Halayen fasaha na gaiter

Halayen fasaha na gaiter

 Tare da gutters, saws dole ne a kiyaye su da kyau kuma a ɗaure su a cikin firam. Lokacin aiki tare da saws masu rauni masu rauni, ana samun shard a cikin nau'in yanke wavy, da sauransu. Hanyar da ta fi dacewa don tayar da zato ita ce ta hanyar igiya, eccentric, dunƙule (hoto na 1), da kuma hanyar tayar da hankali ta hanyar na'urorin lantarki. Tightening saw tare da wedges ya fi muni fiye da sauran hanyoyin. Babban adadin masana'antu suna samar da adadi mai yawa na ƙarfi, saurin motsi, mai matukar amfani sosai. Wadannan injinan katako masu amfani sosai suna aiki a manyan masana'antar sarrafa itace a cikin masana'antar gini. An ba da halayen fasaha na waɗannan gaiters a cikin tebur 1.

20190926 162509 1

Hoto 1: Tensioning saw a cikin firam na gater

Tebur 1: Halayen fasaha na manyan nau'ikan garters masu girma

Alamun fasaha Ƙungiyar ma'auni Nau'in gaiters
Tare da crankshaft guda ɗaya Tare da ma'aikata biyu

RD

75-2

RD

60-2

RD

50-2

RD

40-2

RLB

75

RD

110

R-65 R-65-2 Wayar hannu RP--65 Farashin RK-65
Faɗin buɗewa mm 750 600 500 400 750 1100 650 650 650 650
Visa hoda mm 600 600 600 600 500 600 360 410 410 360
Yawan canji rpm 300 315 315 350 290 225 250 250 240 250
Mafi girman ƙaura a kowace juyi 1 na shaft ɗin gater mm 45 45  60 60 22 20 20 20 20 20
Tsarin motsi Ci gaba Na ɗan lokaci
Adadin masu gwadawa a cikin firam zo 12 10 8 8 12 20 10 10 10 10
Yanayin karkata na gani Haɗa madaidaicin gangaren gater tare da madaidaicin gangara na gani Fitar abin zato a cikin matsi
Yawan rollers da za a fara zo 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 8
Nauyi t 12 12 12 12 9 13 3,25 3,8 5 4,44

 

Ana amfani da ƙwanƙwasa haske na ƙananan kayan aiki don yankan katako a cikin yanayin gine-gine na karkara da kuma a cikin ƙananan kamfanoni don samar da abubuwan gine-gine daga itace. Halayen waɗannan yara gaiters suna cikin tebur 2. 

Tebur 2: Halayen fasaha na gaiters haske

Manuniya Ƙungiyar ma'auni Nau'in gaiters
Farashin RS-50 Farashin RS-52 GGS-2 RP
Nau'ukan - Labari ɗaya tare da watsawa daga ƙasa Labari ɗaya tare da watsawa daga ƙasa Labari ɗaya tare da watsawa daga ƙasa Labari mai motsi

Faɗin buɗewa

Frame bugun jini

mm

mm

500

300

520

400

534

300

550

400

Yawan canji

Nau'in kashewa

rpm

 

200

Ba a katsewa a lokacin aiki

250

Ba a katsewa a lokacin aiki

200

Ba a katsewa a lokacin aiki

250

Ƙare biyu

 

Matsakaicin ƙaura

Nauyi

mm

kg

7,2

2000

10

3000

8

2500

15

6000

 

Ana ƙididdige yawan aiki na gater bisa ga dabara: P = K - Δtnq / 1000L m3. Inda K shine madaidaicin amfani da gater. Don masu juyawa na injiniyoyi, K = 0.93, kuma na masu aikin injina, K = 0.90; Δ - ƙaura don juyawa ɗaya na shingen gater; n - adadin juyin juya hali na gater shaft a minti daya; t - gater lokacin aiki a cikin mintuna; q - ƙarar log, m3; L - tsayin katako, m.

Lokacin da aka ƙayyade matsakaicin yawan amfanin gater na shekara-shekara don motsi ɗaya, dakatarwar da ke faruwa saboda dalilai daban-daban (gyare-gyare, rashin kayan aiki, da sauransu) dole ne a la'akari da su. An ƙayyade waɗannan hasara ta hanyar ƙididdiga na gwaji na Kbautãwa = 0.9 - 0.92.

Don haka, matsakaita yawan aikin mai tsaron ƙofa na shekara-shekara yana ƙayyade ta hanyar P = Kbautãwa x K x Δntq/1000L mdon motsi daya.

An ba da halayen fasaha na masu gwajin gater a cikin tebur 3.

Shafin 3: Halayen fasaha na masu gwajin gater

Tsawon Nisa Kauri

Farar haƙori (nisa tsakanin tukwici na kusa da haƙoran gani)

1100 150 da 180 biyar; 1,2; 1,4; 1,6; tara 15. 19
1250 biyar; 1,6; 1,8; 2,0; tara 18. 22
1400 1,8; 2,0; 2,2; 2,4 18; 20; 22
1500 2,0; 2,2; 2,4 22. 26
1650 2,2. 2,4 22. 26
1830 2,2. 2,4 22; 26

 

Ana yin saws a cikin bayanan haƙora guda biyu: tare da fashe gefen baya kuma tare da madaidaiciyar gefen baya (fig. 2). Lokacin zabar girman da ake so na saw, ya kamata a jagorance ku ta tsawon firam ɗin gater, girman bugunsa da diamita na katakon da za a yanke. Za'a iya ƙayyade tsawon tsayin da ake buƙata ta hanyar dabara L = Dmax + H + (300 zuwa 350) mm, inda L shine tsayin gani, mm; Dmax - matsakaicin diamita na katako da za a yanke; 300 - 350 - izni saboda shigarwa na abubuwan da aka saka don allon da slats; H - tsayin bugun jini, mm.

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Hoto 2: Bayanan martaba na haƙoran na'ura mai ba da hanya tsakanin hanyoyin sadarwa

Ya kamata kauri daga cikin saw da farar hakora ya dace da tsayin yanke da nau'in yanke. An ba da wannan alaƙar a cikin Tebur 4. 

Table 4: Dangantakar kaurin gani, farar haƙori na tsayin yanke

Nau'in yankan

Diamita a ƙarshen bakin ciki na katako ko kauri, cm

Fitar haƙori, mm Tsawon gani, mm

Yanke log

Wannan

''

''

Yi 20

21- 26

27- 34

35 da sama

15 da 18

18

22

26

1,6 - 1,8 - 2,0

1,8- 2,0

2,2- 2,4

2,2- 2,4

Yanke katako a cikin katako

Wannan 

''

''

Yi 22

23-24

35- 44

45 da sama

15 da 18

18

22

26

1,8- 2,0

1,8- 2,0

2,2- 2,4

 2,2- 2,4

 

Yanke katako

Wannan

Yi 20

21 da sama

15

18

1,6- 1,8

1,8- 2,0

 

Ana shigar da saws tare da masu tayar da hankali waɗanda ke haɗe zuwa ƙananan ƙarshen sawduka kuma tare da saitin maɗaukaki biyu da kusoshi bakwai don ƙarshen babba. An haɗe masu motsi zuwa ga zato a kusurwoyi masu kyau zuwa gefen bayansa. Dole ne gefuna masu murɗaɗɗen murɗa su kasance suna fuskantar juna. Kafin a yi murza leda, sai a duba gefuna na zato don ganin ko sun yi daidai da juna, idan kuma ba haka ba ne, sai a datse su a kan injin sarrafa zadon.

 

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