia ia e hana: nā puka, nā puka makani, nā papa, etc. ʻŌlelo nā lunakahiko iā mākou ʻO ka lāʻau palupalu e hahai i kona ola holoʻokoʻa, e hoʻomaka ana mai ka moena a hiki i pahu kupapaʻu.
 
ʻOi aku ka piha, ʻoi aku ka nui a me ke kaumaha o ka lāʻau paʻa. Hoʻokahi cubic he 830 g ke kaumaha o ka decimeter o ka lāʻau, a me ka nui like o ka laau palupalu wale no 450 gr. ʻOiʻaʻa nā lālā lāʻau paʻa puunaue a hoike i na laina maikai. ʻOi aku ka paʻakikī o ka māhele ʻana i ka lāʻau paʻa a ua emi iho na mamala. He laʻana maikaʻi no ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻano ʻO ka lāʻau paʻa he lāʻau broom, nā lima o nā mea hana like ʻole a me ka parquet. ʻO nā lāʻau me nā lau like me ka nila, evergreen, palupalu, a mai ʻO ka deciduous, birch, poplar, willow a me linden i manaʻo ʻia he palupalu.
 
ʻO ka lāʻau maloʻo wale nō me ka liʻiliʻi o 13% kūpono no ka hana ʻana. mākū. Loaʻa i ka lāʻau ka makū ʻaʻole wale ma hope koke Ua hana ʻia ka ʻoki ʻana (ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ia "ma kēia lāʻau ua mele ʻia nei e ka manu ʻeleʻele"), akā i ka wā e holomua anaua loaʻa i ka ʻīlio ka manawa e hoʻomohu i ka makū. Ua ike ia hygroscopic ka lāʻau, akā hoʻokuʻu mālie ʻia ka wai i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e mahu ana. Pono e ʻelemakule ka lāʻau palupalu ma lalo o ʻelua makahiki ma hope o ka ʻoki ʻana makahiki, a paakiki eha, i mea e maloo ai no ka hana. ʻOiaʻiʻo,ʻo kēia ka hihia i ka wā e hanaʻia ai ka maloʻoʻana i nā kūlana manuahi, i.e. kūlohelohe. I kēia manawa aia nā ʻōnaehana kamepiula hou a me nā mea maloʻo condensing e mālama i ke kaʻina hoʻomaloʻo lāʻau, a ua hoʻemi ʻia ka manawa no ka lāʻau maloʻo maikaʻi i nā manawa he nui.
 
Ke hoʻoheheʻe ka wai mai ka lāʻau pulu - ʻoi aku ka manawa ka maloʻo ʻana a me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i nā manawa he nui, ʻoi aku ka deformed o ka lāʻauiole, "hana". Hoʻomaopopo kēia inā ʻoe e noʻonoʻo i kēlā hiki i ka 130% o ka mea maloʻo ka makū i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e ka lāʻau kumulāʻau. ʻO ka deformation e pili ana i ka wahiʻāpana keʻa mau o ka lāʻau, kahi i ʻoki ʻia ai ka lāʻau. Inā ʻaʻole e mau ka ʻike o ka deformation, ma muli o kekahi mau manaʻoʻaʻole i piha, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa mua kākou i nā inoa o nā māhele i e hana i ke ʻano o ka lāʻau, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke Kiʻi 1.
 
hale lāʻau
KI'I 1
 
Hōʻike ka kiʻi 2 i ke ʻano o nā papa a me nā kaola ʻoki ʻia mai kēlā me kēia ʻāpana o ke kino. ʻO ke ʻano nui o ka lāʻau ʻo ia: emi ka nui o ka lāʻau pulu ma muli o ka maloʻo ʻana. Ke hana nei ʻo ia ka mea e pono ai ʻoe i ka hana ʻana i nā mea mai nā mea lāʻau "kūpono" maikaʻi a ʻokiʻoki iā lākou i kahi nui iki ma kahi o emi mai. (Hoʻokahi hiʻohiʻona maopopo: i loko o kahi pahu lāʻau kēlā ninini ka mea hale i ka wai i pehu ka laau a pehu ka pahu hoʻōki i ka hoʻokahe wai. Hoʻopili ka papa i ka wai a pehu nui i "pani" nā māwae a ʻaʻole e kahe hou ka ʻauwai).
 
lāʻau deformation
 
KI'I 2
 
ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona hiʻohiʻona o ka lāʻau ʻoi aku ka kūʻē ma ke kuhikuhi o na kaula, aka, he mea ma'alahi ke wili, oiai e ku pono ana i ke kuhikuhi nahaha maʻalahi nā pulu. 'Oko'a loa ke kū'ē me ka addiction mai ka mānoanoa a me ke kūlike o ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka fiber. Nā pulupulu mānoanoa hāʻawi i ke kū'ē nui aʻe, a ma kahi o ka looseness a unevennesske emi nei ke kū'ē o nā wiliwili like ʻole.
 
ʻOki ʻia ka lāʻau ʻili i ka lōʻihi ma ke ala o ka palaoa, koe wale nō i ka wā i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ai ka lāʻau, ka grenade. Kahi o ka ulu ʻana o nā lālā ua hōʻailona ʻia lākou e nā puʻupuʻu, a me nā wili a me ka huli ʻana o nā kaula.
 
Inā ʻoi aku ka laulā o ka lāʻau i ʻoki ʻia ma mua o ka mānoanoa, a hiki i ka mānoanoa o 40 mm ua kapa ʻia he papa, a ma luna o kēlā mānoanoa lehulehu. Inā loaʻa i ka lāʻau kahi ʻāpana kūhāhā, maʻamau polygonal a i ʻole rectangular a hiki i 10x10 ana ua kapaia he ohe, a maluna o ia mau ana he mau kaola. Ina ka pauku kea loaʻa i kahi ʻano paʻakikī, e like me ka laʻana, nā mea i hoʻomākaukau ʻia.kiʻi no nā kiʻi, a laila ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ka ʻauamo profiled.
 
ʻO ka lāʻau i ʻoki ʻole ʻia ma nā ʻaoʻao he hoʻokahi ʻaoʻao i hana ʻole ʻia a no laila ʻaʻole hiki ke hānai ʻia hʻano pili kekahi i kekahi. Hoʻolālā ʻia naʻe ma hope o ke ʻoki ʻana maʻemaʻe, a maʻemaʻe nā ʻili, ʻaʻohe māwae.
 
Ma ka hana, veneers, plywood a me nā mea hou loa: nā papa papa a me nā papa veneered. pinepine spe-Ua kapa hewa ʻia nā papa he veneer! Hana ʻia ka veneer maʻamau ma ka ʻili ʻana o nā lāʻau nui, e huli ana, e like me ke wehe ʻia ke kāwele i ʻōwili ʻia. Sawed veneer se loaʻa ma ka ʻoki ʻana i kēlā me kēia papa ma ka lāʻau, a me ka veneer ʻili ʻia me ka pahi, ma ka ʻoki ʻana i nā papa me ka pahi ma luna ka loa o ka laau. ʻOkoʻa ka mānoanoa o nā papa ma waena o 0,6-1,2 mm. ʻO Veneer me ka pōʻino ʻole, me ka ʻole o nā puʻupuʻu, me kahi ʻano maikaʻi ʻO kahi veneer no ka uhi ʻana i ka "maka", a emi ʻole ka nani, ʻeha paha a hoʻomau, glued, ʻo ia ka veneer no ka ʻaoʻao hope. Kūwaho, ʻike ʻia eʻO ka luna o ka hapa nui o nā lako i uhi ʻia me ka veneer, ʻoiai hoʻohana ʻia kekahi ʻano veneer, no ka laʻana, no ke kua lako lako.
 
Hana ʻia nā papa spruce ma ke kāwili ʻana i kekahi mau hulu maloʻonā papa nir ma luna o kekahi. Inā nā kuhikuhi like ʻoleHenna maʻamau a diagonal paha, ikaika a me ke kaumaha no kēlā me kēia ʻoi aku ka nui o nā manawa i ka ikaika a me ke kaumaha o ka papa o ka mānoanoa like. mānoanoa ʻO ka pā e like me ka helu o nā papa he: 3-5 mm no ʻekolu-layer, 6-8 mm no ʻelima-papa a me 9-12 mm no ʻeono-papa.
 
Hana ʻia ka veneer a me ka plywood mai ka lāʻau paʻakikī wale nō a nolaila ua oi aku ke kaumaha mamua o na papa like ka manoanoa. Piʻi ko lākou kaumaha a ma muli o ke kāpili.
 
Hana ʻia nā papa-papa mai nā papa lāʻau palupalu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma waena o nā papa veneer ʻelua a i ʻole nā ​​​​papa lāʻau, e hoʻonui ana ka mānoanoa, loaʻa kahi ʻili paʻakikī a nani, a me ke kaumaha a me ka ikaika ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o nā papa lāʻau palupalu o ka mānoanoa like. U i ka ʻoihana lako, ua loaʻa i nā papa panel ka hoʻohana ākea.
 
ʻO nā papa lole he mau papa lāʻau (plywood, panel boards, chipboards, nā papa fiber paʻa a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) i uhi ʻia me nā papa plastik nuipaʻa. Loaʻa iā lākou hoʻokahi a ʻelua ʻaoʻao maʻalahi, ʻālohilohi a koho pena (hoʻohālike i ka papa lāʻau, etc.). ʻAʻole lākou maʻalahi loa ma muli o ko lākou ikaika, ka helehelena a me ka maʻalahi o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana hoʻohana ākea.
 
Hana ʻia nā papa fiber paʻa (fiber boards). nā pulu hemp i ʻoki ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​koʻu lāʻau palupalu hui pū me ka resin artificial, ka mea ma hope o ka wela kaomi ʻia ka hana ma lalo o ke kaomi kiʻekiʻe i loko o nā papa. kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe ko lākou kaumaha a me nā papa paʻakikī hiki ke hiki i i 150% o ka gravity kūikawā o ka wai. Kapa pinepine ia keia mau papa nā papa hana.
 
A ʻo ka mea hope loa, ʻo kēia pūʻulu o nā papa pū kekahi e komo pū ana i nā pā hollow i hana ʻia me ka lattice i hana ʻia me nā papa lāʻau palupalu, uhi ʻia me nā papa. No ka hiki ʻole ke ʻoki ʻia, mai kēia mau papa ʻO kekahi mau mea wale nō i hanaʻia, e like me ka laʻana, nā puka.
 

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